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Zhao X.,Changzhou University | Zhao X.,Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering Research Unit | Wang G.,Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering Research Unit | Zheng H.,Changzhou University | And 4 more authors.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces | Year: 2013

Surface topography and chemistry have significant influences on the biological performance of biomedical implants. Our aim is to produce an implant surface with favorable biological properties by dual modification of surface chemistry and topography in one single simple process. In this study, because of its chemical stability, excellent corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility, titanium oxide (TiO2) was chosen to coat the biomedical Ti alloy implants. Biocompatible elements (niobium (Nb) and silicon (Si)) were introduced into TiO2 matrix to change the surface chemical composition and tailor the thermophysical properties, which in turn leads to the generation of topographical features under specific thermal history of plasma spraying. Results demonstrated that introduction of Nb2O5 resulted in the formation of Ti0.95Nb0.95O4 solid solution and led to the generation of nanoplate network structures on the composite coating surface. By contrast, the addition of SiO2 resulted in a hairy nanostructure and coexistence of rutile and quartz phases in the coating. Additionally, the introduction of Nb2O5 enhanced the corrosion resistance of TiO2 coating, whereas SiO2 did not exert much effect on the corrosion behaviors. Compared to the TiO 2 coating, TiO2 coating doped with Nb2O 5 enhanced primary human osteoblast adhesion and promoted cell proliferation, whereas TiO2 coatings with SiO2 were inferior in their bioactivity, compared to TiO2 coatings. Our results suggest that the incorporation of Nb2O5 can enhance the biological performance of TiO2 coatings by changing the surface chemical composition and nanotopgraphy, suggesting its potential use in modification of biomedical TiO2 coatings in orthopedic applications. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

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