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Bangalore, India

Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited , owned by Government of India, is a power plant equipment manufacturer and operates as an engineering and manufacturing company based in New Delhi, India. Established in 1964, BHEL is India's largest engineering and manufacturing company of its kind. The company has been earning profits continuously since 1971-72 and paying dividends uninterruptedly since 1976-77. Wikipedia.

Satapathy L.N.,Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd.
Nanoscale Research Letters | Year: 2011

Ultrahigh performance cooling is one of the important needs of many industries. However, low thermal conductivity is a primary limitation in developing energy-efficient heat transfer fluids that are required for cooling purposes. Nanofluids are engineered by suspending nanoparticles with average sizes below 100 nm in heat transfer fluids such as water, oil, diesel, ethylene glycol, etc. Innovative heat transfer fluids are produced by suspending metallic or nonmetallic nanometer-sized solid particles. Experiments have shown that nanofluids have substantial higher thermal conductivities compared to the base fluids. These suspended nanoparticles can change the transport and thermal properties of the base fluid. As can be seen from the literature, extensive research has been carried out in alumina-water and CuO-water systems besides few reports in Cu-water-, TiO 2-, zirconia-, diamond-, SiC-, Fe 3O 4-, Ag-, Au-, and CNT-based systems. The aim of this review is to summarize recent developments in research on the stability of nanofluids, enhancement of thermal conductivities, viscosity, and heat transfer characteristics of alumina (Al 2O 3)-based nanofluids. The Al 2O 3 nanoparticles varied in the range of 13 to 302 nm to prepare nanofluids, and the observed enhancement in the thermal conductivity is 2% to 36%. © 2011 Sridhara and Satapathy.

Mann B.S.,Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd.
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance | Year: 2013

This article deals with water droplet and cavitation erosion behavior of diode laser-treated X10CrNiMoV1222 stainless steel and Ti6Al4V alloy. After laser surface treatment, the water droplet and cavitation erosion resistance (WDER and CER) of these materials improved significantly. The main reason for the improvement is the increased surface hardness and formation of fine-grained microstructures after laser surface treatment. It is observed that there is a similarity in both the phenomena. The WDER and CER can be correlated with a single mechanical property based on modified ultimate resilience (MUR) provided the laser-treated layers are free from microcracks and interface defects. The CER and WDER behavior of HPDL-treated X10CrNiMoV1222 stainless steel and Ti6Al4V alloy samples using different test equipment as per ASTM G32-2003 and ASTM G73-1978, their correlation with MUR, their damage mechanism compared on the basis of XRD analyses, optical and scanning electron micrographs are discussed and reported in this article. © 2013 ASM International.

Mann B.S.,Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd.
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance | Year: 2013

X20Cr13, a martensitic stainless steel, is commonly used for the manufacture of low pressure steam turbine (LPST) moving blades and LP bypass valves of fossil fuel and nuclear power plants. The LPST blades, at present, are laser surface treated to improve their water droplet erosion (WDE) resistance. The laser-treated X20Cr13 stainless steel has improved the water droplet resistance (WDER) several times compared to untreated ones. Further improvements are being carried out by providing a carbide-based HVOF coating having appropriate surface roughness or by creating textured surfaces and treating with a high power diode laser. The surfaces, having appropriate roughness, absorb more laser energy, resulting in improved microstructure, microhardness, modified ultimate resilience, thicker hardened layer. The WDER of laser-treated textured X20Cr13 stainless steel has improved significantly compared to the untextured ones. The WDE test results of laser-treated textured and untextured X20Cr13 stainless steel along with their microhardness, modified ultimate resilience, microstructure, SEM, XRD analysis are discussed and reported in this paper. The laser-treated textured X20Cr13 stainless steel is highly suitable for LP bypass valves and LPST blades for achieving a thicker hardened layer with lesser heat input to the components. © 2013 ASM International.

Bhasker C.,Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd.
Advances in Engineering Software | Year: 2010

The problem of ash settling on super-heater tube bank, due to improper velocity distribution, in the cyclone separator used at Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion (CFBC) has been investigated by means of computational fluid dynamic techniques. With the help of Computational Aided Design (CAD) software packages, the geometries of recycling cyclone, has been constructed. With the suitable domain decomposition for the cyclone geometry, multi-block structured mesh has been generated and exported to commercial Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) solver - TASCflow. After assembling these grids in the flow solver, duplicate elements at mating surfaces are eliminated through generalized grid interfaces. Incompressible viscous flow for the specified flow conditions are simulated and numerical results are interpreted through contour plots and streak lines. The velocity distribution pattern obtained from the analysis exhibits strong flow recirculation with large turbulent eddies in the cyclone outlet. The analysis also observed high pressure drop across the cyclone separator. To improve the velocity distribution and to reduce the pressure drop, geometry has been modified with the deflector plates in the outlet duct and repeated the simulation. The results obtained for modified geometry are encouraging and shown the improved velocity distribution pattern in the outlet duct. The calculation of particle trajectories depends upon Stokes number, relative velocity of fluid/particles and concentration of particles. If the Stokes number, defined as the ratio of particle response time to system response time is less than one, particles motion is inline with the fluid motion. If the Stokes number is greater than one, particle motion deviates the fluid streams. Effects of these particle impacts are significant on component surface, especially, when they reacts/rebounds the wall surfaces. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Mann B.S.,Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd.
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance | Year: 2013

This article deals with high power diode laser (HPDL) surface modification of twin wire arc-sprayed (TWAS) and high pressure high velocity oxy-fuel (HP-HVOF) coatings to combat solid particle erosion occurring in fossil fuel power plants. To overcome solid particle impact wear above 673 K, Cr 3C2-NiCr-, Cr3C2-CoNiCrAlY-, and WC-CrC-Ni-based HVOF coatings are used. WC-CoCr-based HVOF coatings are generally used below 673 K. Twin wire arc (TWA) spraying of Tafa 140 MXC and SHS 7170 cored wires is used for a wide range of applications for a temperature up to 1073 K. Laser surface modification of high chromium stainless steels for steam valve components and LPST blades is carried out regularly. TWA spraying using SHS 7170 cored wire, HP-HVOF coating using WC-CoCr powder, Ti6Al4V alloy, and high chromium stainless steels (X20Cr13, AISI 410, X10CrNiMoV1222, 13Cr4Ni, 17Cr4Ni) were selected in the present study. Using robotically controlled parameters, HPDL surface treatments of TWAS-coated high strength X10CrNiMoV1222 stainless steel and HP-HVOF-coated AISI 410 stainless steel samples were carried out and these were compared with HPDL-treated high chromium stainless steels and titanium alloy for high energy particle impact wear (HEPIW) resistance. The HPDL surface treatment of the coatings has improved the HEPIW resistance manifold. The improvement in HPDL-treated stainless steels and titanium alloys is marginal and it is not comparable with that of HPDL-treated coatings. These coatings were also compared with "as-sprayed" coatings for fracture toughness, microhardness, microstructure, and phase analyses. The HEPIW resistance has a strong relationship with the product of fracture toughness and microhardness of the HPDL-treated HP-HVOF and TWAS SHS 7170 coatings. This development opens up a possibility of using HPDL surface treatments in specialized areas where the problem of HEPIW is very severe. The HEPIW resistance of HPDL-treated high chromium stainless steels and titanium alloys, HPDL-treated TWAS SHS 7170 and HP-HVOF coatings, and their micrographs and X-ray diffraction analysis is reported in this article. © 2013 ASM International.

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