Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy

Bhopal, India

Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy

Bhopal, India
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Bardiya R.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy | Shrivastava V.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy | Jain U.K.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy
International Journal of PharmTech Research | Year: 2013

Background and the purpose of the study: Microspheres have been evaluated as alternative vaccine adjuvants. Despite encouraging results, concerns about stability of antigens in microspheres have held back the rapid progress of polymeric delivery systems. The first emulsification step during microencapsulation is considered a primary cause for protein denaturation and aggregation. The aim of work was to investigate the capabilities of saponin enriched extracts from different parts of plant fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) to act as surfactant & stabilize the model antigen at the interface. Methods: Saponin enriched extracts were prepared from different parts of the plant Trigonella foenum graceum. Simulation studies were performed to evaluate the ability of saponin enriched extract to prevent inactivation and loss of test antigen HBsAg upon its exposure to water/dichloromethane interface. Results: All the extracts (roots, seeds, stems and leaves) showed antigen stabilizing potentials in simulation studies. Root extract showed highest antigen stabilizing capabilities followed by seed extract and leaf extract. Major Conclusion: Herbal saponins if utilized to stabilize antigen during microencapsulation, they may play dual role i.e. stabilize antigen during microencapsulation and at the same time serve as vaccine adjuvant upon in vivo administration.


Gupta V.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy | Jain U.K.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy
Der Pharmacia Lettre | Year: 2011

Pancasama churna (PSC) is an Ayurvedic formulation containing Piper species (Piper longum) as main ingredients. This study was aimed to develop finger printing methods for well-known Ayurvedic formulation. Three batches of PSC were prepared in the laboratory and three different marketed formulations were procured from Ayurvedic medicine shop. A HPLC method was developed for the estimation of Piperine in laboratory and marketed formulations. The concentration of Piperine in raw material was found to be 1.41±0.62 w/w in Piper longum fruits (pippli). The content of Piperine in laboratory formulations (PSC-I, II, III) were found to be 0.21±0.006,0.23±0.008,and 0.22±0.002 respectively and in different marketed formulations of PSC were PSC-A (0.25 ±0.004 %), PSC-B (0.26±0.006%), PSC-C (0.27±0.002 %) w/w respectively. In order to obtain precision and accuracy the recovery study was performed and result obtained with mean value 98.99%, which prove reproducibility of the result. This show significant precision of methods at 95% confidence level. The mean of % RSD value was found to be 0.094 with the mean standard error 0.036. Results of statistical analysis show present HPLC method for determination of Piperine is simple, precise, accurate and suitable for routine analysis of Piperine in PSC. The developed fingerprints can be used as a standard and Piperine can be used as a possible marker compound for fingerprinting of PSC.


Shrivastava V.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy | Purwal L.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy | Jain U.K.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy
International Journal of PharmTech Research | Year: 2010

Head lice, Pediculus humanus var capitis are a global health concern and direct head-to-head contact is needed for their transmission. Head-lice infestations are ranked third after diarrhoea and conjunctivitis as the most reported conditions. Herbal medicines, can be promising as alternative pediculicides as these do not have residual activity. Citrus limon (commonly known as lemon) is a species belonging to family Rutaceae. Lemon has been used for both culinary and medicinal purposes. In an attempt to assess the lethality of Citrus limon juice towards human head lice, the effect of juice was tested in in vitro toxicity model against human adult lice and the lice were observed for lack of response to stimuli over 3 hour period. The results confirmed that raw Citrus limon juice and 1/2 diluted juice showed pediculicidal efficacies of 95±5 per cent and 90±10 per cent respectively (P< 0.05 over control).


Shrivastava V.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy | Shrivastava V.,University of Hyderabad | Jain U.K.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy
Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia | Year: 2013

The study reports on the development of a novel hepatitis b vaccine prepared by physically mixing smaller microparticles (8-12 μm; blend PCL-PLGA; containing equivalent to 10μg HBsAg) with larger microparticles (12-20 μm; blend PCL-PLA; entrapping 10μg HBsAg). The vaccine was reconstituted with alum adsorbed HBsAg (equivalent to 10μg HBsAg) and was injected in BALB/c mice subcutaneously as single dose (Total 30 μg HBsAg). The generated immune responses in mice was investigated by Enzyme Linked Immunosorbate Assay (ELISA) technique and was compared with the response generated with alum based vaccine (control group) injected three times at 0, 4, 24 weeks in mice (Total 30 μg HBsAg). The peak antibody titer (4.6491 ± 1.20) generated by vaccine formulation (test group) after single injection were comparable to the control group (4.9099 ± 0.78). The titers sustained in both test & Control groups during 25 week study period. However, at the end of 25th week the titers were slightly higher for control group. The study has shown the feasibility of blend polymeric microparticles as vaccine carrier.


Purwal L.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy | Shrivastava V.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy | Jain U.K.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2010

Head louse infestation is difficult to control because of increasing lice resistance to synthetic licicidal drugs. Plant's Essential oils have been extensively used in traditional medicine for the eradication of head lice and the insecticidal potency of some essential oils suggest that they may find an application in the control of head lice. The aim of the present study was to investigate the pediculicidal activity (licicidal activity on head lice- Pediculus humanus Capitis)of test formulation containing a combination of essential oils of Cymbopogan citratus and Mentha piperita oil. A filter paper diffusion bioassay method was carried out in order to determine the pediculicidal activity of formulations. The pediculicidal potential of the formulation containing combined essential oils of Cymbopogan citratus and Mentha piperita oil was found to be excellent and the mean death time observed with this group was 61±3.16 minutes, which was comparable to positive control group (mean death time 51±2.62 minutes, mean ±SEM).


Jain S.K.,Guru Ghasidas University | Shukla M.,P.A. College | Shrivastava V.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy
Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin | Year: 2010

The aim of present study was to prepare and evaluate mouth dissolving tablets of ibuprofen (IBU). Ternary solid dispersion (SD) of IBU was prepared using PEG 4000 as carrier and Tween 80 as surfactant. The SD formulations were prepared by solvent evaporation and melt solvent method by varying ratio of PEG 4000. Different weight ratio of carrier, drug and surfactant 5:5:1, 10:5:1, 25:5:1, 35:5:1 and 45:5:1 was taken. The prepared SD formulations were characterized by Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FT-IR) spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and in vitro drug release. Mouth dissolving tablets of IBU were formulated using optimized SD formulation of carrier : drug : surfactant ratio, 10:5:1 along with superdisintegrants. The best developed formulation was compared with marketed tablet product of IBU. From IR and XRD studies, it may be concluded that there is change in crystalline form of drug into amorphous during formation of SD. From DSC studies, it was predicted that drug was completely dissolved in the carrier. Mouth dissolving tablets containing Ac-Di-Sol (12%) as super-disintegrant showed the fastest disintegration (202s) and in vitro drug release (84.57%). The release pattern of all developed formulations followed Peppas-Korsmeyer model as the plot between log cumulative % drug released versus log time showed good linearity (r>0.99) with a comparatively high slope (n) value within the range of 0.44-0.67. The tablets containing SD exhibited better dissolution profile than commercial tablets. © 2010 Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.


Gupta N.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy | Jain U.K.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy
Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology | Year: 2011

Wound a clinical entity is as old as mankind, often possesses problems in clinical practice. Naturally the investigative curiosity to promote the healing continues since ages. A lot of research has been envisaged to develop the better healing agents and it has been a challenging task to generate them and keep up the pace with problems encountered. Several drugs of plant, mineral, and animal origin are described in the Ayurveda for their wound healing properties. Most of these drugs are derived from plant origin. Some of these plants have been screened scientifically for the evaluation of their wound healing activity in different pharmacological models. Some Ayurvedic medicinal plants namely, Argemone mexicana, Boerhaavia diffusa, Catharanthus roseas, Diospyros cardifolia, Eclipta alba, Ficus religiosa, Hypericum perforatum, Lawsonia inermis, Merremia tridentate, and Swertia chirata, were found to be effective in experimental models. The rapidity of wound healing depends to a considerable extent on the contraction that begins a few days after injury and continues for a several weeks. In the present review attempts are made to understand various aspects of wound healing in terms of percentage closure of wound, period of complete epithelialization, tensile strength, histopathology, weight of granuloma in different wound models. © RJPT All right reserved.


Patel A.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy | Jain U.K.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy | Gupta N.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy | Raghuvanshi A.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy
Oriental Journal of Chemistry | Year: 2010

By optimizing the extraction, separation and analytical conditions, a reliable, rapid, simple and accurate liquid chromatography method with UV detection was developed for the quantitative determination of negundoside In an ayurvedic preparation Nirgundi taila The estimation of negundoside was achieved on an reversed phase C18, column (250 mm × 4.6 mm ID, 5 μm particle size), with lsocratic elution using a mixture of acetonitrile-methanol (70:30, v/v) at a flow rate of 1 mL min-1 with UV detection at 254 nm, the sample injection volume was 10μL. The calibration curve was linear with correlation coefficients of 0.9996 for negundoside. The % Relative standard deviation (%RSD) value was less than 2% in the concentration range of 10-100 μg mL-1. Intra-day assay and Inter-day assay precision of the analyte was less than 2%, and the average recovery rate obtained was in the range of 98-102% with %RSD below 2%. This method can provide a scientific and technical platform to the product manufacturers for setting up a quality control standard as well as to the public for quality and safety assurance of the proprietary ayurvedic formulations.


Gupta V.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy | Jain U.K.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2011

Ajmodadi churna (AJC) is an Ayurvedic formulation containing Piper species (Piper longum in both form root and fruit and Piper nigrum) as main ingredients. It is a traditional Ayurvedic oral Herbal formulation, available as a popular proprietary, from most manufacturers of ayurvedic drugs. A selective, precise and accurate High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography (HPTLC) method has been developed for the simultaneous quantification of Piperine in Ajmodadi churna as well as its bulk drug. The method employed TLC aluminum plate precoated with silica gel 60 F254 as a stationary phase. The solvent system consists of Toluene: Ethyl acetate( 7 : 3 % v/v). This system was found to give compact spot for Piperine. Densiometric analysis was carried out in the absorbance mode at 254 nm. The linear regression analysis data for the calibration plot showed good linear relation with r2 = 0.992 and with respect to peak area for Piperine, in concentration range 0.5-20 μg/spot. The method was validated for precision (0.173), recovery (99.43%), Limit of Detection (0.063mg/ml) and Limit of Quantification (0.071mg/ml). The proposed HPTLC method can be used for the quality control of the raw materials as well as formulations. Piperine in Piper longum and Piper nigrum are reported to be the active components in the formulation AJC and can be considered as marker compounds. Therefore, HPTLC method has been developed for the estimation of these marker compounds 11, and also to develop finger print profile for the standard formulation of Ajmodadi churna so that these parameters can be compared with any marketed formulation for evaluating its purity and quality. The proposed method has been validated as per ICH guidelines.12-13 © 2010 RJPBCS.


Gupta N.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy | Jain U.K.,Bhopal Institute of Technology and Science Pharmacy
African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines | Year: 2011

The present study was aimed to evaluate the wound healing activity of extract of bark part of Mimusops elengi. It is well-known plant in Indian traditional medicines. On the basis of traditional use and literature references, this plant was selected for wound healing potential. A methanolic extract of bark parts of Mimusops elengi was examined for wound healing activity in the form of ointment in three types of wound models on mice: the excision, the incision and dead space wound model. The extract ointments showed considerable response in all the above said wound models as comparable to those of a standard drug Betadine ointment in terms of wound contracting ability, wound closure time, tensile strength and dry granuloma weight. Histological analysis was also consistent with the proposal that Mimusops elengi bark extract exhibits significant wound healing.

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