Paliwal P.K.,Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied science |
Bansal A.,Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied science |
Sagi S.S.K.,Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied science |
Sairam M.,E. Biological Ltd.
Vaccine | Year: 2011
Heat shock proteins serve as important antigens in defense against infectious diseases. Members of HSP70 family, particularly microbial HSP70s have acquired special significance in immunity. In the present study, we evaluated the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of HSP70 of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi against lethal infection by Salmonella in mice with or without adjuvants. The HSP70 gene was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 and purified by affinity chromatography. Immunization of mice with HSP70 either alone or in combination with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) resulted in a significant increase in antibody titers as compared to control. Antibody isotyping revealed that HSP70 immunization induces both IgG1 and IgG2a antibodies to a significant extent but a higher IgG1/IgG2a ratio indicates a predominant Th2 response. There was a significant increase in lymphocyte proliferation, and levels of both Th2 and Th1 cytokines in cells isolated from immunized mice as compared to control. Immunization of mice with recombinant HSP70 either alone or in combination with CFA conferred 70-90% protection against lethal infections by Salmonella Typhi Ty2 or Salmonella Typhimurium. However, passive immunization with anti-HSP70 sera induced only partial protection in the immunized mice. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.