Satoh J.-I.,Meiji Pharmaceutical University |
Kino Y.,Meiji Pharmaceutical University |
Niida S.,Biobank Omics Unit
Biomarker Insights | Year: 2015
Background: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia with no curative therapy currently available. Establishment of sensi-tive and non-invasive biomarkers that promote an early diagnosis of AD is crucial for the effective administration of disease-modifying drugs. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) mediate posttranscriptional repression of numerous target genes. Aberrant regulation of miRNA expression is implicated in AD pathogenesis, and circulating miRNAs serve as potential biomarkers for AD. However, data analysis of numerous AD-specific miRNAs derived from small RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) is most often laborious.Methods: To identify circulating miRNA biomarkers for AD, we reanalyzed a publicly available small RNA-Seq dataset, composed of blood samples derived from 48 AD patients and 22 normal control (NC) subjects, by a simple web-based miRNA data analysis pipeline that combines omiRas and DIANA miRPath.Results: By using omiRas, we identified 27 miRNAs expressed differentially between both groups, including upregulation in AD of miR-26b-3p, miR-28–3p, miR-30c-5p, miR-30d-5p, miR-148b-5p, miR-151a-3p, miR-186–5p, miR-425–5p, miR-550a-5p, miR-1468, miR-4781–3p, miR-5001–3p, and miR-6513–3p and downregulation in AD of let-7a-5p, let-7e-5p, let-7f-5p, let-7g-5p, miR-15a-5p, miR-17–3p, miR-29b-3p, miR-98–5p, miR-144–5p, miR-148a-3p, miR-502–3p, miR-660–5p, miR-1294, and miR-3200–3p. DIANA miRPath indicated that miRNA-regulated pathways potentially down-regulated in AD are linked with neuronal synaptic functions, while those upregulated in AD are implicated in cell survival and cellular communication.Conclusions: The simple web-based miRNA data analysis pipeline helps us to effortlessly identify candidates for miRNA biomarkers and pathways of AD from the complex small RNA-Seq data. © the authors, publisher and licensee Libertas Academica Limited.
Moriwaki S.,National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology |
Moriwaki S.,Biobank Omics Unit |
Suzuki K.,Showa University |
Muramatsu M.,National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology |
And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014
Anthocyanins, one of the flavonoid subtypes, are a large family of water-soluble phytopigments and have a wide range of health-promoting benefits. Recently, an anthocyanin-rich compound from blueberries was reported to possess protective property against bone loss in ovariectomized (OVX) animal models. However, the active ingredients in the anthocyanin compound have not been identified. Here we show that delphinidin, one of the major anthocyanidins in berries, is a potent active ingredient in anti-osteoporotic bone resorption through the suppression of osteoclast formation. In vitro examinations revealed that delphinidin treatment markedly inhibited the differentiation of RAW264.7 cells into osteoclasts compared with other anthocyanidins, cyanidin and peonidin. Oral administration of delphinidin significantly prevented bone loss in both RANKL-induced osteoporosis model mice and OVX model mice. We further provide evidence that delphinidin suppressed the activity of NF-κB, c-fos, and Nfatc1, master transcriptional factors for osteoclastogenesis. These results strongly suggest that delphinidin is the most potent inhibitor of osteoclast differentiation and will be an effective agent for preventing bone loss in postmenopausal osteoporosis. © 2014 Moriwaki et al.
Kamita M.,National Cancer Center Research Institute |
Mori T.,Biobank Omics Unit |
Sakai Y.,NCGG |
Ito S.,NCGG |
And 7 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2015
Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a syndromic degenerative spinal disease and is characterized by spinal canal narrowing with subsequent neural compression causing gait disturbances. Although LSS is a major age-related musculoskeletal disease that causes large decreases in the daily living activities of the elderly, its molecular pathology has not been investigated using proteomics. Thus, we used several proteomic technologies to analyze the ligamentum flavum (LF) of individuals with LSS. Using comprehensive proteomics with strong cation exchange fractionation, we detected 1288 proteins in these LF samples. A GO analysis of the comprehensive proteome revealed that more than 30% of the identified proteins were extracellular. Next, we used 2D image converted analysis of LC/MS to compare LF obtained from individuals with LSS to that obtained from individuals with disc herniation (nondegenerative control). We detected 64 781 MS peaks and identified 1675 differentially expressed peptides derived from 286 proteins. We verified four differentially expressed proteins (fibronectin, serine protease HTRA1, tenascin, and asporin) by quantitative proteomics using SRM/MRM. The present proteomic study is the first to identify proteins from degenerated and hypertrophied LF in LSS, which will help in studying LSS. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Kawazoe Y.,Hiroshima University |
Miyauchi M.,Hiroshima University |
Nagasaki A.,Hiroshima University |
Furusho H.,Hiroshima University |
And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015
Background: Cholestatic liver diseases exhibit higher levels of serum γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and incidence of secondary osteoporosis. GGT has been identified as a novel bone-resorbing factor that stimulates osteoclast formation. The aim of this study was to elucidate the interaction of elevated GGT levels and cholestatic liver disease-induced bone loss. Methods: Wistar rats were divided into three groups: sham-operated control (SO) rats, bile duct ligation (BDL) rats, and anti-GGT antibody-treated BDL rats (AGT). Serum GGT level was measured. Bone mineral density (BMD) was analyzed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Bone morphometric parameters and microarchitectural properties were determined by micro-computed tomography and histomorphometry of the distal metaphysis of femurs. Alterations of bone metabolism-related factors were evaluated by cytokine array. Effects of GGT on osteoblasts or stromal cells were evaluated by RT-PCR, enzyme activity, and mineralization ability. Results: Serum levels of GGT were significantly elevated in the BDL-group. In the BDL group, BMD, bone mass percentage, and osteoblast number were significantly decreased, whereas osteoclast number was significantly increased. These alterations were markedly attenuated in the AGT group. The mRNA levels of vascular endothelial growth factor-A, LPS-induced CXC chemokine, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, tumor necrosis factor-α interleukin-1β and receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand were upregulated, and those of interferon-γ and osteoprotegerin were downregulated in the GGT-treated stromal cells. Furthermore, GGT inhibited mineral nodule formation and expression of alkaline phosphatase and bone sialo-protein in osteoblastic cells. Conclusion: Our results indicate that elevated GGT level is involved in hepatic osteodystrophy through secretion of bone resorbing factor from GGT-stimulated osteoblasts/bone marrow stromal cells. In addition, GGT also possesses suppressive effects on bone formation. Managing elevated GGT levels by anti-GGT antibody may become a novel therapeutic agent for hepatic osteodystrophy in chronic liver diseases. © 2015 Kawazoe et al.