Li Y.,BGI Shenzhen
Recent studies in human genomes have demonstrated the use of de novo assemblies to identify genetic variations that are difficult for mapping-based approaches. Construction of multiple human genome assemblies is enabled by massively parallel sequencing, but a conventional bioinformatics solution is costly and slow, creating bottlenecks in the process. This review describes two public short-read de novo assembly applications that can handle human genomes, ABySS and SOAPdenovo. It also discusses the technical aspects and future challenges of human genome de novo assembly by short reads. Source
Yang X.,BGI Shenzhen
Yi chuan = Hereditas / Zhongguo yi chuan xue hui bian ji
In recent years, new-generation high-throughput technologies, including next-generation sequencing technology and mass spectrometry method, have been widely applied in solving biological problems, especially in human diseases field. This data driven, large-scale and industrialized research model enables the omnidirectional and multi-level study of human diseases from the perspectives of genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics levels, etc. In this paper, the latest development of the high-throughput technologies that applied in DNA, RNA, epigenomics, metagenomics including proteomics and some applications in translational medicine are reviewed. At genomics level, exome sequencing has been the hot spot of the recent research. However, the predominance of whole genome resequencing in detecting large structural variants within the whole genome level is coming to stand out as the drop of sequencing cost, which also makes it possible for personalized genome based medicine application. At trancriptomics level, e.g., small RNA sequencing can be used to detect known and predict unknown miRNA. Those small RNA could not only be the biomarkers for disease diagnosis and prognosis, but also show the potential of disease treatment. At proteomics level, e.g., target proteomics can be used to detect the possible disease-related protein or peptides, which can be useful index for clinical staging and typing. Furthermore, the application and development of trans-omics study in disease research are briefly introduced. By applying bioinformatics technologies for integrating multi-omics data, the mechanism, diagnosis and therapy of the disease are likely to be systemically explained and realized, so as to provide powerful tools for disease diagnosis and therapies. Source
Zhang C.,BGI Shenzhen
Twenty-seven novel human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II alleles in Chinese Marrow Donors are described: 10 HLA-DRB1 alleles and 17 HLA-DQB1 alleles. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source
BGI Shenzhen Co. and Bgi Shenzhen | Date: 2013-06-05
Biomarkers for diabetes and usages thereof are provided. And the biomarkers are nucleotides having polynucleotide sequences defined in SEQ ID NOs: 1-50.
BGI Shenzhen Co. and Bgi Shenzhen | Date: 2012-10-16
Provided are a method of constructing a nucleic acid library, a method of determining a nucleic acid sequence of a nucleic acid sample, and a kit thereof. The method of constructing the nucleic acid library includes the following steps: subjecting a nucleic acid sample to a DOP-PCR amplification, to obtain a first PCR amplification product; subjecting the first PCR amplification product to a second PCR amplification using a DOP-Amp primer, to obtain a second PCR amplification product; and subjecting the second PCR amplification product to an adaptor-ligation PCR, to obtain a third PCR amplification product, wherein the third PCR amplification product constitutes the nucleic acid library.