Hwang S.-J.,KAIST |
Hwang S.-J.,Bio Randnter |
Yoon S.K.,Bio Randnter |
Koh G.Y.,KAIST |
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2011
To maximize the production of flag-tagged cartilage oligomeric matrix protein angiopoietin-1 (FCA1) from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, the effects of culture pH and temperature on cell growth and FCA1 production were investigated. Cells were cultivated in a bioreactor at different culture pH (6.7, 6.9, 7.2, and 7.5) and temperatures (33 and 37 °C). Lowering the culture temperature suppressed cell growth while allowing maintenance of high cell viability for a longer culture period. The specific FCA1 productivity (q FCA1) was increased at low culture temperature. Accordingly, the highest FCA1 concentration was obtained at pH 7.2 and 33 °C, and was approximately 4.0-fold higher than that at pH 7.2 and 37 °C. However, aggregates and a monomeric form of FCA1, which are undesirable due to reduced biological activity or immunogenicity, were significant at pH 7.2 and 33 °C. It was also found that the expression pattern of FCA1 was affected more significantly by culture pH than by the culture temperature. FCA1 aggregation dramatically decreased at culture pH 7.5 regardless of the culture temperature. Furthermore, the monomeric form of FCA1 was not observed. Taken together, optimization of culture temperature and culture pH (33 °C and pH 7.5) significantly improves the production of biologically active FCA1 with tetrameric or pentameric forms from CHO cells. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.
Hong J.K.,Bio Randnter |
Cho S.M.,Bio Randnter |
Yoon S.K.,Bio Randnter
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2010
The effect of ammonia on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell growth and galactosylation of recombinant immunoglobulin (rIgG) was investigated using shaking flasks with serum free media containing 0-15 mM NH4Cl. The elevated ammonia inhibited cell growth and negatively affected the galactosylation of rIgG. At 15 mM NH4Cl, the proportions of monogalactosylated glycan with fucosex (monogalactosylated glycan with fucose) and digalactosylated glycan with fucose (G2F) were 23.9% and 6.3% lower than those at 0 mM NH4Cl, respectively. To reduce ammonia formation by cells, glutamate was examined as a substitute for glutamine. The use of glutamate reduced the accumulation of ammonia and enhanced the production of rIgG while depressing cell growth. At 6 mM glutamate, ammonia level did not exceed 2 mM, which is only one third of that at 6 mM glutamine. Also, a 1.7-fold increase in the titer of rIgG and specific rIgG productivity, qrIgG, was achieved at 6 mM glutamate. The galactosylation of rIgG was favorable at 6 mM glutamate. The proportion of galactosylated glycans, G1F and G2F, at 6 mM glutamate was 59.8%, but it was 50.4% at 6 mM glutamine. The use of glutamate also increased complement-dependent cytotoxicity activity, one of the effector functions of rIgG. Taken together, substitution of glutamine by glutamate can be considered relevant for the production of rIgG in CHO cells since glutamate not only enhances qrIgG but also generates a higher galactosylation essential for the effector function of rIgG. © Springer-Verlag 2010.