Biological Farming Association ELKANA

Tbilisi, Georgia

Biological Farming Association ELKANA

Tbilisi, Georgia

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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SICA | Phase: KBBE-2008-2-2-02 | Award Amount: 3.72M | Year: 2009

BaSeFood aims to promote sustainable development and exploitation of Traditional Foods containing emerging bioactive compounds with putative health effects in the Black Sea Region (BSR). The Consortium includes 13 partners covering the BSR, EuroFIR partners with experience on traditional foods and bioactive compounds at the pan-European level, and one representing 11 European Food and Drink Federations. The objectives of BaSeFood are: (1) To investigate the knowledge base of traditional foods of the BSR in order to identify those foods to be collected and analysed. (WP1). (2) To define, characterise and collect nutrient and bioactive data for a subset of about 30 prioritised traditional foods using previously developed and validated EuroFIR guidelines and bioactive databases, with appropriate analyses (WP2). (3) To carry out case human intervention studies (priority: cardiovascular disease protection), supported by intensive in vitro and in vivo laboratory tests, to address the requirement for supporting evidence in nutrition and health claims (WP3). (4) To accurately map and describe the flow charts of BSR traditional foods preparation and processing, and determine bioactive retention at both laboratory and pilot plant scale in close collaboration with industry partners (WP4). (5) To evaluate attitudes of processors and consumers in order to optimise and enhance the whole food chain for improved availability and health benefits of BSR traditional foods (WP5). (6) To widely disseminate results and findings in order to enhance awareness and sustainable development of traditional foods of the BSR for improved health (WP6). The project objectives are entirely congruent with those of the call, and will serve to (a) make a significant contribution to the substantiation of nutrition/health claims for traditional foods (b) enhance the cooperation between researchers and stakeholders, and (c) promote sustainable economic development for European SMEs and the BSR


Konic-Ristic A.,University of Belgrade | Srdic-Rajic T.,University of Belgrade | Kardum N.,University of Belgrade | Aleksic-Velickovic V.,University of Belgrade | And 7 more authors.
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND: The beneficial effect of fruit- and vegetable-rich diets on cardiovascular health is partly attributed to the effect of their bioactive compounds on platelet function. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of bioactive-rich plant extracts and isolated bioactive metabolites on platelet function. Blood samples from healthy subjects (n=4) and subjects with metabolic syndrome (n=4) were treated with six extracts of bioactive-rich plants consumed as traditional foods in the Black Sea region, or with human metabolites of the bioactives quercetin and sulforaphane. Markers of arachidonic acid induced platelet activation and platelet-leucocyte aggregation were assessed using flow cytometry. RESULTS: In subjects with metabolic syndrome, kale extract significantly inhibited agonist induced P-selectin expression (P=0.004). Sulforaphane-cysteine-glycine, a human plasma metabolite of the related glucosinolate, glucoraphanin, significantly inhibited P-selectin and GPIIb-IIIa expression (P=0.020 and 0.024, respectively) and platelet-neutrophil aggregation (P=0.027). Additionally, pomegranate extract significantly inhibited GPIIb-IIIa expression (P=0.046) in subjects with metabolic syndrome. In healthy subjects only dill extract significantly inhibited agonist induced P-selectin expression (P=0.025). CONCLUSION: These data show that bioactive-rich extracts of kale and pomegranate that are consumed as traditional plant foods of Black Sea area countries were effective in modulating platelet function. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry.


Hollands W.J.,UK Institute of Food Research | Saha S.,UK Institute of Food Research | Hayran O.,Yeditepe University | Boyko N.,Uzhhorod National University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND: The health benefits of fruit and vegetable-rich diets may be partly due to modulation of platelet activity by bioactive phytochemicals. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of bioactive-rich plant extracts and isolated bioactive metabolites on platelet function. Blood samples (n =15 subjects) were treated with extracts of bioactive-rich plants consumed as traditional foods in the Black Sea region, or with human metabolites of the bioactives quercetin and sulforaphane. Platelet function was assessed using the PFA-100. RESULTS: None of the extracts containing various flavonoids, glucosinolates and other bioactives, or isolated bioactive metabolites of quercetin or sulforaphane, caused significant changes in PFA-100 closure time (CT). In contrast, the positive controls (aspirin and Abciximab) consistently caused significant increases in CT for the platelet agonists epinephrine and ADP, respectively. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry.


Jorjadze M.,Biological Farming Association Elkana | Berishvili T.,Biological Farming Association Elkana | Shatberashvili E.,Biological Farming Association Elkana
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture | Year: 2014

Georgia represents a biodiversity hotspot for wheat with high levels of endemism. Many local variations of wheat are found in the country due to its variable climatic, edaphic, socio-economic and cultural landscape. Local variations of seven free-threshing and seven hulled wheat landraces and old varieties are found in the country, along with wheat utilization and the different traditional uses, are described in this paper. Despite the diversity and significance of Georgian wheats, their role in the wheat phylogenesis has not been thoroughly studied and the general public is not well informed on the subject. This article aims to promote Georgian wheat landraces and underline the necessity of carrying out a detailed systematic inventory of the wild and cultivated plants in Georgia order to get more information on the state of this national heritage and of the measures to be taken for its conservation.

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