West Jerusalem, Israel

Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design

West Jerusalem, Israel

Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design is Israel's national school of art, founded in 1906 by Boris Schatz. It is named for the Biblical figure Bezalel, son of Uri , who was appointed by Moses to oversee the design and construction of the Tabernacle . Wikipedia.

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Raz G.,Wohl institute for Advanced Imaging | Raz G.,Tel Aviv University | Jacob Y.,Wohl institute for Advanced Imaging | Jacob Y.,Tel Aviv University | And 10 more authors.
Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience | Year: 2014

Two empathy-related processes were recently distinguished neuroscientifically: automatic embodied-simulation (ES) based on visceromotor representation of another's affective state via cingulo-insulary circuit, and emotional sharing relying on cognitive 'theory of mind' (ToM) via prefrontal-temporoparietal circuit. Evidence that these regions are not only activated but also function as networks during empathic experience has yet to been shown. Employing a novel approach by analyzing fMRI fluctuations of network cohesion while viewing films portraying personal loss, this study demonstrates increased connectivity during empathic engagement (probed by behavioral and parasympathetic indices) both within these circuits, and between them and a set of limbic regions. Notably, this effect was context-dependent: when witnessing as a determined-loss presented as a future event, the ToM and ToM-limbic cohesion positively correlated with state- and empathy indices. During the dramatic peak of this condition, the ToM cohesion was positively correlated with the trait-empathy index of personal distress. However, when the loss was presented as a probabilistic real-time occurrence, ToM cohesion negatively correlated with state-empathy index, which positively correlated with ES-limbic cohesion. In this case, it was the ES-limbic cohesion during the emotional peak which was correlated with personal distress scores. The findings indicate a dichotomy between regulated empathy toward determinedloss and vicarious empathy toward a real-time occurrence. © The Author (2013). Published by Oxford University Press.

Ventura J.,Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design
Design Principles and Practices | Year: 2011

How far goes the industrial designer's influence? In an ethnographical research, which took part over the period of 16 months, I delved into the complex world of industrial designers in order to illuminate this question. This research focuses on the various social, cultural and technological "agentic" abilities of the industrial designer. The designer stands in a unique place situated in the midst of the "holy trinity" of the design world, consisted of the designer, the customer (the brad or company) and the user/buyer. However, in contrast to my first impression, the designer was not found out to be a social agent (as in the classical sociological term), but rather an intermediary and a semiotic translator. As an intermediary, the designer tries to juggle the user's and customer's needs, hence articulating these in the designed product. The main methods by which the designer acts is by doing ethnographic research, using different modelling stages to decipher the user's needs, and finally by using semiotic translation to articulate these needs in the designed product . By using these methods the designer acts as a mediator combining the client's and user's needs in the 3D object, which in turn manifests the "holy trinity's" needs. © Common Ground, Jonathan Ventura, All Rights Reserved.

Ventura J.,Royal College of Art | Ventura J.,Hadassah College | Shvo G.,Hadassah College | Shvo G.,Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design
International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation | Year: 2016

Among Roland Barthes’ theoretical universe, a central concept tends to be ignored – what Barthes defined as semioclastics {This term echoes with the famous historical iconoclasm}, i.e. the deconstruction of a symbol or a semiotic system. In this article, we claim that semioclastics can be applied as an inherent part of the design toolkit and for understanding design processes. Although the presence of function makes the possibility of a total deconstruction of the original symbol difficult, we would like to reveal the spectrum of interpretations of the term and the way it expands the limits of design. Taking under consideration that design will always refer to questions of usability, we wish to portray the changes in attitude towards the product and its sign, while looking through a “semioclastics filter.” © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2010.2.3-1 | Award Amount: 4.11M | Year: 2011

The DESURBS project makes significant and novel advances with the following developments: 1) An urban space security event database that includes incidents or near misses that have (or might have) resulted in injury or loss of life, damage to urban spaces, the auxiliary infrastructures supporting those spaces, or the surrounding natural environment 2) An integrated security and resilience (ISR) design framework that engages local stakeholders for identifying vulnerabilities and improving urban spaces with respect to security threats. 3) Comprehensive and generic supporting tools and methodologies including urban resilient design guidelines and quantitative risk and vulnerability assessment models, tools and technologies to facilitate the qualitative ISR assessment process. 4) A web-based Decision Support System Portal integrating the projects outputs and including tailored visualization and mapping tools to help end users better understand the vulnerabilities and design possibilities. An objective rating scale for quantifying safety of different urban space designs is developed and used to show that DESURBS solutions result in urban spaces less prone for and less affected by security threats. Primary case studies with end users in Jerusalem in Israel, Nottingham in the UK and Barcelona in Spain inform the development process. The consortium consists of eight partners from five countries, and includes academic and research institutions as well as an SME for exploiting the projects outputs among end-users and stakeholders. The SME partner is committed to maintaining, updating and hosting the DESURBS Decision Support System Portal and associated databases and tools after the lifetime of the project. An Advisory Board with members from governmental and municipal urban planning and preparedness organizations ensures that the DESURBS advances are relevant, exploitable and will have the desired impact for end users.

Yacobi H.,Ben - Gurion University of the Negev | Yacobi H.,Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design
Journal of Architecture | Year: 2016

This article examines critically the role of architecture in the construction of national identity, using the case of the Israeli Supreme Court building. Through critical discourse analysis of texts that accompanied the design and construction of this building, I propose to study the interrelations between the production of the architectural object and the practice of the construction of an Israeli national identity. The existing body of knowledge that supports this article claims that the creation of national identity is a socially constructed process, which involves a variety of practices including education, music, army service, as well as the design of the built environment. It is important to note that the realisation of such practices does not occur as a natural process, but rather as a result of power relations, embodied within the national sphere. Following this line of argument, the paper proposes a critical approach, which aims to move towards the politicisation of the term ‘sense of place’. In this context, concentrating on the Israeli Supreme Court building is not an arbitrary decision, since this institution is at the focus of the Israeli civil arena, and its building became a ‘land-mark’ and symbol of architectural quality. Following the texts written by the architects and critics, I would argue that this building reflects – and thus strengthens – the hegemonic interpretations of Israeli social and cultural reality. This interpretation is characterised by using selective historical and biblical references, in order to create through architecture an ‘iconographic bridge’ into an imagined collective past. However, this bridge reproduces the antinomies that frame Israeli space and transform it into ‘our place’, that is West versus East and Local versus Diaspora. © 2004 The Journal of Architecture.

Chmutina K.,Loughborough University | Ganor T.,Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design | Bosher L.,Loughborough University
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Urban Design and Planning | Year: 2014

Recent disasters in cities worldwide have highlighted the fragility of built environments to a range of hazards and increased concerns about the resilience of cities, with contemporary discussions considering how physical/protective interventions can be integrated into the built environment. It is important for the numerous stakeholders involved with the construction industry to take responsibility for integrating disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities into the planning, (re)design, construction and operation of the built environment. It is fundamentally important to understand which stakeholders should be involved and when their inputs are needed. Utilising two case studies in Jerusalem and Nottingham the role of key stakeholders in the integration of DRR activities into the urban design and planning process is evaluated. It is argued that there is a general lack of consensus regarding the roles of stakeholders and their levels of participation. This paper identifies the commonalities and differences between key stakeholders who should be responsible for integrating DRR activities into urban design and planning and emphasises the gaps in stakeholders’ involvement. It is argued that there is a need to engage construction stakeholders with a wider range of stakeholders who are typically not extensively involved in DRR, and ensure interaction among them. © ICE Publishing: All rights reserved

Friedman A.,Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design
Games and Culture | Year: 2015

This article examines the visual design of games. To this end, visual design is analyzed according to dynamic visual images, semiotics, and interaction using Deleuze's concept of "movement image." As part of the analysis, the article presents the winning games from the Independent Game Festival. The analysis of visual design provides structure aimed at showing how games attribute aesthetical value to gameplay and how elements of visual design and game design combine their inherent qualities to form a game. © The Author(s) 2014.

Arch A.F.,Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design
Sustainability (Switzerland) | Year: 2014

The city of Tel Aviv needs extensive urban renewal projects to answer the demand for housing. The area suitable for such a project is the older southern part of Tel Aviv, made up of small parcels of land with single units. This area has undergone an extreme gentrification process, which makes assembling small parcels into large ones a very difficult task. Owners holding out for higher prices may either prevent or significantly delay socially efficient redevelopment. The only current option for the Tel Aviv Municipality that will lead to efficient land assembly for private redevelopment currently is the option of private entrepreneurship. We wish to describe a mechanism that will solve the hold-out problem and lead to efficiency in land assembly without resorting to the intervention of the government to execute eminent domain. The mechanism requires the municipality to plan the development that will best suit the city, thus allowing the valuation of the parcel to reflect its true price for the owner. If the owners are still reluctant to sell, the municipality can then tax him according to the new value of the land. © 2014 by the author.

Rubin N.H.,Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design
Cultural Geographies | Year: 2011

Patrick Geddes worked in Jerusalem between 1919 and 1925. He was originally summoned to the city by the Zionists, in order to plan the Hebrew University of Jerusalem; eventually, he also submitted an overall plan for the city, presented to its British Governor. Geddes' university plan and many of his other local cultural and educational endeavours were not successful. However, his plan for the city was approved and still dictates its development on many planes. The article discusses Geddes' overall work in Jerusalem as a product of his imperial world view, as he pictured the re-instatement of a biblical Jerusalem and assigned the homecoming Zionists the ancient role of a regional leader among its neighbouring countries. Geddes' tools for the study of the environment, such as the survey, and his educational endeavours such as the museum and the exhibition, are discussed as local manifestations of the geographical imperial project. Geddes' urban theory is discussed as a rigid and a foreign product of western and orientalist nature, which was enforced upon the landscape. Geddes himself is presented as a colonial town planner, one who practiced through an imperial professional and personal network and who had aspired to serve both the British and the Jews over the control of identity and space in contested Palestine. Finally, the article links Geography and Planning through the colonial practice of urban and social transformation. © The Author(s) 2011.

Shach-Pinsly D.,Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design | Ganor T.,Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Urban Design and Planning | Year: 2015

Designing safer and secured urban areas is one of the main aspirations of urban designers and city decision makers, in order to control both existing and developed urban environments. Hence, stakeholders and decision makers are required to understand and assess the risks before decisions are made. In addition, many researchers note that security risks are integrated components within the urban environment and point out diverse urban elements, which greatly affect various security risks in urban environments. When evaluating security in urban fabrics, however, it appears that there is a lack of quantitative models and tools available for use by urban designers and planners to measure and rate urban environments and determine their vulnerability objectively. The research presented here emerged from this gap of information and demonstrates a geographic information system-based mapping system to identify and rate high-risk or insecure urban areas, to be used by designers. The system is based on measurements of urban parameters as they relate to security, employing urban morphology analysis. © ICE Publishing: All rights reserved

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