PubMed | University of Zürich, Bio Imaging Unit, Northumbria University and Newcastle University
Type: | Journal: American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology | Year: 2016
Kembhavi S.A.,Tata Memorial Center |
Rangarajan V.,Bio Imaging Unit |
Shah S.,Bio Imaging Unit |
Qureshi S.,Tata Memorial Center |
And 7 more authors.
Clinical Radiology | Year: 2014
Aim To assess the diagnostic accuracy of whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) for metastatic disease in patients with solid small round cell tumours (SRCT) by comparing it with routine staging procedures (standard of care). Materials and methods Eligible cases of neuroblastoma, primitive neuroectodermal tumour, and rhabdomyosarcoma were enrolled in the study after obtaining informed consent. WB-MRI was undertaken using overlapping coronal T1 and short-tau inversion recovery (STIR) sequences. Lesions were classified into skeletal, pulmonary, and soft-tissue types. Conventional staging, which consisted of combined positron-emission tomography & computed tomography (PET-CT), bone scintigraphy & bone marrow biopsy for bone metastases, CT thorax for lung metastases, combined PET-CT, metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy (in neuroblastoma) for soft tissue metastases and clinical evaluation was used as the reference standard. Parameters for diagnostic accuracy were calculated. Results Thirty-four out of forty patients enrolled were included in final analysis, half of them having metastatic disease. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, and the diagnostic accuracy of WB-MRI and PET-CT for skeletal metastases as compared to reference standard were 91.9%, 99.8%, 97.4%, 99.6%, and 95.5% and 99.1%, 99.9%, 99.1%, 99.9%, and 99.9%, respectively. The sensitivity of MRI, only PET and PET-CT with plain CT thorax was 30%, 40%, and 100%, respectively, for lung metastases. The sensitivity of MRI for soft-tissue lesions was 76.9%. Conclusion WB-MRI is a radiation-free tool with high diagnostic accuracy for the evaluation of metastatic disease to the marrow. The rate of detection of soft-tissue metastases, such as nodal metastases, is less when WB-MRI is compared with conventional staging using coronal STIR images. CT thorax is essential for accurate evaluation of lung metastases. © 2014 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Gupta T.,ACTREC TMH |
Jain S.,ACTREC TMH |
Agarwal J.P.,ACTREC TMH |
Rangarajan V.,Bio Imaging Unit |
And 3 more authors.
Radiotherapy and Oncology | Year: 2010
Purpose: To prospectively assess diagnostic performance of response assessment fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) in patients with HNSCC treated with high-precision definitive (chemo)radiation. Methods: Fifty-seven patients treated on a prospective clinical trial having post-treatment response assessment FDG-PET/CT scans were included. Clinico-pathologic findings and follow-up information was considered as reference standard. Results: First response assessment FDG-PET/CT was done at a median of 9 weeks (inter-quartile range 8-10 weeks) from completion of treatment. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy of first response assessment FDG-PET/CT for identifying residual disease at primary site was 50%, 91.8%, 50%, 91.8%, and 86%. The corresponding figures for the neck were 62.5%, 98%, 83.3%, 94.1%, and 93%. With a median follow-up of 26 months (range 7-45 months), the 3-year loco-regional control (83.9% vs 58.3%, p = 0.001) and overall survival (68.8% vs 58.3%, p = 0.063) was significantly better in patients with negative response assessment scans. Conclusion: The overall diagnostic accuracy of response assessment FDG-PET/CT is good, but its sensitivity and PPV is somewhat low, particularly for primary site. A negative response assessment FDG-PET/CT scan is highly suggestive of absence of viable disease that could be used to guide decision-making. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.