Binghamton University, or Binghamton University, State University of New York, locally referred to as BU, is a public research university in the U.S. state of New York. The university is one of the four university centers in the State University of New York system. Since its establishment in 1946, the university has grown from a small liberal arts college, Harpur College, to a large doctoral-granting institution, presently consisting of six colleges and schools, and is now home to more than 16,000 undergraduate and graduate students. The legal and official name of the university is the State University of New York at Binghamton.Binghamton University is currently ranked 88th among the 201 national universities in U.S. News & World Report 's 2015 America's Best Colleges and Universities ranking, and internationally, it is ranked 701+ according to QS University Rankings. It has been called a "Public Ivy" by Greenes' Guide. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching has classified the university as Research University with high research activity. Binghamton University is famous for the quality of education given the affordable price. For many years, the university has been ranked as one of the top 10 best-value public colleges.Although the university's mailing address is in Binghamton, its main campus is actually located in the town of Vestal, with a secondary education center located in downtown Binghamton. The Vestal campus is listed as a census-designated place for statistical purposes and had a residential population of 6,177 as of the 2010 census. Wikipedia.
Whittingham M.S.,Binghamton University State University of New York
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2014
There is a growing demand for energy storage, for intermittent renewable energy such as solar and wind power, for transportation, and for the myriad portable electronic devices. The presence of carbon leads creates a reducing atmosphere, preventing the oxidation of the ferrous formed to ferric. The transient change of lattice constant during the two-phase reaction is clearly observed by the time-resolved X-ray diffraction measurement. Once the lithium is disordered, then the reaction will proceed by a single phase so long as the ordering time is longer than the reaction time. The wider the single-phase regions, the narrower is the miscibility gap and the smaller is the lattice mismatch between the lithium-rich and lithium-poor materials. In addition, once the lithium disorder is generated, then if the time it takes to order is greater than the reaction time, phase separation will not occur and the system will stay disordered throughout the reaction.
Choi S.,Binghamton University State University of New York
Biosensors and Bioelectronics | Year: 2015
The next generation of sustainable energy could come from microorganisms; evidence that it can be seen with the given rise of Electromicrobiology, the study of microorganisms' electrical properties. Many recent advances in electromicrobiology stem from studying microbial fuel cells (MFCs), which are gaining acceptance as a future alternative "green" energy technology and energy-efficient wastewater treatment method. MFCs are powered by living microorganisms with clean and sustainable features; they efficiently catalyse the degradation of a broad range of organic substrates under natural conditions. There is also increasing interest in photosynthetic MFCs designed to harness Earth's most abundant and promising energy source (solar irradiation). Despite their vast potential and promise, however, MFCs and photosynthetic MFCs have not yet successfully translated into commercial applications because they demonstrate persistent performance limitations and bottlenecks associated with scaling up. Instead, microscale MFCs have received increasing attention as a unique platform for various applications such as powering small portable electronic elements in remote locations, performing fundamental studies of microorganisms, screening bacterial strains, and toxicity detection in water. Furthermore, the stacking of miniaturized MFCs has been demonstrated to offer larger power densities than a single macroscale MFC in terms of scaling up. In this overview, we discuss recent achievements in microscale MFCs as well as their potential applications. Further scientific and technological challenges are also reviewed. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Parker M.A.,Binghamton University State University of New York
Molecular Ecology | Year: 2012
Bradyrhizobium strains sampled from 14 legume genera native to eastern North America showed substantial host-related phylogenetic clustering at three loci in the symbiotic island (SI) region (nodC, nifD, nifH), indicating selection of distinct suites of SI lineages by different legumes. Bacteria assorted consistently with particular legumes across two regions separated by 800 km, implying recurrent assembly of the same symbiotic combinations. High genetic polymorphism of all three SI loci relative to four nonsymbiotic loci supported the inference that a form of multiple-niche balancing selection has acted on the SI region, arising from differential symbiont utilization by different legume taxa. Extensive discordance between the tree for SI variants and a phylogenetic tree inferred for four housekeeping loci implied that lateral transfer of the symbiosis island region has been common (at least 26 transfer events among 85 Bradyrhizobium strains analysed). Patterns of linkage disequilibrium also supported the conclusion that recombination has impacted symbiotic and nonsymbiotic regions unequally. The high prevalence of lateral transfer suggests that acquisition of a novel SI variant may often confer a strong selective advantage for recipient cells. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Whittingham M.S.,Binghamton University State University of New York
Proceedings of the IEEE | Year: 2012
Advanced energy storage has been a key enabling technology for the portable electronics explosion. The lithium and Ni-MeH battery technologies are less than 40 years old and have taken over the electronics industry and are on the same track for the transportation industry and the utility grid. In this review, energy storage from the gigawatt pumped hydro systems to the smallest watt-hour battery are discussed, and the future directions predicted. If renewable energy, or even lower cost energy, is to become prevalent energy storage is a critical component in reducing peak power demands and the intermittent nature of solar and wind power. An electric economy will demand more electrification of the transportation sector and it is likely that all vehicles sold by the end of this decade will have some level of hybridization. Energy storage capabilities in conjunction with the smart grid are expected to see a massive leap forward over the next 25 years. © 2012 IEEE.
Spear L.P.,Binghamton University State University of New York |
Swartzwelder H.S.,Duke University
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews | Year: 2014
Alcohol use is typically initiated during adolescence, which, along with young adulthood, is a vulnerable period for the onset of high-risk drinking and alcohol abuse. Given across-species commonalities in certain fundamental neurobehavioral characteristics of adolescence, studies in laboratory animals such as the rat have proved useful to assess persisting consequences of repeated alcohol exposure. Despite limited research to date, reports of long-lasting effects of adolescent ethanol exposure are emerging, along with certain common themes. One repeated finding is that adolescent exposure to ethanol sometimes results in the persistence of adolescent-typical phenotypes into adulthood. Instances of adolescent-like persistence have been seen in terms of baseline behavioral, cognitive, electrophysiological and neuroanatomical characteristics, along with the retention of adolescent-typical sensitivities to acute ethanol challenge. These effects are generally not observed after comparable ethanol exposure in adulthood. Persistence of adolescent-typical phenotypes is not always evident, and may be related to regionally specific ethanol influences on the interplay between CNS excitation and inhibition critical for the timing of neuroplasticity. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.