Binhai Genomics Institute

Tianjin, China

Binhai Genomics Institute

Tianjin, China
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PubMed | BGI shenzhen, Binhai Genomics Institute and Peking Union Medical College
Type: | Journal: Calcified tissue international | Year: 2016

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a group of inherited disorders characterized by recurrent fragile fractures. Serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade F, member 1 (SERPINF1) is known to cause a distinct, extremely rare autosomal recessive form of type VI OI. Here we report, for the first time, the detection of SERPINF1 mutations in Chinese OI patients. We designed a novel targeted next-generation sequencing panel of OI-related genes to identify pathogenic mutations, which were confirmed with Sanger sequencing and by co-segregation analysis. We also investigated the phenotypes of OI patients by evaluating bone mineral density, radiological fractures, serum bone turnover markers, and pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) concentration. Six patients with moderate-to-severe bone fragility, significantly low bone mineral density, and severe deformities of the extremities were recruited from five unrelated families for this study. Six pathogenic mutations in SERPINF1 gene were identified, five of which were novel: (1) a homozygous in-frame insertion in exon 3 (c.271_279dup, p.Ala91_Ser93dup); (2) compound heterozygous mutations in intron 3 (c.283+1G>T, splicing site) and exon 5 (c.498_499delCA, p.Arg167SerfsX35, frameshift); (3) a homozygous frameshift mutation in exon 8 (c.1202_1203delCA, p.Thr401ArgfsX); (4) compound heterozygous missense mutation (c.184G>A, p.Gly62Ser) and in-frame insertion (c.271_279dup, p.Ala91_Ser93dup) in exon 3; and (5) a heterozygous nonsense mutation in exon 4 (c.397C>T+?, p.Gln133X+?). Serum PEDF levels were barely detectable in almost all subjects. We identified five novel mutations in SERPINF1 and confirmed the diagnostic value of serum PEDF level for the first time in Chinese patients with the extremely rare OI type VI.


PubMed | University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Binhai Genomics Institute and BGI Shenzhen
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2016

In this research, we used RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) to analyze 23 single cell samples and 2 bulk cells sample from human adult bone mesenchyme stem cell line and human fetal bone mesenchyme stem cell line. The results from the research demonstrated that there were big differences between two cell lines. Adult bone mesenchyme stem cell lines showed a strong trend on the blood vessel differentiation and cell motion, 48/49 vascular related differential expressed genes showed higher expression in adult bone mesenchyme stem cell lines (Abmsc) than fetal bone mesenchyme stem cell lines (Fbmsc). 96/106 cell motion related genes showed the same tendency. Further analysis showed that genes like ANGPT1, VEGFA, FGF2, PDGFB and PDGFRA showed higher expression in Abmsc. This work showed cell heterogeneity between human adult bone mesenchyme stem cell line and human fetal bone mesenchyme stem cell line. Also the work may give an indication that Abmsc had a better potency than Fbmsc in the future vascular related application.


PubMed | BGI Shenzhen, Binhai Genomics Institute and Chongqing Medical University
Type: | Journal: BMC medical genetics | Year: 2016

The identification of causative mutations is important for treatment decisions and genetic counseling of patients with disorders of sex development (DSD). Here, we designed a new assay based on targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) to diagnose these genetically heterogeneous disorders.All coding regions and flanking sequences of 219 genes implicated in DSD were designed to be included on a panel. A total of 45 samples were used for sex chromosome dosage validation by targeted sequencing using the NGS platform. Among these, 21 samples were processed to find the causative mutation.The sex chromosome dosages of all 45 samples in this assay were concordant with their corresponding karyotyping results. Among the 21 DSD patients, a total of 11 mutations in SRY, NR0B1, AR, CYP17A1, GK, CHD7, and SRD5A2 were identified, including five single nucleotide variants, three InDels, one in-frame duplication, one SRY-positive 46,XX, and one gross duplication with an estimated size of more than 427,038 bp containing NR0B1 and GK. We also identified six novel mutations: c.230_231insA in SRY, c.7389delA in CHD7, c.273C>G in NR0B1, and c.2158G>A, c.1825A>G, and c.2057_2065dupTGTGTGCTG in AR.Our assay was able to make a genetic diagnosis for eight DSD patients (38.1%), and identified variants of uncertain clinical significance in the other three cases (14.3%). Targeted NGS is therefore a comprehensive and efficient method to diagnose DSD. This work also expands the pathogenic mutation spectrum of DSD.


PubMed | Binhai Genomics Institute and Peking Union Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of neurovirology | Year: 2016

We screened for viral DNA in cerebrospinal fluid samples using next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology to diagnose CNS viral infections. We collected CSF samples from four cases with clinically suspected viral meningoencephalitis. DNA extracted from the samples was analyzed with NGS, and the results were further validated using PCR. Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) was detected in the CSF of two patients, HSV-2 and human herpes virus type 3 (HHV-3, VZV) in the CSF of two other patients separately. The number of unique reads of the identified viral genes ranged from 144 to 44205 (93.51 to 99.57%). The coverage of identified viral genes ranged from 12 to 98% with a depth value of 1.1 to 35, respectively. The results were further confirmed using PCR in three cases. The clinical presentation and outcomes of these four cases were consistent with the diagnostic results of NGS. NGS of CSF samples can be used as a diagnostic assay for CNS viral infection. Its further application for pan-viral or even pan-microbial screening of CSF might influence the diagnosis of CNS infectious diseases.


PubMed | Binhai Genomics Institute and Peking Union Medical College
Type: | Journal: Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry | Year: 2016

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a group of hereditary disorders characterized by low bone mass and recurrent fractures. Most OI cases follow an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance and are attributed to mutations in genes encoding type I collagen (COL1A1/COL1A2). Genomic structural variations involving type I collagen genes are extremely rare in OI.In this study, we characterized a de novo balanced translocation of t(5;7)(q32;q21.3) that caused an extremely rare type of OI in a patient from a non-consanguineous family. The clinical phenotypes of this OI included recurrent fractures, low bone mass, macrocephaly, blue sclera and failure to thrive. Next-generation sequencing was used to identify the translocation, and Sanger sequencing was used to validate and map the breakpoints. The breakpoint on chromosome 7 disrupted the COL1A2 gene in the 17th exon, presumed to affect type I collagen production and give rise to OI. The breakpoint on chromosome 5 disrupted the protein phosphatase 2 regulatory subunit B, beta gene (PPP2R2B) within the first intron.This is the first report of a copy-neutral structural variant involving COL1A2 that leads to a rare type of OI. This study expands the genotypic spectrum of OI and demonstrates the effectiveness of targeted sequencing for breakpoint mapping.


PubMed | Renmin University of China, University of Washington, Binhai Genomics Institute, Harvard University and Peking Union Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016

Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma (DDCS) is a rare disease with a dismal prognosis. DDCS consists of two morphologically distinct components: the cartilaginous and noncartilaginous components. Whether the two components originate from the same progenitor cells has been controversial. Recurrent DDCS commonly displays increased proliferation compared with the primary tumor. However, there is no conclusive explanation for this mechanism. In this paper, we present two DDCSs in the sellar region. Patient 1 exclusively exhibited a noncartilaginous component with a TP53 frameshift mutation in the pathological specimens from the first surgery. The tumor recurred after radiation therapy with an exceedingly increased proliferation index. Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) revealed the presence of both a TP53 mutation and a PTEN deletion in the cartilaginous and the noncartilaginous components of the recurrent tumor. Fluorescence in situ hybridization and immunostaining confirmed reduced DNA copy number and protein levels of the PTEN gene as a result of the PTEN deletion. Patient 2 exhibited both cartilaginous and noncartilaginous components in the surgical specimens. Targeted NGS of cells from both components showed neither TP53 nor PTEN mutations, making Patient 2 a nave TP53 and PTEN control for comparison. In conclusion, additional PTEN loss in the background of the TP53 mutation could be the cause of increased proliferation capacity in the recurrent tumor.


PubMed | Binhai Genomics Institute and Peking Union Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of human genetics | Year: 2016

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a group of hereditary disorders characterized by decreased bone mass and increased fracture risk. The majority of OI cases have an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance and are usually caused by mutations in genes encoding type I collagen. OI cases of autosomal recessive inheritance are rare, and OI type XI is attributable to mutation of the FKBP10 gene. Here, we used next-generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing to detect mutations in FKBP10 and to analyze their relation to the phenotypes of OI type XI in three Chinese patients. We also evaluated the efficacy of zoledronic acid treatment in these patients. Two of the affected patients had novel compound heterozygous mutations, one patient with c.343C>T (p.R115X) in exon 2 and c.1085delC (p.A362fsX1) in exon 7, and the other patient with c.879C>G (p.Y293X) in exon 5 and c.918-3C>G in intron 5. In the third proband, we identified a homozygous single base-pair duplication, c.831dupC (p.G278RfsX95) in exon 5. In conclusion, we report for the first time that these novel pathogenic mutations of FKBP10 can lead to the extremely rare type XI OI without contractures, which expands the genotypic spectrum of OI. The phenotypes of these patients are similar to patients with types III or IV OI, and zoledronic acid is effective in increasing BMD, inhibiting bone resorption biomarkers and reducing fractures of these patients.


PubMed | University of New South Wales, Binhai Genomics Institute, Beijing Electrical Power Hospital and Peking Union Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2016

The -hemolysin, encoded by the hla gene, is a major virulence factor in S. aureus infections. Changes in key amino acid residues of -hemolysin can result in reduction, or even loss, of toxicity. The aim of this study was to investigate the diversity of the hla gene sequence and the relationship of hla variants to the clonal background of S. aureus isolates. A total of 47 clinical isolates from China were used in this study, supplemented with in silico analysis of 318 well-characterized whole genome sequences from globally distributed isolates. A total of 28 hla genotypes were found, including three unique to isolates from China, 20 found only in the global genomes and five found in both. The hla genotype generally correlated with the clonal background, particularly the multilocus sequence type, but was not related to geographic origin, host source or methicillin-resistance phenotype. In addition, the hla gene showed greater diversity than the seven loci utilized in the MLST scheme for S. aureus. Our investigation has provided genetic data which may be useful for future studies of toxicity, immunogenicity and vaccine development.


PubMed | Binhai Genomics Institute and Peking Union Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of human genetics | Year: 2016

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders characterized by decreased bone mass and recurrent bone fractures. Transmembrane protein 38B (TMEM38B) gene encodes trimeric intracellular cation channel type B (TRIC-B), mutations of which will lead to the rare form of autosomal recessive OI. Here we detected pathogenic gene mutations in TMEM38B and investigated its phenotypes in three children with OI from two non-consanguineous families of Chinese Han origin. The patients suffered from recurrent fractures, low bone mass, mild bone deformities and growth retardation, but did not have impaired hearing or dentinogenesis imperfecta. Next-generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing revealed a homozygous novel acceptor splice site variant (c.455-7T>G in intron 3, p.R151_G152insVL) in family 1 and a homozygous novel nonsense variant (c.507G>A in exon 4, p.W169X) in family 2. The parents of the probands were all heterozygous carriers of these mutations. We reported the phenotype and novel mutations in TMEM38B of OI for the first time in Chinese population. Our findings of the novel mutations in TMEM38B expand the pathogenic spectrum of OI and strengthen the role of TRIC-B in the pathogenesis of OI.


PubMed | Nanjing Medical University, Binhai Genomics Institute and Clinical Laboratory of BGI Health
Type: | Journal: Clinical genetics | Year: 2016

Individuals carrying balanced translocations have a high risk of birth defects, recurrent spontaneous abortions and infertility. Thus, the detection and characterization of balanced translocations is important to reveal the genetic background of the carriers and to provide proper genetic counseling. Next-generation sequencing (NGS), which has great advantages over other methods such as karyotyping and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), has been used to detect disease-associated breakpoints. Herein, to evaluate the application of this technology to detect balanced translocations in the clinic, we performed a parental study for prenatal cases with unbalanced translocations. Eight candidate families with potential balanced translocations were investigated using two strategies in parallel, low-coverage whole-genome sequencing (WGS) followed-up by Sanger sequencing and G-banding karyotype coupled with FISH. G-banding analysis revealed three balanced translocations, and FISH detected two cryptic submicroscopic balanced translocations. Consistently, WGS detected five balanced translocations and mapped all the breakpoints by Sanger sequencing. Analysis of the breakpoints revealed that six genes were disrupted in the four apparently healthy carriers. In summary, our result suggested low-coverage WGS can detect balanced translocations reliably and can map breakpoints precisely compared with conventional procedures. WGS may replace cytogenetic methods in the diagnosis of balanced translocation carriers in the clinic.

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