Borrebaeck C.,Lund University |
Fredlund B.-M.,BioInvent Int. AB |
Jansson B.,BioInvent Int. AB
Glycobiology | Year: 2011
The Tn antigen (GalNAc-O-Ser/Thr) is heterogeneously synthesized by a variety of tumors and contains an epitope defined by lectins and antibodies as a cluster of GalNAc carbohydrates synthesized within a peptide sequence, which is rich in serine and/or threonine. The Tn antigen has been utilized as a target in vaccine experiments and also used as a biomarker for prognosis of different cancer forms. In this paper, we present a new monoclonal antibody, GOD3-2C4, with the clear hallmarks of an anti-Tn antibody. It was generated through somatic cell hybridization after immunization of a mouse with a tumor cell line and a Tn carrying mucin. The antibody recognizes synthetic Tn antigen and binds breast, colon, lung, ovarian and pancreas cancer. The GOD3-2C4 antibody has antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity activity against Jurkat cells in vitro, and for the first time, it can be shown that an anti-Tn antibody has a significant in vivo effect on a human cancer cell line grown as a xenograft in severe combined immunodeficiency mice. © 2011 The Author.
Vegvari A.,Lund University |
Fehniger T.E.,Lund University |
Fehniger T.E.,Tallinn University of Technology |
Rezeli M.,Lund University |
And 7 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2013
Requirements for patient safety and improved efficacy are steadily increasing in modern healthcare and are key drivers in modern drug development. New drug characterization assays are central in providing evidence of the specificity and selectivity of drugs. Meeting this need, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) is used to study drug localization within microenvironmental tissue compartments. Thin sections of human lung tumor and rat xenograft tissues were exposed to pharmaceutical drugs by either spotting or submerging. These drugs, the epidermal growth factor receptor antagonists, erlotinib (Tarceva) and gefitinib (Iressa), and the acetylcholine receptor antagonist, tiotropium, were characterized by microenvironment localization. Intact tissue blocks were also immersed in drug solution, followed by sectioning. MALDI-MSI was then performed using a Thermo MALDI LTQ Orbitrap XL instrument to localize drug-distribution patterns. We propose three MALDI-MSI models measuring drug disposition that have been used to map the selected compounds within tissue compartments of tumors isolated from lung cancer patients. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Sugihara Y.,Skåne University Hospital |
Vegvari A.,Lund University |
Welinder C.,Skåne University Hospital |
Jonsson G.,Skåne University Hospital |
And 13 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2014
Malignant melanoma (MM) patients are being treated with an increasing number of personalized medicine (PM) drugs, several of which are small molecule drugs developed to treat patients with specific disease genotypes and phenotypes. In particular, the clinical application of protein kinase inhibitors has been highly effective for certain subsets of MM patients. Vemurafenib, a protein kinase inhibitor targeting BRAF-mutated protein, has shown significant efficacy in slowing disease progression. In this paper, we provide an overview of this new generation of targeted drugs, and demonstrate the first data on localization of PMdrugs within tumor compartments. In this study, we have introduced MALDI-MS imaging to provide new information on one of the drugs currently used in the PM treatment of MM, vemurafenib. In a proof-of-concept in vitro study, MALDI-MS imaging was used to identify vemurafenib applied to metastatic lymph nodes tumors of subjects attending the regional hospital network of Southern Sweden. The paper provides evidence of BRAF overexpression in tumors isolated from MM patients and localization of the specific drug targeting BRAF, vemurafenib, using MS fragment ion signatures. Our ability to determine drug uptake at the target sites of directed therapy provides important opportunity for increasing our understanding about the mode of action of drug activity within the disease environment. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co.