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Ciniselli C.M.,Unit of Medical Statistics | De Bortoli M.,Laboratory of Proteomics | Taverna E.,Laboratory of Proteomics | Varinelli L.,Laboratory of Proteomics | And 6 more authors.
Expert Review of Proteomics | Year: 2015

Objective: Hepcidin-25 production is stimulated by systemic inflammation, and it interferes with iron utilization, leading to anemia. This study aimed to investigate the relationships between the plasma levels of hepcidin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), erythropoietin (EPO) and erythroferrone (ERFE) in patients with benign breast disease or cancer. Methods: Plasma samples from a cohort of 131 patients (47 with benign breast disease and 84 with breast cancer) were subjected to the evaluation of hepcidin, IL-6, EPO and ERFE using SELDI-TOF-MS or immunoassays. Results: An elevated hepcidin was observed in malignant breast tumors compared to benign ones. No correlation was observed between hepcidin and IL-6, EPO or ERFE. Conclusion: Since the study included a cohort of patients (87%) with breast cancers smaller than 2 cm, these results may support our previous evidence about the potential role of hepcidin in breast cancer disease. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Caccia D.,Proteomics Laboratory | Dugo M.,Core Oncology | Callari M.,Core Oncology | Callari M.,Biomarkers Unit | Bongarzone I.,Proteomics Laboratory
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics | Year: 2013

Over recent years, analyses of secretomes (complete sets of secreted proteins) have been reported in various organisms, cell types, and pathologies and such studies are quickly gaining popularity. Fungi secrete enzymes can break down potential food sources; plant secreted proteins are primarily parts of the cell wall proteome; and human secreted proteins are involved in cellular immunity and communication, and provide useful information for the discovery of novel biomarkers, such as for cancer diagnosis. Continuous development of methodologies supports the wide identification and quantification of secreted proteins in a given cellular state. The role of secreted factors is also investigated in the context of the regulation of major signaling events, and connectivity maps are built to describe the differential expression and dynamic changes of secretomes. Bioinformatics has become the bridge between secretome data and computational tasks for managing, mining, and retrieving information. Predictions can be made based on this information, contributing to the elucidation of a given organism's physiological state and the determination of the specific malfunction in disease states. Here we provide an overview of the available bioinformatics databases and software that are used to analyze the biological meaning of secretome data, including descriptions of the main functions and limitations of these tools. The important challenges of data analysis are mainly related to the integration of biological information from dissimilar sources. Improvements in databases and developments in software will likely substantially contribute to the usefulness and reliability of secretome studies. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: An Updated Secretome. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Amoroso V.,Medical Oncology Unit | Generali D.,U.O. Multidisciplinare di Patologia Mammaria | Buchholz T.,University of Houston | Cristofanilli M.,Thomas Jefferson University | And 30 more authors.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute - Monographs | Year: 2015

Expert consensus-based recommendations regarding key issues in the use of primary (or neoadjuvant) systemic treatment (PST) in patients with early breast cancer are a valuable resource for practising oncologists. PST remains a valuable therapeutic approach for the assessment of biological antitumor activity and clinical efficacy of new treatments in clinical trials. Neoadjuvant trials provide endpoints, such as pathological complete response (pCR) to treatment, that potentially translate into meaningful improvements in overall survival and disease-free survival. Neoadjuvant trials need fewer patients and are less expensive than adjuvant trial, and the endpoint of pCR is achieved in months, rather than years. For these reasons, the neoadjuvant setting is ideal for testing emerging targeted therapies in early breast cancer. Although pCR is an early clinical endpoint, its role as a surrogate for long-term outcomes is the key issue. New and better predictors of treatment efficacy are needed to improve treatment and outcomes. After PST, accurate management of post-treatment residual disease is mandatory. The surgery of the sentinel lymph-node could be an acceptable option to spare the axillary dissection in case of clinical negativity (N0) of the axilla at the diagnosis and/or after PST. No data exists yet to support the modulation of the extent of locoregional radiation therapy on the basis of the response attained after PST although trials are underway. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

Fina E.,Biomarkers Unit | Callari M.,Biomarkers Unit | Reduzzi C.,Biomarkers Unit | D'Aiuto F.,Biomarkers Unit | And 5 more authors.
Clinical Chemistry | Year: 2015

Methods: Here, we describe a technical protocol to measure the expression of >29 000 genes in CTCs captured from whole blood with magnetic beads linked with antibodies against epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) and the carcinoma-associated mucin, MUC1, designed to be used for CTC characterization in clinical samples. Low numbers of cells (5-200) from the MCF7 and MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cell lines were spiked in healthy donor blood samples and isolated with the AdnaTest EMT-1/Stem CellSelect kit. Gene expression profiles (GEPs) were obtained with the WG-DASL HT assay and compared with GEPs obtained from RNA isolated from cultured cell lines and unspiked samples.Results: GEPs from samples containing 25 or more spiked cells correlated (r = 0.95) with cognate 100-ng RNA input samples, clustered separately from blood control samples, and allowed MCF7 and MDA-MB-468 cells to be distinguished. GEPs with comparable technical quality were also obtained in a preliminary series of clinical samples.Conclusions: Our approach allows technically reliable GEPs to be obtained from isolated CTCs for the acquisition of biologically useful information. It is reproducible and suitable for application in prospective studies to assess the clinical utility ofCTCGEPs, provided that >25 CTCs can be isolated.Background: Determining the transcriptional profile of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) may allow the acquisition of clinically relevant information while overcoming tumor heterogeneity-related biases associated with use of tissue samples for biomarker assessment. However, such molecular characterization is challenging because CTCs are rare and outnumbered by blood cells. © 2014 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.

Silvestrini R.,Biomarkers Unit | Martelli G.,Breast Unit | Miceli R.,Unit of Medical Statistics | Agresti R.,Breast Unit | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Biological Markers | Year: 2013

The present study investigated whether tumor markers such as cell proliferation and steroid receptor status, which have been shown to have relevance for important endpoints (relapse-free and overall survival), can also predict axillary disease in elderly patients with breast cancer. We evaluated 351 consecutive elderly women with breast cancer ≥70 years of age with estrogen receptor (ER) positive tumors with no palpable axillary nodes, for whom information on cell proliferation determined by the 3H-thymidine labeling index (TLI) and progesterone receptor (PgR) was available. Patients underwent quadrantectomy (70.1%) or quadrantectomy plus radiotherapy (29.9%) without axillary node dissection, followed by adjuvant tamoxifen for at least 2 years. Univariable (cumulative incidence curves) and multivariable analyses (Fine and Gray models) were carried out. After a median follow-up of 16 years, ipsilateral axillary relapse was not related to PgR status but was strongly associated with tumor cell proliferation in both small (pT1) and large (pT2-4b) tumors. Axillary relapse cumulative incidence increased from 1% in patients with low-TLI (≤3%), PgR-positive and pT1 tumors to a maximum of 20% in patients with high-TLI, PgR-negative and pT2-4b tumors. Tumor cell proliferation, determined by TLI at primary surgery, is an important predictor of axillary relapse in elderly ER-positive breast cancer patients and could help to identify patients who should undergo axillary surgery. © 2013 Wichtig Editore.

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