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Jena, Germany

Aicher D.,University of Leipzig | Wiehe A.,Free University of Berlin | Wiehe A.,Biolitec AG | Stark C.B.W.,University of Leipzig

The trichloroacetimidate method has been utilized for the glycosylation of porphyrins. The corresponding glycoconjugates were obtained rapidly, in high yields, and excellent purity. A three-step sequence using well-matched (Lewis) acids was found to be highly effective and reliable. © Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart New York. Source

Dragicevic-Curic N.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | Winter S.,Ratiopharm GmbH | Krajisnik D.,University of Belgrade | Stupar M.,University of Belgrade | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Liposome Research

Temoporfin (mTHPC) is a potent second-generation synthetic photosensitizer. Topical delivery of mTHPC is of great interest for the photodynamic therapy of psoriasis and superficial skin cancer lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the stability of hydrophilic gels containing mTHPC-loaded liposomes. Two different mTHPC-loaded liposome dispersions, composed of 15 % (w/w) nonhydrogenated soybean lecithin of different phosphatidylcholine content, were prepared and incorporated (2:1 w/w) into hydrogels of different carbomer concentrations (1.5, 2.25, and 3%; w/w). Obtained liposomal hydrogels, containing 0.15% (w/w) mTHPC, 10% (w/w) phospholipids, and 0, 0.5, or 1% (w/w) carbomer, were analyzed for flow properties, liposome particle size, and polydispersity index (PDI), pH value, and mTHPC content after their preparation and at predetermined time intervals during 6 months of storage at 4 and 23°C. All hydrogels showed, during the whole period of investigation, adequate characteristics for topical application (i.e., they revealed shear-thinning plastic flow behavior). Rheological parameters, particle size, and PDI of liposomes in hydrogels, mTHPC content, and pH value did not show remarkable changes during the storage of gels, which could make them unacceptable for topical use. The obtained results indicated physical and chemical stability of liposomal gels containing mTHPC during 6 months of storage at both temperatures. Source

Low K.,Fraunhofer Institute for Biomedical Engineering | Knobloch T.,Goethe University Frankfurt | Wagner S.,Fraunhofer Institute for Biomedical Engineering | Wiehe A.,Biolitec AG | And 3 more authors.

The second generation photosensitizer mTHPC was approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for the palliative treatment of advanced head and neck cancer in October 2001. It is known that mTHPC possesses a significant phototoxicity against a variety of human cancer cells invitro but also exhibits dark toxicity and can cause adverse effects (especially skin photosensitization). Due to its poor water solubility, the administration of hydrophobic photosensitizer still presents several difficulties. To overcome the administration problems, the use of nanoparticles as drug carrier systems is much investigated. Nanoparticles based on poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) have been extensively studied as delivery systems into tumours due to their biocompatibility and biodegradability. The goal of this study was the comparison of free mTHPC and mTHPC-loaded PLGA nanoparticles concerning cytotoxicity and intracellular accumulation in human colon carcinoma cells (HT29). The nanoparticles delivered the photosensitizer to the colon carcinoma cells and enabled drug release without losing its activity. The cytotoxicity assays showed a time-and concentration-dependent decrease in cell proliferation and viability after illumination. However, first and foremost mTHPC lost its dark toxic effects using the PLGA nanoparticles as a drug carrier system. Therefore, PLGA nanoparticles are a promising drug carrier system for the hydrophobic photosensitizer mTHPC. © 2011 IOP Publishing Ltd. Source

Garrier J.,Nancy Research Center for Automatic Control | Bressenot A.,Nancy University Hospital Center | Grafe S.,Biolitec AG | Marchal S.,Nancy Research Center for Automatic Control | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics

Purpose: The present study investigates the efficacy of compartmental targeting in xenografted tumors treated by meta-tetra(hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC)-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT). The therapeutic efficacy was, furthermore, related to a regional photoinduced distribution of apoptosis and an mTHPC biodistribution profile. Methods and Materials: Mice bearing EMT6 tumors were subjected to a single irradiation (10 J/cm2) of red laser light (652 nm) at different intervals after a single- (0.3 mg/kg or 0.15 mg/kg) or double-intravenous (2 × 0.15 mg/kg) injection(s) of mTHPC. Efficiency of the treatment was evaluated by monitoring tumor regrowth. mTHPC pharmacokinetics were assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis of excised organs. The regional distribution of apoptosis in tumor sections was investigated with a newly developed colabelling immunohistochemistry technique. Results: A fractionated double-injection protocol of mTHPC with 24-h and 3-h drug-light intervals (DLI) yielded 100% tumor cure, with tumors presenting a massive apoptosis of neoplastic cells along with a distortion of vessels. The best efficiency for a single injection (0.3 mg/kg) was about 54% tumor cure and corresponded to a DLI of 3 h. At this DLI, tumors showed apoptosis of endothelial cells in residual vessels. Concentrations of mTHPC observed in plasma and tumor for the fractionated injection were not statistically different and were less than the total drug dose in each compartment. Conclusions: The present work suggests that clinical PDT protocols with mTHPC could be greatly improved by fractionation of the drug administration. Time points should be chosen based on the intratumoral spatiotemporal drug distribution. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Printed in the USA. All rights reserved. Source

Schastak S.,University of Leipzig | Ziganshyna S.,University of Leipzig | Gitter B.,Biolitec AG | Wiedemann P.,University of Leipzig | Claudepierre T.,University of Leipzig

The worldwide rise in the rates of antibiotic resistance of bacteria underlines the need for alternative antibacterial agents. A promising approach to kill antibiotic-resistant bacteria uses light in combination with a photosensitizer to induce a phototoxic reaction. Concentrations of 1, 10 and 100mM of tetrahydroporphyrin-tetratosylat (THPTS) and different incubation times (30, 90 and 180min) were used to measure photodynamic efficiency against two Gram-positive strains of S.aureus (MSSA and MRSA), and two Gram-negative strains of E.coli and P.aeruginosa. We found that phototoxicity of the drug is independent of the antibiotic resistance pattern when incubated in PBS for the investigated strains. Also, an incubation with 100μM THPTS followed by illumination, yielded a 6lg (≥99.999%) decrease in the viable numbers of all bacteria strains tested, indicating that the THPTS drug has a high degree of photodynamic inactivation. We then modulated incubation time, photosensitizer concentration and monitored the effect of serum on the THPTS activity. In doing so, we established the conditions to obtain the strongest bactericidal effect. Our results suggest that this new and highly pure synthetic compound should improve the efficiency of photodynamic therapy against multiresistant bacteria and has a significant potential for clinical applications in the treatment of nosocomial infections. © 2010 Schastak et al. Source

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