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Longjumeau, France

Asserin J.,COSderma Laboratory | Lati E.,BIO EC Laboratory | Shioya T.,Unitec Foods | Prawitt J.,Rousselot BVBA
Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology | Year: 2015

Summary: Background: Skin dryness and an accelerated fragmentation of the collagen network in the dermis are hallmarks of skin aging. Nutrition is a key factor influencing skin health and consequently its appearance. A wide range of dietary supplements is offered to improve skin health. Collagen peptides are used as a bioactive ingredient in nutricosmetic products and have been shown in preclinical studies to improve skin barrier function, to induce the synthesis of collagen and hyaluronic acid, and to promote fibroblast growth and migration. Our aim was to investigate the effect of oral supplementation with specific collagen peptides on skin hydration and the dermal collagen network in a clinical setting. Methods: Two placebo-controlled clinical trials were run to assess the effect of a daily oral supplementation with collagen peptides on skin hydration by corneometry, on collagen density by high-resolution ultrasound and on collagen fragmentation by reflectance confocal microscopy. Human skin explants were used to study extracellular matrix components in the presence of collagen peptides ex vivo. Results: Oral collagen peptide supplementation significantly increased skin hydration after 8 weeks of intake. The collagen density in the dermis significantly increased and the fragmentation of the dermal collagen network significantly decreased already after 4 weeks of supplementation. Both effects persisted after 12 weeks. Ex vivo experiments demonstrated that collagen peptides induce collagen as well as glycosaminoglycan production, offering a mechanistic explanation for the observed clinical effects. Conclusion: The oral supplementation with collagen peptides is efficacious to improve hallmarks of skin aging. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

N'Diaye A.,CNRS Laboratory of Microbiology Signals and Microenvironment | Mijouin L.,CNRS Laboratory of Microbiology Signals and Microenvironment | Hillion M.,CNRS Laboratory of Microbiology Signals and Microenvironment | Diaz S.,University of Exeter | And 8 more authors.
Frontiers in Microbiology | Year: 2016

Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis are two major skin associated bacteria, and Substance P (SP) is a major skin neuropeptide. Since bacteria are known to sense and response to many human hormones, we investigated the effects of SP on Staphylococci virulence in reconstructed human epidermis model and HaCaT keratinocytes. We show that SP is stimulating the virulence of S. aureus and S. epidermidis in a reconstructed human epidermis model. qRT-PCR array analysis of 64 genes expressed by keratinocytes in the response to bacterial infection revealed a potential link between the action of SP on Staphylococci and skin physiopathology. qRT-PCR and direct assay of cathelicidin and human β-defensin 2 secretion also provided that demonstration that the action of SP on bacteria is independent of antimicrobial peptide expression by keratinocytes. Considering an effect of SP on S. aureus and S. epidermidis, we observed that SP increases the adhesion potential of both bacteria on keratinocytes. However, SP modulates the virulence of S. aureus and S. epidermidis through different mechanisms. The response of S. aureus is associated with an increase in Staphylococcal Enterotoxin C2 (SEC2) production and a reduction of exolipase processing whereas in S. epidermidis the effect of SP appears mediated by a rise in biofilm formation activity. The Thermo unstable ribosomal Elongation factor Ef-Tu was identified as the SP-interacting protein in S. aureus and S. epidermidis. SP appears as an inter-kingdom communication factor involved in the regulation of bacterial virulence and essential for skin microflora homeostasis. © 2016 N'Diaye, Mijouin, Hillion, Diaz, Konto-Ghiorghi, Percoco, Chevalier, Lefeuvre, Harmer, Lesouhaitier and Feuilloley. Source

Mijouin L.,University of Rouen | Hillion M.,University of Rouen | Ramdani Y.,University of Rouen | Jaouen T.,University of Rouen | And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background: Skin is the largest human neuroendocrine organ and hosts the second most numerous microbial population but the interaction of skin neuropeptides with the microflora has never been investigated. We studied the effect of Substance P (SP), a peptide released by nerve endings in the skin on bacterial virulence. Methodology/Principal Findings: Bacillus cereus, a member of the skin transient microflora, was used as a model. Exposure to SP strongly stimulated the cytotoxicity of B. cereus (+553±3% with SP 10-6 M) and this effect was rapid (<5 min). Infection of keratinocytes with SP treated B. cereus led to a rise in caspase1 and morphological alterations of the actin cytoskeleton. Secretome analysis revealed that SP stimulated the release of collagenase and superoxide dismutase. Moreover, we also noted a shift in the surface polarity of the bacteria linked to a peel-off of the S-layer and the release of S-layer proteins. Meanwhile, the biofilm formation activity of B. cereus was increased. The Thermo unstable ribosomal Elongation factor (Ef-Tu) was identified as the SP binding site in B. cereus . Other Gram positive skin bacteria, namely Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis also reacted to SP by an increase of virulence. Thermal water from Uriage-les-Bains and an artificial polysaccharide (Teflose®) were capable to antagonize the effect of SP on bacterial virulence. Conclusions/Significance: SP is released in sweat during stress and is known to be involved in the pathogenesis of numerous skin diseases through neurogenic inflammation. Our study suggests that a direct effect of SP on the skin microbiote should be another mechanism. © 2013 Mijouin et al. Source

Percoco G.,University of Rouen | Benard M.,University of Rouen | Ramdani Y.,University of Rouen | Lati E.,BIO EC Laboratory | And 3 more authors.
Experimental Dermatology | Year: 2012

We describe, for the first time, an efficient protocol based on laser capture microdissection (LCM) for the isolation of human epidermal layers for gene expression profiling using quantitative real-time PCR. Two areas enriched either in basal or granular layers were isolated by LCM. Skin biopsies were fixed in dry ice-cooled isopentane, cryosectioned and stained before the laser procedure. High-quality total RNA was extracted from each microdissected sample, which allowed the analysis of the spatial distribution of mRNA transcripts from 10 innate immunity-related genes within the epidermal layers. Using integrin alpha-6/integrin beta-4 and corneodesmosin/filaggrin-2 sets as gene markers for the basal and granular layers, respectively, we showed that Toll-like receptor 2, RNase 7, human beta-defensin-2 and -3, psoriasin and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 1 are upregulated in the suprabasal layer of normal human epidermis. Our protocol, which is based on the rapid isolation of epidermal layers, can be used to follow transcriptional processes in specific areas of the epidermis and is a very promising tool to use in the study of numerous aspects of dermatology. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

Percoco G.,University of Rouen | Percoco G.,BIO EC Laboratory | Merle C.,BIO EC Laboratory | Jaouen T.,CNRS Laboratory of Microbiology Signals and Microenvironment | And 9 more authors.
Experimental Dermatology | Year: 2013

The skin is a natural barrier between the body and the environment and is colonised by a large number of microorganisms. Here, we report a complete analysis of the response of human skin explants to microbial stimuli. Using this ex vivo model, we analysed at both the gene and protein level the response of epidermal cells to Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis) and Pseudomonas fluorescens (P. fluorescens), which are present in the cutaneous microbiota. We showed that both bacterial species affect the structure of skin explants without penetrating the living epidermis. We showed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) that S. epidermidis and P. fluorescens increased the levels of transcripts that encode antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), including human β defensin (hBD)2 and hBD3, and the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1α and (IL)-1-β, as well as IL-6. In addition, we analysed the effects of bacterial stimuli on the expression profiles of genes related to innate immunity and the inflammatory response across the epidermal layers, using laser capture microdissection (LCM) coupled to qPCR. We showed that AMP transcripts were principally upregulated in suprabasal keratinocytes. Conversely, the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines was upregulated in the lower epidermis. These findings were confirmed by protein localisation using specific antibodies coupled to optical or electron microscopy. This work underscores the potential value of further studies that use LCM on human skin explants model to study the roles and effects of the epidermal microbiota on human skin physiology. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

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