BioForest Technologies Inc.

Sault Ste. Marie, Canada

BioForest Technologies Inc.

Sault Ste. Marie, Canada
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Grimalt S.,Natural Resources Canada | Thompson D.,Natural Resources Canada | Chartrand D.,Natural Resources Canada | Mcfarlane J.,Natural Resources Canada | And 4 more authors.
Pest Management Science | Year: 2011

Background: Azadirachtins are natural insecticides derived from the neem tree. The emerald ash borer (EAB) is an exotic invasive insect pest that infests various ash tree species and has the potential for significant economic, aesthetic and ecological impacts throughout North America. The initial translocation and foliar residue dynamics of azadirachtins were examined following direct injection into white and green ash trees growing in urban scenarios as a potential control for EAB. RESULTS: Substantial concentrations of azadirachtins A and B [mean maxima > 0.98 mg kg -1 fresh weight (f.w.)] were observed within 2 days of injecting a specifically designed formulation of azadirachtins. Foliar residues declined exponentially through time, with half-life estimates ranging from 5.1 to 12.3 days. At the time of leaf senescence, foliar residue levels approximated 0.01 mg kg -1 f.w., strongly mitigating the potential effects of non-target biota in soil or aquatic compartments. CONCLUSION: The magnitude and duration of exposures observed in this field study were considered to be above the thresholds required for biological effectiveness against both larval and adult life stages of EAB. Results support the use of azadirachtins as an environmentally acceptable systemic insecticide for control of EAB and protection of high-value ash trees in urban environments. © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry.

Grimalt S.,Natural Resources Canada | Thompson D.G.,Natural Resources Canada | Coppens M.,Natural Resources Canada | Chartrand D.T.,Natural Resources Canada | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2011

A rapid and sensitive LC-ESI-MS method has been developed and validated for the quantitation of azadirachtin and 3-tigloylazadirachtol in deciduous tree matrices. The method involves automated extraction and simultaneous cleanup using an accelerated solvent technique with the matrix dispersed in solid phase over a layer of primary-secondary amine silica. The limits of quantification were 0.02 mg/kg for all matrices with the exception of Norway maple foliage (0.05 mg/kg). Validation at three levels (0.02, 0.1, and 1 mg/kg), demonstrated satisfactory recoveries (71-103%) with relative standard deviation <20%. Two in-source fragment ions were used for confirmation at levels above 0.1 mg/kg. Over a period of several months, quality control analyses showed the technique to be robust and effective in tracking the fate of these natural botanical insecticides following systemic injection into various tree species for control of invasive insect pest species such as the emerald ash borer and Asian longhorned beetle. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

Van Frankenhuyzen K.,Natural Resources Canada | Ryall K.,Natural Resources Canada | Liu Y.,Natural Resources Canada | Meating J.,Bioforest Technologies Inc. | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Invertebrate Pathology | Year: 2011

Microsporidia are believed to play little or no role in outbreaks of the jack pine budworm, Choristoneura pinus pinus Freeman (Lepidoptrera: Tortricidae), because the short duration (2-4. years) of those outbreaks may not permit significant build-up of the pathogen. We conducted the first survey of Nosema sp. (Microsporidia: Nosematidae) over the course of a recent jack pine budworm outbreak in Ontario. Between 2004 and 2010 the outbreak defoliated a cumulative total of 1.78 million ha. Microscopic examination of ~15,000 overwintering larvae collected over 6. years in sites with densities of 3 larvae per branch or more revealed widespread occurrence of Nosema at generally high infection intensities. The pathogen was present in 69.5% of the 518 plots that were monitored. Prevalence of infection was generally low (below 40% in 84% of plots with infected larvae) but reached high levels (80-95%) locally and increased rapidly in most infestations within 1-2. years of onset. We hypothesize that the habit of early-instar larvae to feed on developing male flowers (pollen cones) after spring emergence is critical in allowing rapid build-up of Nosema by increasing efficiency of horizontal transmission (higher density of both infected larvae and egested spores). Nosema infection may contribute to the complexity of jack pine budworm outbreak patterns by affecting egg recruitment and early-instar survival at the stand level in concert with known effects of budworm-induced reductions in pollen cone production on those processes. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

McKenzie N.,University of Guelph | Helson B.,Natural Resources Canada | Thompson D.,Natural Resources Canada | Otis C.,University of Guelph | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Economic Entomology | Year: 2010

The emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), an invasive pest discovered in North America in 2002, is now well established and threatens ash (Fraxinus spp.) trees throughout the continent. Experiments were conducted to 1) examine the efficacy of an alternative natural pesticide, azadirachtin, to control emerald ash borer, and 2) determine foliar uptake and dissipation patterns after systemic injections of azadirachtin into trunks of small (2.2 cm diameter at breast height [dbh]), uninfested green ash trees. We found no evidence of mortality of adult beetles. In contrast, fewer larvae completed their development at dose levels ≥1.7 mg (AI)/cm dbh and development ceased beyond the second instar at dose levels ≤13.6 mg (AI)/cm dbh. Substantial concentrations (11.2 g/g dry mass [SD = 7.55]) of azadirachtin were present in leaves within 7 d of treatment. After rapid initial uptake, concentrations in leaves declined logarithmically during the 55 d after injection. A similar pattern was observed in a separate experiment that examined the uptake and translocation of azadirachtin in larger green ash trees (22 cm dbh) treated with 250 mg (AI)/cm dbh with the EcoJect injection system. In another experiment, recently infested plantation green ash trees treated with doses ≥40 mg (AI)/cm dbh had significant reductions in adult emergence ≈1 yr postinjection. Given the inhibition of larval development, reduction of adult emergence, and the occurrence of foliar residues at biologically active concentrations, we conclude that azadirachtin is effective in protecting ash trees from emerald ash borer. © 2010 Entomological Society of America.

BioForest Technologies Inc. | Date: 2012-02-13

Pesticides. Retail and online retail store services featuring pesticides.

BioForest Technologies Inc. | Date: 2011-09-20


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