Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College

Sāgar, India

Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College

Sāgar, India
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Jain R.,Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College | Jain P.,Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College
International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Review and Research | Year: 2016

Diabetes mellitus is an endocrinological and metabolic disorder with an increasing global prevalence and incidence. High blood glucose levels are symptomatic of diabetes mellitus as a consequence of inadequate pancreatic insulin secretion or poor insulin-directed mobilization of glucose by target cells. Diabetes mellitus is aggravated by and associated with metabolic complications that can subsequently lead to premature death. The diagnosis of diabetes in an asymptomatic subject should never be made on the basis of a single abnormal blood glucose value. For the asymptomatic person, at least one additional plasma/blood glucose test result with a value in the diabetic range is essential, either fasting, from a random (casual) sample, or from the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). If such samples fail to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, it will usually be advisable to maintain surveillance with periodic re-testing until the diagnostic situation becomes clear. In these circumstances, the clinician should take into consideration such additional factors as ethnicity, family history, age, adiposity, and concomitant disorders, before deciding on a diagnostic or therapeutic course of action. An alternative to blood glucose estimation or the OGTT has long been sought to simplify the diagnosis of diabetes. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that can be prevented through lifestyle modification, diet control, and control of overweight and obesity. Education of the populace is still key to the control of this emerging epidemic. Novel drugs are being developed, yet no cure is available in sight for the disease, despite new insight into the pathophysiology of the disease. © 2016 The Authors.


Vaidya A.,Pharmacy College | Jain S.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University | Jain P.,Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College | Tiwari N.,Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College | And 3 more authors.
Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2016

Recently, there has been wide interest in compounds containing the oxadiazole scaffold because of their unique chemical structure and their broad spectrum of biological properties. This review provides readers with an overview of the main synthetic methodologies for oxadiazoles and of their broad spectrum of pharmacological activities such as, anti-microbial, anti-fungal activity, antiviral, anti-tubercular, anti-inflammatory, anti-convulsant, anti-angiogenic, anti-proliferative, analgesic, anti-oedema and in alzheimer activity, which were reported over the past years. © 2016 Bentham Science Publishers.


Yadav A.K.,Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology | Year: 2016

The objective of present work was to enquire the potential use of embelin-loaded nanolipid carriers for brain targeting. The average particle size and polydispersity index (PDI) of optimized formulation (F19) were found to be 152 ± 19.7 nm and 0.143 ± 0.023, respectively. Nanolipid carrier (NLC) was also significantly attenuated pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced biochemical parameters in comparison to plain embelin that results in an increase in the level of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitrite, and reduction in the level of glutathione. From the results, it was concluded that embelin-NLCs developed as a beneficial carrier to achieve sustained release and brain targeting through nasal route. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group


Jain A.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University | Jain A.,Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College | Jain S.,Shobhit University | Jain S.,Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College | And 2 more authors.
Drug Delivery and Translational Research | Year: 2015

Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide, the deaths are projected to continue rising, with an estimated 12 million deaths in 2030. The aim of the present investigation is to prepare and compare the uncoated (U-CH NP) and eudragit S 100-coated (E-U-CH NP) chitosan nanoparticles encapsulating a caspase 3 activator (UCN 01), by ionic gelation method. The prepared formulations were studied for various parameters like particles size, zeta potential, transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, in vitro release study, ex vivo study using Caco 2 colon cancer cell line, and in vivo studies. The particle size and zeta potential of developed formulation was found to be particle size of 168 ± 3.7 nm and +35.8 ± 3.7 for U-CH NP and 265 ± 4.1 nm and +22.3 ± 1.1 for E-U-CH NP. TEM and AFM images revealed that U-CH NPs were round in shape and smoother at surface as compared to E-U-CH NP which have irregular surface due to coating. The E-U-CH NP showed better in vitro release than uncoated formulation in SCF (pH 6.8) than in SGF (pH 1.2). The cytotoxicity was performed by MTT assay. U-CH NP showed enhanced cytotoxicity as compared to blank (without drug) formulation. There was an increase in caspase 3 activity of U-CH NP as compared to UCN 01 alone. E-U-CH NP showed better tumor regression ability than U-CH NP. The results of plasma profile and tumor regression study demonstrated that E-U-CH NP has continuous release profile of UCN 01 and comprehensive residence time. Thus, it is better acceptable than free UCN 01 and may be a potential delivery system for the targeting and treatment of colon cancer. © 2015, Controlled Release Society.


PubMed | Panjab University, Georgia Regents University, Bhagyoday tirth Pharmacy College, M. S. University of Baroda and Dr Hari Singh Gour University
Type: | Journal: Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces | Year: 2014

Salient features such as controlled release, target ability, potential of penetration, improved physical stability, low cost compared to phospholipids, and ease of scaling-up makes solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) a viable alternative to liposomes for effective drug delivery. Adapalene (ADA) is a second generation retinoid effective in treating various dermatologic disorders such as Acne vulgaris with a few noticeable dose-mediated side effects. The present study was aimed at developing and characterizing ADA loaded SLNs for effective topical delivery. The formulated SLN system was characterized for particle size, poly dispersity index, entrapment efficiency and drug release properties. The resultant formulation (ADA loaded SLNs incorporated into carbopol hydrogel) was evaluated for in vitro drug release, skin permeation and bio-distribution, rheological behaviour, and texture profile analysis. The SLNs based ADA gel has shown its potential in targeting skin epidermal layer, and reducing systemic penetration. The developed system can avoid systemic uptake of ADA in skin layers, and can localize drug in skin epidermis as confirmed by rat skin model. Our results advocate potential of SLNs as a novel carrier for topical delivery of ADA in topical therapeutic approaches. This study open new avenues for drug delivery which better meets the need of anti-acne research.


Jain D.,Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College
Biomatter | Year: 2011

Pulsatile drug delivery systems (PDDS) have attracted attraction because of their multiple benefits over conventional dosage forms. They deliver the drug at the right time, at the right site of action and in the right amount, which provides more benefit than conventional dosages and increased patient compliance. These systems are designed according to the circadian rhythm of the body, and the drug is released rapidly and completely as a pulse after a lag time. These products follow the sigmoid release profile characterized by a time period. These systems are beneficial for drugs with chronopharmacological behavior, where nocturnal dosing is required, and for drugs that show the first-pass effect. This review covers methods and marketed technologies that have been developed to achieve pulsatile delivery. Marketed technologies, such as Pulsincap™, Diffucaps(®), CODAS(®), OROS(®) and PULSYS™, follow the above mechanism to render a sigmoidal drug release profile. Diseases wherein PDDS are promising include asthma, peptic ulcers, cardiovascular ailments, arthritis and attention deficit syndrome in children and hypercholesterolemia. Pulsatile drug delivery systems have the potential to bring new developments in the therapy of many diseases.


Jain V.,Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College
Biomatter | Year: 2011

For treating colonic diseases, conventional oral drug delivery systems are not effective, as they fail to reach the appropriate site of action. Thus, there is a need to develop effective and safe therapy for the treatment of colonic disorders. The aim of the present study was to design a colon-specific delivery system for an anti-inflammatory drug, mesalamine, with minimal degradation and optimum delivery of the drug with relatively higher local concentration, which may provide more effective therapy for inflammatory bowel disease including Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis. Factorial designs (four factors and two levels) for eudragit S-100 (pH-dependent polymer)-coated, pectin (natural polysaccharides)-based microspheres of mesalamine were constructed and conducted in a fully randomized manner to study all possible combinations. Based on the desirability function formulation, F14 was found to be the best formulation. The overall desirability coefficient of formulation F14 was found to be 0.825. The formulation F14 was subjected to in vitro release studies, and the results were evaluated kinetically and statistically. The microspheres started releasing the drug at the beginning of 7th hour, which corresponds to the arrival time at proximal colon. The cumulative percent drug release for formulation F14 at the end of 16 h was found to be 98%. The release kinetics showed that the release followed the Higuchi model, and the main mechanism of drug release was diffusion. The study presents a new approach for colon-specific drug delivery.


Garg A.,Guru Ramdas Khalsa Institute of Science and Technology | Patel V.,Guru Ramdas Khalsa Institute of Science and Technology | Sharma R.,Drug Delivery Research Laboratory | Jain A.,Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College | Yadav A.K.,Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology | Year: 2016

The aim of the present work is to formulate heparin-modified-polycaprolactone (HEP) core shell nanoparticles (NPs) of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). These NPs were characterized for various in vitro parameters like particle size, zeta potential, etc. HEP NPs were found to maintain comparatively slower drug release pattern (98.9% in 96 h) than PCL NPs. Cytotoxicity studies demonstrated a massive cytotoxic potential of 5-FU-loaded HEP NPs in A549, MDA-MD-435, and SK-OV-3 cancer cell lines. Pharmacokinetic parameters were also determined in blood after IV administration of HEP NPs: AUC, Cmax, MRT, and Tmax values are 6096.075 ± 5.90 μg h/mL, 144.38 ± 1.52 μg/L, 58.71 ± 0.25 h, 96 ± 0.50 h, respectively and 117.92 ± 1.78, 45.35 ± 3.00, 1.2 ± 0.25, 0.5 ± 0.02 in plain 5-FU solution. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group


PubMed | Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biomatter | Year: 2013

Pulsatile drug delivery systems (PDDS) have attracted attraction because of their multiple benefits over conventional dosage forms. They deliver the drug at the right time, at the right site of action and in the right amount, which provides more benefit than conventional dosages and increased patient compliance. These systems are designed according to the circadian rhythm of the body, and the drug is released rapidly and completely as a pulse after a lag time. These products follow the sigmoid release profile characterized by a time period. These systems are beneficial for drugs with chronopharmacological behavior, where nocturnal dosing is required, and for drugs that show the first-pass effect. This review covers methods and marketed technologies that have been developed to achieve pulsatile delivery. Marketed technologies, such as Pulsincap, Diffucaps(), CODAS(), OROS() and PULSYS, follow the above mechanism to render a sigmoidal drug release profile. Diseases wherein PDDS are promising include asthma, peptic ulcers, cardiovascular ailments, arthritis and attention deficit syndrome in children and hypercholesterolemia. Pulsatile drug delivery systems have the potential to bring new developments in the therapy of many diseases.


PubMed | Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biomatter | Year: 2013

For treating colonic diseases, conventional oral drug delivery systems are not effective, as they fail to reach the appropriate site of action. Thus, there is a need to develop effective and safe therapy for the treatment of colonic disorders. The aim of the present study was to design a colon-specific delivery system for an anti-inflammatory drug, mesalamine, with minimal degradation and optimum delivery of the drug with relatively higher local concentration, which may provide more effective therapy for inflammatory bowel disease including Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis. Factorial designs (four factors and two levels) for eudragit S-100 (pH-dependent polymer)-coated, pectin (natural polysaccharides)-based microspheres of mesalamine were constructed and conducted in a fully randomized manner to study all possible combinations. Based on the desirability function formulation, F14 was found to be the best formulation. The overall desirability coefficient of formulation F14 was found to be 0.825. The formulation F14 was subjected to in vitro release studies, and the results were evaluated kinetically and statistically. The microspheres started releasing the drug at the beginning of 7th hour, which corresponds to the arrival time at proximal colon. The cumulative percent drug release for formulation F14 at the end of 16 h was found to be 98%. The release kinetics showed that the release followed the Higuchi model, and the main mechanism of drug release was diffusion. The study presents a new approach for colon-specific drug delivery.

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