Systematic Verification of Bioanalytical Similarity Between a Biosimilar and a Reference Biotherapeutic: Committee Recommendations for the Development and Validation of a Single Ligand-Binding Assay to Support Pharmacokinetic Assessments
Marini J.C.,Janssen Research and Development LLC |
Anderson M.,BDS Immunoassay Services |
Cai X.-Y.,Merck Ltd. |
Chappell J.,CPR Pharma Services Pty Ltd |
And 7 more authors.
For biosimilar drug development, it is critical to demonstrate similar physiochemical characteristics, efficacy, and safety of the biosimilar product compared to the reference product. Therefore, pharmacokinetic (PK) and immunogenicity (antidrug antibody, ADA) assays that allow for the demonstration of biosimilarity are critical. Under the auspices of the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) Ligand-Binding Assay Bioanalytical Focus Group (LBABFG), a Biosimilars Action Program Committee (APC) was formed in 2011. The goals of this Biosimilars APC were to provide a forum for in-depth discussions on issues surrounding the development and validation of PK and immunogenicity assays in support of biosimilar drug development and to make recommendations thereof. The Biosimilars APC’s recommendations for the development and validation of ligand-binding assays (LBAs) to support the PK assessments for biosimilar drug development are presented here. Analytical recommendations for the development and validation of LBAs to support immunogenicity assessments will be the subject of a separate white paper. © 2014, American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists. Source
Lowes S.,Advion BioServices Inc. |
Jersey J.,Agilux Laboratories |
Shoup R.,AIT Bioscience |
Garofolo F.,Algorithme Pharma Inc. |
And 34 more authors.
The Global CRO Council for Bioanalysis (GCC) was formed in September 2010. Since then, the representatives of the member companies come together periodically to openly discuss bioanalysis and the regulatory challenges unique to the outsourcing industry. The 4th GCC Closed Forum brought together experts from bioanalytical CROs to share and discuss recent issues in regulated bioanalysis, such as the impact of coadministered drugs on stability, some differences between European Medicines Agency and US FDA bioanalytical guidance documents and lessons learned following recent Untitled Letters. Recent 483s and agency findings, as well as issues on method carryover, were also part of the topics discussed. © 2012 Future Science Ltd. Source
Patel K.,Duke Clinical Research Institute |
Patel K.,University of Sydney |
Remlinger K.S.,Glaxosmithkline |
Walker T.G.,OpGen |
And 7 more authors.
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Background & Aims: Noninvasive tests cannot differentiate between adjacent stages of fibrosis, which limits assessment of disease progression and regression during therapy. We investigated whether levels of cytokines and extracellular matrix proteins in serum and biopsy samples can be used to determine actual stage of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and in prognosis. Methods: We collected data from 383 treatment-naive patients with CHC from the Duke Hepatology Clinical Research Database and Biorepository, from 2006 through 2009, for use in the training set. Serum samples were obtained from 100 individuals without CHC (controls). We selected 37 serum biomarkers for customized array analysis by using the SearchLight multiplex sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Data from 434 treatment-naive patients with CHC, which were obtained from the Trent HCV cohort, were used in the validation analysis. Multivariable modeling, marker selection, and validation included randomForest and Obuchowski measures, with independent comparison with FibroSURE. Results: Four serum markers (levels of hyaluronic acid, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, alpha-2 macroglobulin, and retinol-binding protein 4) and age associated with fibrosis stage (F0-1, F2-3, or F4); these had Obuchowski measures of 0.85-0.89, with misclassification rates of 38% and 29% in training and validation sets, compared with 50% for the FibroSURE test. In the training set, area under the curve values for the multiplex markers were similar to those from the FibroSURE test: stages F0 vs F1 (0.51 vs 0.53), F1 vs F2 (0.60 vs 0.59), F2 vs F3 (0.69 vs 0.72), and F3 vs F4 (0.51 vs 0.52). Area under the curve values were similar in the validation cohort. In longitudinal analyses of 133 paired biopsies, 9 markers (level of alanine aminotransferase, γ-glutamyltransferase, hyaluronic acid, intracellular adhesion molecule 1, interleukin 4, CXCL10, CXCL9, and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1) were associated with change in the histologic activity index (P values ranging from .000 to .049), and 4 (granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, interleukin 12, interleukin 2, and matrix metalloproteinase 13) were associated with a change in fibrosis stage (P values ranging from .001 to .042). Conclusions: We identified serum biomarkers that can be measured by multiplex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to determine levels of fibrosis in patients with CHC, although misclassification is frequent and results are comparable with those from the FibroSURE test. Changes in protein levels in biopsy samples were associated with progression of fibrosis in patients. © 2014 AGA Institute. Source
Bower J.,Covance |
Fast D.,Covance |
Garofolo F.,Algorithme Pharma Inc. |
Gouty D.,Intertek |
And 61 more authors.
The 8th GCC Closed Forum for Bioanalysis was held in Baltimore, MD, USA on 5 December 2013, immediately following the 2013 AAPS Workshop (Crystal City V): Quantitative Bioanalytical Methods Validation and Implementation - The 2013 Revised FDA Guidance. This GCC meeting was organized to discuss the contents of the draft revised FDA Guidance on bioanalytical method validation that was published in September 2013 and consolidate the feedback of the GCC members. In attendance were 63 senior-level participants, from seven countries, representing 46 bioanalytical CRO companies/sites. This event represented a unique opportunity for CRO bioanalytical experts to share their opinions and concerns regarding the draft FDA Guidance, and to build unified comments to be provided to the FDA. © 2014 Future Science Ltd. Source
Amaravadi L.,BiogenIdec |
Song A.,Genentech |
Myler H.,Bristol Myers Squibb |
Thway T.,Amgen Inc. |
And 45 more authors.
The 2015 9th Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (9th WRIB) took place in Miami, Florida with participation of 600 professionals from pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations and regulatory agencies worldwide. WRIB was once again a 5 day, week-long event-A Full Immersion Bioanalytical Week-specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest in bioanalysis. The topics covered included both small and large molecules, and involved LCMS, hybrid LBA/LCMS and LBA approaches, including the focus on biomarkers and immunogenicity. This 2015 White Paper encompasses recommendations emerging from the extensive discussions held during the workshop, and is aimed to provide the bioanalytical community with key information and practical solutions on topics and issues addressed, in an effort to enable advances in scientific excellence, improved quality and better regulatory compliance. Due to its length, the 2015 edition of this comprehensive White Paper has been divided into three parts. Part 3 discusses the recommendations for large molecule bioanalysis using LBA, biomarkers and immunogenicity. Part 1 (small molecule bioanalysis using LCMS) and Part 2 (hybrid LBA/LCMS and regulatory inputs from major global health authorities) have been published in volume 7, issues 22 and 23 of Bioanalysis, respectively. © 2015 Future Science Ltd. Source