Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2011.3.7-1 | Award Amount: 10.29M | Year: 2012
Torrefaction is considered worldwide as a promising key technology for boosting large-scale implementation of bioenergy. It involves heating biomass in the absence of oxygen to a temperature of 200 to 320 C. As a result, the biomass looses all its moisture and becomes easy to grind and water resistant, which reduces the risk of spontaneous ignition and biological degradation and permits outdoor storage. By combining torrefaction with pelletisation or briquetting, biomass is converted into a high-energy-density commodity solid fuel or bioenergy carrier with superior properties in view of (long-distance) transport, handling and storage, and also in many major end-use applications (e.g., co-firing in pulverised-coal fired power plants, (co-)gasification in entrained-flow gasifiers and combustion in distributed pellet boilers. Moreover, torrefaction-based bioenergy carriers may form a good starting point for biorefinery routes. The current SECTOR project is focussed on the further development of torrefaction-based technologies for the production of solid bioenergy carriers up to pilot-plant scale and beyond and on supporting market introduction of torrefaction-based bioenergy carriers as a commodity renewable solid fuel. The core of the project concerns the further development of torrefaction and densification technology for a broad biomass feedstock range including clean woody biomass, forestry residues, agro-residues and imported biomass. Production recipes will be optimised on the basis of extensive logistics and end-use testing. Much attention will be given to the development, quality assurance and standardisation of dedicated analysis and test methods. The experimental work will be accompanied by extensive desk studies to define major biomass-to-end-use value chains, design deployment strategies and scenarios, and conduct a full sustainability assessment. The results will be fed into CEN/ISO working groups and international sustainability forums.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME-AG | Phase: SME-2011-2 | Award Amount: 4.01M | Year: 2012
Isolated incidents due to increased, toxic emissions in pellet storages have aroused great relevance and urgency on operational and customer safety in wood pellet supply chains. Reportedly two cases of death have occurred in large size vessels for ocean transportation and in harbour facilities. Another three incidents were reported in end-users storage rooms, the last of which resulted in the death of a German engineer. Furthermore, measurements in pellet storages show significantly increased CO concentrations for a relevant number of storages. Until now a definitive cause for increased CO concentration could not be found. Within this project the different approaches and results on safety in pellet supply chains are linked with each other and integrated to a supranational scope. This is of great importance as pellet markets are no longer isolated, but increasingly grow to international resource flows. In this regard, decisive parameters like the amount of off-gasses and the potential for self-heating related to the time from pellet production to end use as well as the raw material composition of pellets resulting from their origin have to be investigated within international scope. The proposed project aims to answer the question, where and under which conditions off-gassing and self-heating from biomass pellets occurs and what measures can be undertaken to reduce these risks. In turn, this project will end out into a draft for setting an international standard on safety measures and inspection methods along the whole pellets supply chain (e.g. by developing Material Safety Data Sheets for wood pellets). This safety issue is decisive for the further extension of pellets markets and thereby reflects high relevance for all enterprises in the pellet utilisation chain.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME-AG | Phase: SME-2011-2 | Award Amount: 2.02M | Year: 2012
The utilisation of renewable energy sources is a considerable contribution to the EU 2020 targets, and the utilisation of solid biomass for heat production is of great relevance in this regard. The market for solid biofuels is growing rapidly, and the demand for raw materials is increasing. Consequently it is aimed at extending the raw material basis for biofuel production covering also wooden materials of lower quality as well as agricultural raw materials and residues, which often show unfavourable ash melting properties. The ash fusion test is the only standardised method currently available to assess the ash melting behaviour of solid biomass, but the significance of this test is frequently criticised, in particular the applicability for low-quality wood or non-wooden biomass. Thus a respective normative regulation has not been included in the EN 14961-2, which is considered a major drawback for future development of the high quality end consumer market for wood pellets. A number of alternative test methods have been developed to predict the ash melting properties of biomass fuels, but predictions and test results have scarcely been evaluated regarding their significance with regard to the practical performance of the fuels during combustion. The objectives of the AshMelT project are to - Develop a test method for the assessment of the ash melting characteristics of solid biofuels - Specify ash melting classes for solid biofuels - Work out a proposal for a European standard for the developed test method - Develop a proposal for the implementation of the developed procedure as a testing reference in the ENplus wood pellets label To meet the above specified objectives laboratory experiments and combustion experiments are conducted by RTD institutions from all over Europe. Results are validated by external laboratories in a Round Robin test and by combustion tests conducted by RTD performers and boiler manufacturers.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2011-1.1.15. | Award Amount: 11.05M | Year: 2011
Enhancing biomass utilization without risking its sustainability is a European energy priority, and can be linked to targets for curbing greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2020 and 50% by 2050: enhanced energy security and integration with other industrial sectors, such as agriculture, also play a role. Improved use of biofuels and products in advanced biomass conversion units and biorefineries are seen as a key element in achieving this goal. In recent years leading industrial nations have established facilities in which their researchers have addressed the challenges associated with the production of biofuels and the establishment of bio-refineries. There remains fragmentation in terms of access to high-level experimental equipment necessary for achieving significant advances in this field. The BRISK initiative will integrate networking activities to foster a culture of co-operation between the participants in the project, and the scientific communities benefiting from access to the research infrastructures, with the pursuit of joint research activities, and facilitate transnational access by researchers to one or more infrastructures among those operated by participants in a coordinated way so as to improve the overall services available to the research communities with interests in these fields.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2012-1 | Award Amount: 1.05M | Year: 2012
The aim of the project is the development of a thermochemical pre-treatment technology to increase the gas yield of brewers spent grains during an anaerobic digestion process. Thermochemical pre-treatment will be realised in a pressure vessel by addition of sulphuric acid. Pre-treatment of organic biomass will lead to a break down of the complex lignocellulose structure and release oligomeric/monomeric carbohydrate units which will then be better available for degradation by anaerobic digestion. This leads to improved utilization of the substrate and to a higher gas yield per tonne substrate inserted. After the pre-treatment the hydrolysate is digested in multi-stage biogas system. During anaerobic digestion H2S is formed out of sulphur containing compounds of the substrate by the anaerobic and facultative anaerobic bacteria. H2S is volatile and will be found in the biogas. Because of the fact that sulphuric acid is used in the pretreatment step, the H2S concentrations in the biogas will be increased. A clean up of the biogas is in all cases inevitable before feed in into e.g. a gas engine. The gas cleaning will be realised by using a trickle bed system. Here H2S will be converted into H2SO4 by microbiological desulphurisation process. The H2SO4 solution can be recovered for the thermochemical pre-treatment process. After lab scale investigation, a demonstration plant will be constructed and the process will be evaluated at two different breweries. For further application TherChem process will be tested on 5 different substrates in lab scale.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME-AG | Phase: SME-2013-2 | Award Amount: 2.94M | Year: 2013
Existing test standards for biomass room heating appliances (pellet and firewood stoves, and inset appliances) have supported technology development tremendously in past decades. Due to todays changing and more demanding requirements, however, there is the obvious need for refined testing procedures in order to differentiate between poor and excellent products. Such differentiation should take into account operating conditions as they are found in real life installations. Offering such information to customers will create substantial competitive advantages to innovative SMEs providing high quality products and may provide a reliable guideline for future standards or regulations. The key objectives of BeReal are - Development of advanced testing methods for room biomass heating appliances to better reflect real life operation - Development of a centralized standard evaluation tool for quality assurance purposes - Validation of methods at an early stage of development - Proof of real life impact of advanced products by field test demonstration - Proof of reliability and reproducibility of testing methods and evaluation tools through a Round Robin test - Development and introduction of a quality label based on the novel testing methods These are accompanied by dissemination activities addressing standardization bodies, SME-members of participating SME-AGs and notified bodies, including training activities for the latter two groups. The introduction of the quality label addresses end users and general public. The consortium consists of 2 national and 1 European SME-AG, 7 OTHER participants (3 SME stove manufacturers, 1 SME component supplier, 1 SME certification supplier, 2 large industry stove manufacturers) and 5 RTDs of high international reputation. SME-AGs will be supported by their members. 3 participants are notified bodies, several participants are involved in leading positions in concerned standardization groups, amongst others in CEN TC295 WG5 and in CEN TC46. Additional stakeholders are involved in an Advisory Committee.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2010.4.2-1 | Award Amount: 6.73M | Year: 2011
The BioMaxEff proposal aims at the demonstration of ultra-low emission and highest efficiency performance small scale biomass boilers under real life operation. The demonstrated technologies will fulfil the requirements of three substantially different market sectors, namely boiler exchange, refurbishment, and new buildings. The boiler exchange and refurbishment markets are addressed with an outstanding natural draught log wood boiler and a product series of a 10 to 26 kW (and 60 kW) pellets boiler, and a 6 to 12 kW pellets boiler. The pellets boilers are demonstrated solely or in combination with modular built secondary components, such as a flue gas heat exchanger, an electrostatic precipitator and the combination of both. The investigated boilers are characterized by outstanding behaviour regarding load change. This allows the optimum integration with ventilation components for energy recovery to energetically optimize the energetic performance of buildings. Integrated solutions will be demonstrated in pre-fabricated houses to highlight the substantial potential for seasonal efficiency increase and emission reduction in this field. The chosen system approach of the BioMaxEff consortium rather than an isolated product optimization and demonstration approach consequently is: Perform an analysis of framework conditions and market needs Develop seasonal efficiency and emission factor determination methods for the test stand and field testing Demonstrate and optimize considered technologies and components under test stand conditions Demonstrate and optimize system solutions by integrating components into buildings Demonstrate the performance of system by a wide spread field monitoring with sold installations (> 2.300) Accompany the demonstration and optimization with R&D activities where necessary Perform an overall environmental impact assessment Dissemination of results The consortium consists of 13 partners from 8 European countries.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SPIRE-05-2015 | Award Amount: 5.96M | Year: 2015
The integration of reaction and downstream processing steps into a single unit is of central importance in order to achieve a new level of process intensification for catalytic driven and eco-friendly reaction systems. This disruptive technology concept has the ability to reduce the total energy consumption of large volume industrial processes by up to 78%. Additionally, emissions can be reduced by up to 90% To achieve this, HOMOGENEOUS catalysts are supported on membranes. Embedding the homogeneous catalysts in thin films of non-volatile ionic liquids (SILP technology) will maintain their catalytic abilities as in the homogeneous phase while the anchoring directly on the membrane ensures a most efficient separation. The new technology concept will be proven by two prominent large volume reaction types: a) Processes with undesired consecutive reactions like hydroformylation and b) Equilibrium driven reactions like water gas shift (WGS) reaction. These processes for bulk chemicals and bio energy applications have been chosen to demonstrate the high impact of the ROMEO technology in an industrial near environment. Nonetheless, it is a core task to also get a detailed understanding of the general processes on a molecular level for the different required functionalities. One achievement will therefore be to provide a modelling tool-box that can be applied to any other process in order to check the benefits of the ROMEO technology for a specific reaction in a short time. The ROMEO reactor methodology allows being highly flexible and adapting to both different process and volume requirements. An increase in production volume can then be achieved by a simple numbering up of reactor modules.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: ENERGY.2013.3.7.2 | Award Amount: 579.15K | Year: 2013
Biofuels have a key role in the energy and climate strategy of the EU. So far they are the only renewable energy carrier which contributes significantly to the energy demand of the transport sector. In the medium term this will continue at least for sectors such as heavy duty road transport and aviation. Since 2006, the European Biofuels Technology Platform (EBTP) supports the development of cost-competitive world-class biofuels value chains and the acceleration of their sustainable deployment in the EU. The objective of the EBTP-SABS project is to provide support to all activities of EBTP which are of interest to the biofuels community as a whole and the general public. This includes information about technological, market, political, regulatory and financial developments and deployment activities such as the set-up, commissioning and operation of pilot and demonstration facilities and surrounding research. A main focus will be to support the European Industrial Bioenergy Initiative (EIBI) and facilitate the implementation and possible update of the EBTP Strategic Research Agenda. EBTP-SABS will motivate discussion and interaction between various groups of stakeholders and the working groups of EBTP on hot topics relating to the accelerated deployment of the most promising value chains for advanced biofuels. Informing the biofuels debate with scientifically correct, unbiased information will serve all biofuel stakeholders. The information will be provided at several levels of detail: general information to support those entering the biofuels community as well as the general public; more detailed information to support research or deployment activities; and links to research projects, demonstration facilities, external reports, stakeholders and training courses to support those who actively seek to implement biofuels technologies. Key instruments to achieve this aim will be the EBTP website, factsheets, reports, newsletters and networking events at different scales.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: LCE-36-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 599.11K | Year: 2016
The overarching aim of the Energy Union by 2030 and 2050 is a secure, affordable, competitive, efficient and decarbonised European energy system. Bioenergy is flexible and storable has a key role in providing all forms of energy in such a system. This project aims to support the contributions of biofuel and bioenergy stakeholders to the Energy Union and, more specifically, the Strategic Energy Technology (SET)-Plan. The project will assist the European Biofuels Technology Platform (EBTP), which, following decisions taken in the frame of the new SET-Plan governance in 2015, is currently preparing for the transition to a European Technology and Innovation Platform Bioenergy (ETIP Bioenergy), in providing these contributions. Key elements are to facilitate contributions to the SET-Plan activities and strategy, e.g. on renewable energy integration, technology cost reduction and upscaling defining priorities, strategies, R&I investment decisions and programmes; collaboration between stakeholders in addressing energy system integration challenges; identification of technical and non-technical barriers to the delivery of innovation to the energy market; assistance to the European Commission and Member States in defining the research programmes, financial instruments, and addressing the mentioned barriers for the areas of advanced biofuels and bioenergy. Building on a 10 year track of support to EBTP, the ETIP Bioenergy-SABS project will aim at an increased cohesion of bioenergy stakeholders by motivating discussion and interaction on hot topics related to advanced and innovative bioenergy. Key instruments to achieve this aim will be the ETIP Bioenergy website, factsheets, reports, newsletters and networking events at different scales. The project will compile scientifically sound, fact based information on technical and non-technical bioenergy issues.