Moran G.S.,Haifa University |
Russinova Z.,Boston University |
Yim J.Y.,Biola University |
Sprague C.,Boston University
Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation | Year: 2014
Introduction Individuals with psychiatric disabilities have low rates of employment and occupational rehabilitation success. Mental health peer services are a new occupational modality that opened a promising occupational path: persons with serious mental illnesses employed to provide support to others with psychiatric conditions. However challenges to successful peer work exist. Work motivation is central to understanding and supporting peer workers, yet little is known about sources of motivation to work as mental health peer providers. The aim of this study was to identify what drives individuals to mental health peer work using self determination theory (SDT). Methods Motivations of 31 mental health peer workers were explored as part of a larger study. A theory driven approach was employed to emerging qualitative data using SDT concepts: external motivation and internally regulated motivations derived from basic needs (autonomy, competence, relatedness). Results External motivations included generic occupational goals and getting away from negative work experiences. Internal motivations corresponded with SDT basic needs: autonomy met-needs was reflected in having freedom to disclose and finding that work accords with personal values; competence met-needs was reflected in using personal experience as a resource to help others; and relatedness met-needs were reflected in having opportunity to connect intimately and reciprocate with consumers. Conclusion This study identified external and internal motivations of persons with psychiatric disabilities to work as peer providers - a novel occupation in mental health. Employing personal experience and enabling peer contact emerge as major motivational tenets of mental health peer work. According to SDT instrumental occupational goals are considered more external than satisfaction of basic psychological needs. The study demonstrates the applicability of SDT in the design of autonomy supported environments to promote work engagement and sustenance of mental health peer providers. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Lin S.-H.,Biola University
IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management | Year: 2016
For point-to-point direct delivery over the transportation network, timely delivery of commodity and reduction of total fuel cost are both important objectives to consider. Since fuel prices can vary significantly over a broad region, often there is a tradeoff between fuel cost and travel time. A short path may not be economical in terms of fuel cost while routing through regions with lower fuel prices may take more time. In this paper, we consider multi-objective constrained vehicle refueling planning in two settings: (i) minimizing the fuel cost given an upper bound on travel time or (ii) minimizing travel time given an upper bound on the fuel cost. We prove that the computational task is NP-Complete even when the fuel price is fixed or when the amount of fuel consumption and the travel time are linearly dependent. We then show fully polynomial-time approximation schemes for refueling planning in these two situations. © 2015 IEEE.
Moran G.S.,Haifa University |
Moran G.S.,Boston University |
Russinova Z.,Boston University |
Gidugu V.,Boston University |
And 2 more authors.
Qualitative Health Research | Year: 2012
Providing peer support to individuals with psychiatric disabilities has emerged as a promising modality of mental health services. These services are delivered by individuals who experience mental illnesses themselves. The purpose of this study was to explore how working as a peer provider can enhance personal recovery. The study was conducted with 31 peer providers employed in a variety of mental health agencies. Data were collected through face-to-face semistructured interviews and analyzed using a grounded theory approach. Qualitative analysis revealed a wide range of recovery benefits for the peer providers. The benefits span across five wellness domains: foundational, emotional, spiritual, social, and occupational. In addition, analysis revealed five role-related and five work-environment-related mechanisms of beneficial impact. The role of sharing one's personal story is highlighted as contributing to positively reauthoring one's self-narrative. Implications for peer training, job development, and workplace supports are discussed. © SAGE Publications 2012.
Dzubinski L.M.,Biola University
Journal of Asynchronous Learning Network | Year: 2014
The pace of globalization coupled with growing institutional pursuit of online education means that online classes are increasingly composed of a multi-national, multi-ethnic, and multi-cultural student body. Teaching presence, which is the ability to structure the class, create the social environment, give instruction, and assess student work, is the basis for creating a community of inquiry in an online class where successful learning can occur. However, little is known about effective teaching presence in a multinational classroom. The purpose of this study was to examine my own efforts to co-create a social context in an online classroom that was welcoming and supportive to an extremely diverse student population enrolled in a graduate research methods course. Findings show that building student confidence, affirming student voice, and the strategic use of groups help create a climate of safety. Effective instructor techniques include setting up the class, having ongoing public and private interaction with students, giving effective feedback, and recognizing and valuing cultural differences.
Hill P.C.,Biola University
Mental Health, Religion and Culture | Year: 2010
In this brief response to Belzen's proposal that the psychology of religion undertakes a cultural approach to its subject matter, I suggest that (1) the psychology of religion is not as a-cultural as suggested by Belzen and (2) a cultural approach has both practical and theoretical liabilities, including the lack of coherence and the inability to identify universals. I then offer a friendly amendment to Belzen's approach, suggesting from a Kuhnian perspective that he presents a cultural approach more in terms of rapprochement with the existing experimental paradigm. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.