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Shetty R.R.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital | Burde K.N.,SDM Dental College and Hospital | Guttal K.S.,SDM Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2016

Introduction: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a condition frequently referred to the specialist dental clinic for diagnosis and management. It is a disease of the skin and mucous membranes with oral manifestations too. It varies in appearance from keratotic to erythematous and ulcerative form. Immunosuppressants are frequently used for patients but some of these drugs could be implicated in malignant transformation, thus there is a clear need to find an alternative therapy for OLP. Aim: To evaluate the relief of symptoms and reduction in the size of the lesions of lichen planus with 0.2% hyaluronic acid topical application and to compare the efficacy of topical hyaluronic acid (0.2%) with that of patients on placebo. Materials and Methods: A randomized controlled study was conducted on 50 symptomatic and biopsy proven patients with lichen planus. The subjective symptoms like Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the objective symptoms like degree of erythema and mean area of the lesion were recorded preoperatively and on day 7, day 14, day 21 and day 28. The selected patients were divided randomly into group-I comprising of 25 patients who received topical 0.2% hyaluronic acid therapy for 14 days and group-II comprising of 25 patients who received topical application of placebo for 14 days. The statistical tests used were Mann-Whitney U test, t-test, Wilcoxon matched pairs test by ranks and paired t-test. Results: Symptomatic effect of soreness evaluation- there was a significant reduction in VAS scores in the test group as compared to placebo, similarly there was also significant reduction in the degree of erythema, change in the size of the lesion and area of the lesion in the test group. There was significant improvement in relief of symptoms, in the degree of erythema and mean area of the lesion in Group-I when compared with group-II. Conclusion: Topical application of 0.2% Hyaluronic acid showed a significant clinical response when compared to topical placebo. It is easy to use; hence a frequent application scheme should be advised to improve the efficacy of hyaluronic acid. © 2016, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved. Source

Kapoor P.,P.A. College | Deshmukh R.S.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2012

Background: Tumors require blood supply for their growth and dissemination. It is a well accepted paradigm that tumors recruit new blood vessels from the existing circulation (angiogenesis) and this participates in tumor invasion and metastasis. Studies in the literature provide evidence for expression of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) by the tumor for neo-angiogenesis, which is not only required for the tumor growth but also its metastasis. Based on the literary evidences we carried out an Immuno-Histochemical (IHC) study for VEGF in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) tissues to provide a strong link between the factor and oral cancer. Aim: To analyze the expression of VEGF in OSCC tissues of different histological grades, clinical sizes and lymph node status and to use this as an indicator for disease progression by helping in delineating a risk population, that may benefit from an attractive adjuvant therapeutic strategy for OSCC. Settings and Design: Studies published from 1990 till 2010 have only seen the association of VEGF with tumor angiogenesis and its possible role in metastasis. This is the first study that takes into account the clinical status of the lymph nodes and VEGF expressivity in a sample size of 30 cases. Materials and Methods: 30 oral squamous cell carcinoma tissue slides were stained using Hematoxylin and Eosin stain (to confirm the diagnosis) and immunohistochemically using VEGF antibody. IHC stained slides were thereafter evaluated for the positivity and intensity. Statistical Analysis: The result was subjected to statistical analysis using Chi-square test. Results and Conclusion: VEGF positivity was seen in approximately. 90% of cases which was independent of histological grade of OSCC. However the intensity increased with the clinical size of cancer and from palpable lymph node to a tender and hard lymph node. Source

Kale M.V.,Sinhagad Dental College and Hospital | Gadre K.S.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital | Kulkarni A.U.,Sinhagad Dental College and Hospital
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2012

A rare case of progressive osteolysis of mandible is discussed with clinicoradiological presentation. The purpose of the case report is to make the medical community aware of this rare and fascinating disorder in the maxillofacial region. The disease is characterised by spontaneous progressive osteolysis of one or more skeletal bones. Occurrence in maxillofacial region is rare with fewer than 35 reported cases affecting the facial and jaw bones. The present case report is about the mystery of bilaterally missing ascending rami. An attempt is made to draw attention of the medical fraternity to this unusual and rare entity which can induce instability, dysfunction and cosmetic disturbances. Copyright 2012 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved. Source

Dhuvad J.M.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Kshisagar R.A.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Aims: To compare vital parameters; operator’s comfort; and patient’s satisfaction during impacted third molar removal under local anaesthesia, with or without sedative agents.Materials and Methods: Ninety patients undergoing elective third molar surgery were randomly divided into three groups of 30 each: Group A received propofol along with local anaesthesia; Group B received midazolam along with local anaesthesia and Group C received local anaesthesia alone. After the local anaesthesia, with or without sedative agents, the impacted third molars were removed in Operation Theater.Results: Group A clearly showed advantages over Group B & C on all the parameters that we have selected.Conclusion: Even though the cost of propofol is high, suitable operating conditions, faster onset of sedation, rapid recovery, and minimal side effects support the use of this drug for conscious sedation for third molar surgery. © 2014, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved. Source

Dhuvad J.M.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Kshirsagar R.A.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2015

Background: Dental surgeons who encounter complex situations, such as those in unscheduled care, often have limited resources to provide a structured and specialty care. Therefore, there is always a need for cost-effective, easy to handle, easy to carry “Smartphones”. Objective: The purpose of this paper was to undertake a review of literature on “Smartphone in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery” online data-base and discuss the case series with emphasis on the role of attending dental surgeon and the maxillofacial surgeon. Materials and Methods: The available literature relevant to oral and maxillofacial surgery in online data-base of the United States National Library of Medicine: PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/) was searched. The inclusion criterion was to review the published clinical papers, abstracts and evidence based reviews on ‘Uses of Smartphone in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery’. Results: Six articles were found with the search term “Smartphone in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery” in the literature searched. Five articles met the inclusion criteria for the study. The relevant data was extracted, tabulated, and reviewed to draw evidence-based conclusions for uses of smartphone in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Conclusion: Utilization of smartphones in oral and maxillofacial surgery facilitate in differential diagnosis, treatment, follow up, prevention of the disease further and thereby improve the quality of patient care without requiring the presence of the maxillofacial surgeon in remote areas. © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved. Source

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