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Park K.-R.,Chungbuk National University | Lee W.-J.,Chungbuk National University | Cho M.-G.,Chungbuk National University | Park E.-S.,Metomefood Co. | And 4 more authors.
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition

The functional food components from various Basidiomycota were investigated to improve human intestinal microflora, especially associated with obesity. EtOH extract from Gyrophora esculenta fruit body and Coriolus versicolor judae mycelia showed antimicrobial activities on Eubacterium limosum, Clostridium perfrigens, Clostridium paraputrificum, Clostridium difficile and Clostridium ramosum, and on Bacteroides fragilis, respectively. Although the 80% EtOH extract from G. esculenta fruit body and hot-water extract from C. versicolor judae mycelia did not reduce weight of the rats in the high fat diet, these extracts showed stability at high temperatures and at wide pH ranges. In the rat group of feeding 80% EtOH extract from G. esculanta fruit body, Bifidobacterium spp. were increased and Clostridium spp. and Eubacterium spp. were decreased compared to the high fat feeding group. Also sensory evaluation was carried out for the development of prototype drink product. These results demonstrated the possibilities of C. versicolor judae and G. esculenta as a functional food components to control intestinal microbial flora. Source

Thompson J.,Biolife | Luo N.,Urbana University | Entenmann C.,Biolife | Miley G.H.,Urbana University | Swartz M.R.,JET Energy Inc.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

Radioactive decay rates are to a large extent believed to be independent of the chemical environment. This is the physics basis implicitly assumed in applications such as radioisotope dating. While this statement is a good approximation for most radioactive decays, there are cases where a slight variation of 0.5% or more can be observed, as in the electron capture type of decay. There are renewed interests in possible decay-rate changes with external parameters such as temperature, with controversy as to the phenomenon's authenticity. In this paper, we study the variation of radioactivity counts that significantly change (up to 50% or more) with temperature. We carefully studied the characteristics of the change and found that the presence of a gaseous decay daughter can pose a serious challenge to a bona fide account of the intrinsic nuclear decay rate. After a careful solution to rate equations of the relevant isotopes under our experimental conditions, we found that most of the radioactivity change could be accounted for by the diffusion and loss of gaseous daughters under the heat, without a supposed change in the intrinsic nuclear decay rate. We hence demonstrate that an accurate determination of the decay constant has to consider the possible diffusion of volatile components in the decay chain. This is especially important in cases involving significant temperature change. © 2011 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary. Source

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