Bichat Teaching Hospital

Paris, France

Bichat Teaching Hospital

Paris, France
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Grosjean C.,Bichat Teaching Hospital | Hurtado-Nedelec M.,Bichat Teaching Hospital | Nicaise-Roland P.,Bichat Teaching Hospital | Ferreyra-Dillon R.,Bichat Teaching Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Rheumatology | Year: 2010

Objective. To determine the prevalence of the most often tested autoantibodies in synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome. Methods. We identified 90 patients seen in our unit between June 2002 and June 2009, and diagnosed according to the proposed criteria for SAPHO syndrome. Demographic and clinical data were collected as well as immunological results, including antinuclear, antithyroid peroxydase (TPO), antithyroid globulin (Tg), antigastric parietal cell, antismooth muscle, antimitochondria, and anti-liver-kidney microsome (LKM) antibodies. Anticyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies were analyzed in 69 patients, antibodies to soluble extractable nuclear antigens in 43, anti-double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) antibodies in 22 [depending on the type of fluorescence of antinuclear antibody (ANA)], and antiendomysium antibodies in 55. Results. Autoantibodies were found in 20 patients (22.2%): 14 patients (15.5%) had positive ANA (titer ≥ 1/160); among them, 10 (11%) patients never took a lupus-inducing drug. Antithyroid antibodies (anti-TPO and/or anti-Tg antibodies) were found in only 3 patients (3.3%). Three patients (3.3%) were positive for antigastric parietal cell antibodies and 4 (4.4%) were weakly positive for antismooth muscle antibodies. Antimitochondria and LKM antibodies were negative in all 90 patients.Anti-CCP and anti-dsDNA antibodies were negative in the 69 and 22 patients tested, respectively. One out of 43 patients (2.3%) had anti-SSA antibodies. Antiendomysium antibodies were negative in the 55 patients tested. Conclusion. Our study indicates an increased prevalence of autoantibodies in SAPHO syndrome, with no specific profile. We failed to confirm the reports of an increased prevalence of antithyroid antibodies. These results tend to support a link between autoimmunity and SAPHO syndrome. The Journal of Rheumatology Copyright © 2010. All rights reserved.


Benoist M.,Hopital Beaujon | Boulu P.,Pain Unit | Hayem G.,Bichat Teaching Hospital
European Spine Journal | Year: 2012

Introduction Epidural steroid injections (ESIs) have been widely used for over 50 years in the treatment of low-back pain with radiculopathy. Most interventional pain physicians strongly believe in their efficacy and safety. Recent Cochrane systematic reviews have disclosed controversial results and have questioned the effectiveness of ESIs. Moreover, a few neurological adverse events have been reported recently. Methods A literature search of systematic reviews analysing the effectiveness and complications of ESIs was carried out. The scientific quality of the reviews was assessed using the validated index of Oxman and Guyatt.Werelied on data abstraction and quality ratings of the placebo-controlled trials as reported by high-quality systematic reviews. Results Two types of systematic reviews were found. The Cochrane high-quality systematic reviews combining the three approaches and different pathologies were predominantly non-conclusive. The second type of review, emanating from the US Evidence-based Practice Centers, distinguishing between the routes of administration and between the principal pathologies found a moderate shortterm benefit of ESIs versus placebo in patients with disc herniation and radiculitis, in keeping with the clinical experience. ESIs are generally well tolerated and most complications are related to technical problems. Cases of paraplegia, complicating the foraminal route and related to the violation of a radiculomedullary artery, have been recently reported. They are predominantly observed in previously operated patients. Conclusions Epidural steroid injections have a moderate short-term effect in the management of low-back pain with radiculopathy. Severe neurological complications are exceptional, but call for research for alternative approaches to the foramen as well as for means to detect an eventual arterial injury. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.


PubMed | Bordeaux Teaching Hospital, Bichat Teaching Hospital, Dupuytren Teaching Hospital, Antoine Beclere Teaching Hospital and 2 more.
Type: | Journal: European heart journal | Year: 2016

Aortic stenosis (AS) and transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (TTR-CA) are both frequent in elderly. The combination of these two diseases has never been investigated.To describe patients with concomitant AS and TTR-CA.Six cardiologic French centres identified retrospectively cases of patients with severe or moderate AS associated with TTR-CA hospitalized during the last 6 years.Sixteen patients were included. Mean SD age was 79 6 years, 81% were men. Sixty per cent were NYHA III-IV, 31% had carpal tunnel syndrome, and 56% had atrial fibrillation. Median (Q1;Q4) NT-proBNP was 4382 (2425;4730) pg/mL and 91% had elevated cardiac troponin level. Eighty-eight per cent had severe AS (n = 14/16), of whom 86% (n = 12) had low-gradient AS. Mean SD interventricular septum thickness was 18 4 mm. Mean left ventricular ejection fraction and global LS were 50 13% and -7 4%, respectively. Diagnosis of TTR-CA was histologically proven in 38%, and was based on strong cardiac uptake of the tracer at biphosphonate scintigraphy in the rest. Eighty-one per cent had wild-type TTR-CA (n = 13), one had mutated Val122I and 19% did not had genetic test (n = 3). Valve replacement was surgical in 63% and via transcatheter in 13%. Median follow-up in survivors was 33 (16;65) months. Mortality was of 44% (n = 7) during the whole follow-up period.Combination of AS and TTR-CA may occur in elderly patients particularly those with a low-flow low-gradient AS pattern and carries bad prognosis. Diagnosis of TTR-CA in AS is relevant to discuss specific treatment and management.


Garrouste-Orgeas M.,Care Network | Garrouste-Orgeas M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Timsit J.F.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Timsit J.F.,Albert Michallon Teaching Hospital | And 14 more authors.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2010

Rationale: Although intensive care units (ICUs) were created for patients with life-threatening illnesses, the ICU environment generates a high risk of iatrogenic events. Identifying medical errors (MEs) that serve as indicators for iatrogenic risk is crucial for purposes of reporting and prevention. Objectives: We describe the selection of indicator MEs, the incidence of such MEs, and their relationship with mortality. Methods: We selected indicator MEs using Delphi techniques. An observational prospective multicenter cohort study of these MEs was conducted from March 27 to April 3, 2006, in 70 ICUs; 16 (23%) centers were audited. Harm from MEs was collected using specific scales. Measurements and Main Results: Fourteen types of MEs were selected as indicators; 1,192 MEs were reported for 1,369 patients, and 367 (26.8%) patients experienced at least 1 ME (2.1/1,000 patient-days). The most common MEs were insulin administration errors (185.9/1,000 d of insulin treatment). Of the 1,192 medical errors, 183 (15.4%) in 128 (9.3%) patients were adverse events that were followed by one or more clinical consequences (n = 163) or that required one or more procedures or treatments (n = 58). By multivariable analysis, having two or more adverse events was an independent risk factor for ICU mortality (odds ratio, 3.09; 95% confidence interval, 1.30-7.36; P = 0.039). Conclusions: The impact of medical errors on mortality indicates an urgent need to develop prevention programs. We have planned a study to assess a program based on our results.


Garrouste-Orgeas M.,Bichat University Hospital | Ruckly S.,Outcomerea | Timsit J.-F.,Bichat University Hospital | Timsit J.-F.,Bichat Teaching Hospital | Misset B.,University of Paris Descartes
Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2016

Objectives: To investigate family perceptions of having a nurse participating in family conferences and to assess the psychologic well being of the same families after ICU discharge. Design: Mixed-method design with a qualitative study embedded in a single-center randomized study. Setting: Twelve-bed medical-surgical ICU in a 460-bed tertiary hospital. Subjects: One family member for each consecutive patient who received more than 48 hours of mechanical ventilation in the ICU. Intervention: Planned proactive participation of a nurse in family conferences led by a physician. In the control group, conferences were led by a physician without a nurse. Measurements and Main Results: Of the 172 eligible family members, 100 (60.2%) were randomized; among them, 88 underwent semistructured interviews at ICU discharge and 86 completed the Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire at ICU discharge and then the Hospital Anxiety Depression Questionnaire and the Impact of Event Scale (for posttraumatic stress-related symptoms) 3 months later. The intervention and control groups were not significantly different regarding the prevalence of posttraumatic stress-related symptoms (52.3 vs 50%, respectively; p = 0.83). Anxiety and depression subscale scores were significantly lower in the intervention group. The qualitative data indicated that the families valued the principle of the conference itself. Perceptions of nurse participation clustered into four main themes: trust that ICU teamwork was effective (50/88; 56.8%), trust that care was centered on the patient (33/88; 37.5%), trust in effective dissemination of information (15/88; 17%), and trust that every effort was made to relieve anxiety in family members (12/88; 13.6%). Conclusions: Families valued the conferences themselves and valued the proactive participation of a nurse. These positive perceptions were associated with significant anxiety or depression subscale scores but not with changes in posttraumatic stress-related symptoms. © 2016 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


Goodman S.B.,Stanford University | Gibon E.,University Paris Diderot | Gibon E.,University of Paris Descartes | Pajarinen J.,Stanford University | And 8 more authors.
Journal of the Royal Society Interface | Year: 2014

Wear particles and by-products from joint replacements and other orthopaedic implants may result in a local chronic inflammatory and foreign body reaction. This may lead to persistent synovitis resulting in joint pain and swelling, periprosthetic osteolysis, implant loosening and pathologic fracture. Strategies to modulate the adverse effects of wear debris may improve the function and longevity of joint replacements and other orthopaedic implants, potentially delaying or avoiding complex revision surgical procedures. Three novel biological strategies to mitigate the chronic inflammatory reaction to orthopaedic wear particles are reported. These include (i) interference with systemic macrophage trafficking to the local implant site, (ii) modulation of macrophages from an M1 (pro-inflammatory) to an M2 (anti-inflammatory, pro-tissue healing) phenotype in the periprosthetic tissues, and (iii) local inhibition of the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) by delivery of an NF-κB decoy oligodeoxynucleotide, thereby interfering with the production of pro-inflammatory mediators. These three approaches have been shown to be viable strategies for mitigating the undesirable effects of wear particles in preclinical studies. Targeted local delivery of specific biologics may potentially extend the lifetime of orthopaedic implants. © 2014 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.


Gibon E.,Stanford University | Gibon E.,Bichat Teaching Hospital | Yao Z.,Stanford University | Rao A.J.,Stanford University | And 8 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2012

Particle-associated periprosthetic osteolysis remains a major issue in joint replacement. Ongoing bone loss resulting from wear particle-induced inflammation is accompanied by continued attempts at bone repair. Previously we showed that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are recruited systemically to bone exposed to continuous infusion of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) particles. The chemokine-receptor axis that mediates this process is unknown. We tested two hypotheses: (1) the CCR1 receptor mediates the systemic recruitment of MSCs to UHMWPE particles and (2) recruited MSCs are able to differentiate into functional mature osteoblasts and decrease particle-associated bone loss. Nude mice were allocated randomly to four groups. UHMWPE particles were continuously infused into the femoral shaft using a micro-pump. Genetically modified murine wild type reporter MSCs were injected systemically via the left ventricle. Non-invasive imaging was used to assay MSC migration and bone mineral density. Bioluminescence and immunohistochemistry confirmed the chemotaxis of reporter cells and their differentiation into mature osteoblasts in the presence of infused particles. Injection of a CCR1 antagonist decreased reporter cell recruitment to the UHMWPE particle infusion site and increased osteolysis. CCR1 appears to be a critical receptor for chemotaxis of MSCs in the presence of UHMWPE particles. Interference with CCR1 exacerbates particle-induced bone loss. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Gibon E.,Stanford University | Gibon E.,Bichat Teaching Hospital | Batke B.,Stanford University | Jawad M.U.,Stanford University | And 6 more authors.
Tissue Engineering - Part A | Year: 2012

Although iliac crest autologous bone graft remains the gold standard for treatment of bone defects, delayed-and nonunions, and arthrodeses, several alternative strategies have been attempted, including the use of mesenchymal stem cells. Whether cells from the osteoblast lineage demonstrate systemic recruitment to an acute bone defect or fracture, and whether these cells directly participate in bone healing is controversial. This study tests two hypotheses: (1) that exogenous murine MC3T3-E1 osteoprogenitor cells with a high propensity for osteoblast differentiation are able to systemically migrate to a bone defect and (2) that the migrated MC3T3-E1 cells enhance bone healing. Two groups of nude mice were used; a bone defect was drilled in the left femoral shaft in both groups. MC3T3-E1 were used as reporter cells and injected in the left ventricle of the heart, to avoid sequestration in the lungs. Injection of saline served as a control. We used bioluminescence and microCT to assay cell recruitment and bone mineral density (BMD). Immunohistochemical staining was used to confirm the migration of reporter cells. MC3T3-E1 cells were found to systemically migrate to the bone defect. Further, BMD at the defect was significantly increased when cells were injected. Systemic cell therapy using osteoprogenitor cells may be a potential strategy to enhance bone healing. © 2012, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Zwingenberger S.,Stanford University | Zwingenberger S.,TU Dresden | Yao Z.,Stanford University | Jacobi A.,TU Dresden | And 14 more authors.
Tissue Engineering - Part A | Year: 2014

Treatment of critical size bone defects is challenging. Recent studies showed that the cytokine stromal cell-derived factor 1 alpha (SDF-1α) has potential to improve the bone regenerative effect of low bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) concentrations. The goal of this study was to demonstrate the combined effect of SDF-1α and BMP-2 on bone regeneration and stem cell recruitment using a critical size femoral bone defect model. A total of 72 mice were randomized to six groups. External fixators were implanted onto the right femur of each mouse and 3 mm defects were created. Depending on the group affiliation, adenovirally activated fat tissue grafts expressing SDF-1α or/and BMP-2 were implanted at the defect site. One day after operation, 1×106 murine mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), lentivirally transduced to express the gene enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP), firefly luciferase, and CXCR4 were injected systemically in selected groups. Migration of the injected MSCs was observed by bioluminescence imaging on days 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 21, 28, and 42. After 6 weeks, animals were euthanized and 80 μm CT-scans were performed. For histological investigations, hematoxylin and eosin-, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-, alkaline phosphatase-, and anti-eGFP-stained sections were prepared. BMP-2 and SDF-1α combined at the defect site increased bone volume (BV) (2.72 mm3; 95% CI 1.95-3.49 mm3) compared with the negative control group (1.80 mm3; 95% CI 1.56-2.04 mm3; p<0.05). In addition, histological analysis confirmed a higher degree of bone healing in the BMP-2 and SDF-1α combined group compared with the negative control group. Bioluminescence imaging demonstrated higher numbers of migrated MSCs toward the defect site in the presence of both BMP-2 and SDF-1α at the defect site. Furthermore, eGFP-labeled migrated MSCs were found in all defect areas, when cells were injected. The ratio of osteoblasts to osteoclasts, assessed by immunohistological staining, was higher and thus showed a trend toward more bone formation for the combined use of BMP-2 and SDF-1α compared with all other groups. This study demonstrated that SDF-1α enhanced BMP-2 mediated bone healing in a critical size segmental bone defect model. Notably, both proteins alone also provided a cumulative effect on MSC attraction toward the site of injury. © 2014 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


PubMed | Bichat Teaching Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of rheumatology | Year: 2010

To determine the prevalence of the most often tested autoantibodies in synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome.We identified 90 patients seen in our unit between June 2002 and June 2009, and diagnosed according to the proposed criteria for SAPHO syndrome. Demographic and clinical data were collected as well as immunological results, including antinuclear, antithyroid peroxydase (TPO), antithyroid globulin (Tg), antigastric parietal cell, antismooth muscle, antimitochondria, and anti-liver-kidney microsome (LKM) antibodies. Anticyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies were analyzed in 69 patients, antibodies to soluble extractable nuclear antigens in 43, anti-double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) antibodies in 22 [depending on the type of fluorescence of antinuclear antibody (ANA)], and antiendomysium antibodies in 55.Autoantibodies were found in 20 patients (22.2%): 14 patients (15.5%) had positive ANA (titer >/= 1/160); among them, 10 (11%) patients never took a lupus-inducing drug. Antithyroid antibodies (anti-TPO and/or anti-Tg antibodies) were found in only 3 patients (3.3%). Three patients (3.3%) were positive for antigastric parietal cell antibodies and 4 (4.4%) were weakly positive for antismooth muscle antibodies. Antimitochondria and LKM antibodies were negative in all 90 patients. Anti-CCP and anti-dsDNA antibodies were negative in the 69 and 22 patients tested, respectively. One out of 43 patients (2.3%) had anti-SSA antibodies. Antiendomysium antibodies were negative in the 55 patients tested.Our study indicates an increased prevalence of autoantibodies in SAPHO syndrome, with no specific profile. We failed to confirm the reports of an increased prevalence of antithyroid antibodies. These results tend to support a link between autoimmunity and SAPHO syndrome.

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