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Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Pagliusi S.,DCVMN International | Leite L.C.C.,Instituto Butantan | Datla M.,Biological E Ltd | Makhoana M.,The Biovac Institute | And 5 more authors.

The Developing Countries Vaccine Manufacturers Network (DCVMN) is a unique model of a public and private international alliance. It assembles governmental and private organizations to work toward a common goal of manufacturing and supplying high-quality vaccines at affordable prices to protect people around the world from known and emerging infectious diseases. Together, this group of manufacturers has decades of experience in manufacturing vaccines, with technologies, know-how, and capacity to produce more than 40 vaccines types. These manufacturers have already contributed more than 30 vaccines in various presentations that have been prequalified by the World Health Organization for use by global immunization programmes. Furthermore, more than 45 vaccines are in the pipeline. Recent areas of focus include vaccines to protect against rotavirus, human papillomavirus (HPV), Japanese encephalitis, meningitis, hepatitis E, poliovirus, influenza, and pertussis, as well as combined pentavalent vaccines for children. The network has a growing number of manufacturers that produce a growing number of products to supply the growing demand for vaccines in developing countries. © 2013 . Source

Johri A.K.,Jawaharlal Nehru University | Lata H.,Jawaharlal Nehru University | Yadav P.,Jawaharlal Nehru University | Dua M.,Jawaharlal Nehru University | And 8 more authors.

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) causes pneumonia, meningitis and sepsis in neonates. The current distribution pattern of GBS serotypes in developing countries such as India, China and Brazil is not clear. In order to appropriately plan for vaccination programs to address the burden of this disease in these countries, prospective population based studies are urgently needed. In our discussions, we focused on India, China and Brazil because of the membership of our workgroup, but data on other countries are also presented here. Further studies in developing countries are needed so as to better formulate appropriate public health interventions. © 2013 . Source

de Menezes Martins R.,Bio Manguinhos Fiocruz | Curran B.,PATH | Maia M.D.L.S.,Bio Manguinhos Fiocruz | Ribeiro M.D.G.T.,Bio Manguinhos Fiocruz | And 12 more authors.
Contemporary Clinical Trials

This study aimed to determine if immunogenicity to measles-mumps-rubella vaccine delivered to infants via a disposable-syringe jet injector (DSJI) was non-inferior to that administered by needle and syringe (NS). Vaccination safety was evaluated, as were the use, performance, and acceptability of each delivery method. The DSJI was the PharmaJet® 2009 generation-1 device (G1) and the vaccine was measles-mumps-rubella vaccine from Bio-Manguinhos. Five hundred eighty-two healthy Brazilian infants were randomized to receive vaccine via G1 or NS. Seroconversion rates against measles and mumps viruses in the G1 treatment group did not meet non-inferiority criteria when compared with the NS group; however, responses in the G1 group to rubella virus were non-inferior to those of NS vaccinees. Most adverse events were mild or moderate. Crying after injection was more frequent in the NS group, and local skin reactions were more common in the G1 group. Five serious adverse events were judged causally unrelated to treatment and all resolved. Parents/guardians expressed a strong preference for G1 over NS for their children. Vaccinators found the G1 easy to use but noted incomplete vaccine delivery in some cases. Although the G1 has been superseded by an updated device, our results are important for the continued improvement and evaluation of DSJIs, which have the potential to overcome many of the challenges and risks associated with needle-based injections worldwide. Recommendations for future DSJI clinical studies include rigorous training of vaccinators, quantitative measurement of wetness on the skin following injection, and regular monitoring of device and vaccinator performance. © 2014. Source

Cavalcanti M.G.A.M.,University of Pernambuco | Silva E.D.,Bio Manguinhos Fiocruz | Ferreira A.G.P.,Bio Manguinhos Fiocruz
Human Immunology

Previous works of our research group have demonstrated aspects of the humoral immune response of chronic Chagas disease using the cytoplasmatic repetitive antigen (CRA) and the flagellar repetitive antigen (FRA) of Trypanosoma cruzi. The aim of this work was to analyze the presence of specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies in chronic chagasic patients using these recombinant antigens of T. cruzi. The positivity of IgM in chronic chagasic patients against CRA and FRA antigens was determined by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We reported no statistical significant differences between the levels of IgM for both recombinant antigens and the different chronic clinical forms of Chagas disease. However, a small proportion of chronic chagasic patients analyzed in this study was positive for this antibody isotype. The findings of this study indicate that the IgM antibodies cannot be used to elucidate the differences in the profile of humoral immune response among chronic chagasic patients with different clinical forms using the CRA and FRA recombinant antigens of T. cruzi. © 2011 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Source

Vasconcelos R.H.T.,Instituto Aggeu Magalhaes Fiocruz | Amaral F.N.,Instituto Aggeu Magalhaes Fiocruz | Cavalcanti M.G.A.M.,University of Pernambuco | Silva E.D.,Bio Manguinhos Fiocruz | And 3 more authors.
Human Immunology

In the chronic phase of Chagas disease, individuals infected by Trypanosoma cruzi may be asymptomatic or may present cardiac and/or digestive complications. Our aim here was to analyze the relationship between the presence of specific immunoglobulin A antibodies and the different chronic clinical forms of Chagas disease using two recombinant antigens of Trypanosoma cruzi, cytoplasmatic repetitive antigen and flagellar repetitive antigen. The association of this immunoglobulin isotype with the digestive and cardio-digestive forms of the disease determined by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, strongly suggests that IgA antibodies against these recombinant antigens of T. cruzi can be used as an immunological marker of the digestive alterations caused by Chagas disease. The tests performed in this study show that it is possible to differentiate digestive forms of Chagas disease. The knowledge provided by these results may help physicians to manage early alterations in the digestive tract of patients with the indeterminate or cardiac forms of Chagas disease. Prospective studies, however, with follow-up of the patients that presenting with high levels of immunoglobulin A against cytoplasmatic repetitive antigen and flagellar repetitive antigen recombinant antigens, need to be conducted to confirm this hypothesis. © 2010 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Source

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