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Sant'Ambrogio di Torino, Italy

Santarelli M.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Barra S.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Sagnelli F.,BioEnergy Laboratory | Zitella P.,BioEnergy Laboratory
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2012

The paper deals with the energy analysis and optimization of a complete biomass-to-electricity energy pathway, starting from raw biomass towards the production of renewable electricity. The first step (biomass-to-biogas) is based on a real pilot plant located in Environment Park S.p.A. (Torino, Italy) with three main steps ((1) impregnation; (2) steam explosion; (3) enzymatic hydrolysis), completed by a two-step anaerobic fermentation. In the second step (biogas-to-electricity), the paper considers two technologies: internal combustion engines and a stack of solid oxide fuel cells. First, the complete pathway has been modeled and validated through experimental data. After, the model has been used for an analysis and optimization of the complete thermo-chemical and biological process, with the objective function of maximization of the energy balance at minimum consumption. The comparison between ICE and SOFC shows the better performance of the integrated plants based on SOFC. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Morra S.,University of Turin | Arizzi M.,University of Turin | Allegra P.,University of Turin | La Licata B.,BioEnergy Laboratory | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy | Year: 2014

[FeFe]-hydrogenases are the enzymes responsible for high yield H 2 production during dark fermentation in bio-hydrogen production plants. The culturable bacterial population present in a pilot-scale plant efficiently producing H2 from waste materials was isolated, classified and identified by means of 16S rDNA gene analysis. The culturable part of the mixed population consists of nine bacterial species that include non-hydrogen producers (Lactobacillus, Enterococcus and Staphylococcus) and several Clostridium that are directly responsible for H2 production. An extensive analysis of the expression of [FeFe]-hydrogenases in the three best producer strains was achieved by RT-PCR, covering the complete set of known genes for each species. This revealed that during H2 production there are several different [FeFe]-hydrogenases simultaneously expressed, with genes belonging to the same phylogenetic and structural classification sharing similar transcriptional profiles. © 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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