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Meenakshi S.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University | Meenakshi S.,Bhaktavatsalam Memorial College for Women | Murugan A.,Drambedhkar Government Arts College
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research | Year: 2015

In India, e-governance in healthcare sector has become a compulsion in recent past. At the same time, we have to keep in mind that India has certain obstacles like vast geographical area, high population, transport problems, illiteracy and lack of nutritional awareness. But all these obstacles can be made into wings, if ICT applications in the health sector are taken to higher level of implementation. In our country, certain global IT giants are trying to improve e-governance in health services from the year 2006. It is done in government and private hospitals with enthusiasm and expectation. Medical science is fast developing and data relevant to it are raining all the time. Now, there is better scope for interlinking all types of health centres throughout the country. As the need is very urgent due to the emergence of new diseases forcing a real threat, deliverance of high quality medical service has become one of the biggest expectations of the people. This paper tries to review ICT applications at the national level in our country and also in the state of Tamil nadu. In particular, the experiments carried out in Tamil nadu through the ‘Tamil nadu Health Systems Project’(TNHSP) and the expectations remaining are addressed. The most important aspect of this project is to decrease the maternity mortality in the State. The Directorate of Medical and Rural Health Services has strongly advised the use of ‘PICME’ software to monitor the pregnant women regarding their health status and delivery of the child. ‘Dr. Muthulakshmi Reddy Maternity Benefit Scheme’(MRMBS) is linked with this process as an attempt to assist the poor pregnant women. The benefits of them are clearly seen all over the state. The challenges and achievements in connection with this process are also addressed in this paper. © Research India Publications. Source

Lakshman B.,Bhaktavatsalam Memorial College for Women | Radha R.,SDNB Vaishnav College for Women
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research | Year: 2015

Eye malady identified with diabetes that makes swelling and strange spillage of liquids and fats into the macula, where fine centering and focal vision happen. Due to the area of eye harm, disjoin diabetic maculopathy can bring about loss of focal vision and lack of sight. Hence, it is important to diagnize diabetic maculopathy at an early stage in a more efficient and automatic method. This paper gives complete review of various techniques used for automatic detection of Diabetic Maculopathy. The objective of this study to provide a complete overview of various methods and techniques used by many researchers to automate the detection of Diabetic Maculopathy. © Research India Publications. Source

Radha R.,SDNB Vaishnav College | Lakshman B.,Bhaktavatsalam Memorial College for Women
Proceedings - 2014 World Congress on Computing and Communication Technologies, WCCCT 2014 | Year: 2014

This paper demonstrates a method for the detection and extraction of features like optic disc and macula from the retinal images. Digital fundus images are becoming popular for the diagnosis of ophthalmic pathologies. Due to this, there is an increasing possibility of applying digital image processing techniques and methods in these images to m the make the diagnosis more easier. In this paper first bit plane separation is done to the pre-processed retinal image. To carry the vital information of the location of optic disc and macula are found by bit plane 0 and bit plane 1. The exact boundary is identified by applying mathematical morphology. The proposed algorithm is simple and has been evaluated on the images collected from a reputed eye hospital. An accuracy of 91% was obtained in extracting the optic disc and macula from the retinal image. © 2014 IEEE. Source

Lakshman B.,Bhaktavatsalam Memorial College for Women | Radha R.,SDNB Vaishnav College for Women
ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences | Year: 2015

Early diagnosis of vision abnormalities is key focus for medical experts in order to start treatment earlier, particularly for Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) treatment. In this paper, we have presented a simple, novel algorithm to find the optic disc (OD) and macula in color retinal images which is a fundamental step in DR analysis. The proposed segmentation algorithm involves various image processing techniques such as bit-plane slicing, edge direction detection, HSI color space conversion and block searching using wavelet transformation matrix. © 2006-2015 Asian Research Publishing Network (ARPN). Source

Vanitha V.,University | Uma Devi K.J.,Bhaktavatsalam Memorial College for Women | Vijayalakshmi K.,Bharathi Womens College
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2016

The plant, Annona squamosa traditionally known as custard apple possesses potent bioactive principles in all its parts. The effect of ethyl acetate fraction of ethanolic leaf extract of Annona squamosa (EAELAS) was studied on a HepG2 cell line. The role of phytonutrients present in the active ethyl acetate fraction of the ethanolic leaf Annona squamosa in regulating the balance between cell proliferation and apoptosis via modulating the expression pattern of proliferation and apoptosis regulating genes in HepG2 cell line was analyzed by studying the mRNA levels of two genes Bcl2, and P53 involved in apoptotic pathway. The EAELAS caused significant apoptotic tumor cell death with enhanced Caspase 3 activity, down regulation of antiapoptotic gene Bcl-2. In this study, apoptosis was upregulated by p53 and caspase 3 expressions and simultaneously down regulating the Bcl2. Thus, the extract increased nuclear condensation and DNA fragmentation and the ability of the active fraction from Annona squamosa was potent to induce apoptosis by a cascade of events suggests that it might be an ideal therapeutic for many solid tumors of the liver. Source

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