Guo X.Q.,Bethune Military Medical College
Yi chuan = Hereditas / Zhongguo yi chuan xue hui bian ji | Year: 2012
Susumu Tonegawa is a Japanese molecular biologist who won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1987 for his discovery of "the genetic principle for generation of antibody diversity". Susumu Tonegawa is also famous for his important contributions on neuroscience, who explored the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying learning and memory. In this article, the life and research on Susumu Tonegawa was introduced.
Xiaoqiang G.,Hebei Normal University |
Xiaoqiang G.,Bethune Military Medical College |
Wenjie L.,Hebei Normal University |
Qiliang X.,Hebei Normal University |
And 4 more authors.
Toxicology and Industrial Health | Year: 2011
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a major medical complication of drinking alcohol, and commonly accompanied with hepatic iron overload and liver injuries. Oxidative stress plays an important role in pathogenesis of ALD and also leads to iron-metabolic disorders. In this study, the effects of vitamin C (Vc) on iron metabolism-related genes expression and liver protection from drinking in mice were investigated. Twenty-four male kunming mice were divided into four groups (six mice per group): control (water drinking); alcohol group (20% alcohol drinking), alcohol + low Vc group (adding 50 mg/kg Vc daily) and alcohol + high Vc group (adding 100 mg/kg Vc daily). All these mice were sacrificed after 7 days. Vc can ameliorate the increase of sera alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity and hepatic iron overload of drinking alcohol in mice. Vc increases the expression of the iron-regulated hormone hepcidin and decreases transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) expression in liver. Vc also down-regulates the expression of ferroportin 1 (Fpn1) in the intestine and decreases the iron release to blood. In conclusion, Vc ameliorated the alcoholic liver injuries through regulating the iron metabolism-related genes expression. © The Author(s) 2010.
Guan S.-J.,Hebei Medical University |
Ma Z.-H.,Hebei Medical University |
Wu Y.-L.,Haigang Hospital |
Zhang J.-P.,Hebei Medical University |
And 6 more authors.
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2012
Inhibition of Rho kinase (ROCK) has been shown to improve diabetic-related disorders. In this study, the cardio-protective effects and potential mechanisms of fasudil, a selective ROCK inhibitor, on diabetic cardiomyopathy were investigated in a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rat model. Eight weeks after diabetes was induced by a single tail vein injection of 60. mg/kg STZ, rats were administered long-term fasudil or captopril as a control over a four-week period. Similar to the effect of captopril, fasudil treatment significantly protected against STZ-induced hemodynamic, histopathologic changes and decreased serum lactate dehydrogenase and creatine phosphokinase. Moreover, fasudil significantly down-regulated ROCK I mRNA expression and ROCK activity, reduced cardiac collagen deposition, and decreased the incidence of apoptosis and ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 protein expression. Additionally, fasudil potently elevated superoxide dismutase activity and suppressed the extent of lipid peroxidation in sera and hearts of diabetic rats. Our findings indicated that long-term treatment with fasudil could improve cardiac dysfunction, attenuate myocardial injury and prevent pathological changes in a rat model of diabetic cardiomyopathy. These effects could be attributed to regulation of antioxidative activities, suppression of myocardial hypertrophy, apoptosis, fibrosis and subsequent cardiac remodeling. These results may help to expand the clinical application of fasudil for diabetic cardiomyopathy. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Guo X.-Q.,Bethune Military Medical College
Progress in Biochemistry and Biophysics | Year: 2010
PRDM9 (PR domain containing 9) is one kind of histone trimethylase which catalyzes the H3K4 trimethylation, and possesses the activity of transcription factor. PRDM9 transcripts were only expressed in germ cells entering meiotic prophase in female fetal gonads and in postnatal testis, whose deficiency results in sterility. The zinc finger motif of mammalian PRDM9 rapidly evolves, which is respond to the sequences of recombination hotspots. Several researches indicated that PRDM9 was involved in the binding to recombination hotspots and initiation of recombination. These progresses are important for understanding of species evolution and the mechanism of genetic recombination.
Guan S.,Hebei Medical University |
Ma J.,Hebei Medical University |
Zhang Y.,Hebei Medical University |
Gao Y.,Hebei Medical University |
And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013
Objectives:Excessive iron can accumulate in the kidney and induce tissue damage. Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) injection is a traditional Chinese medicinal preparation used for preventing and treating chronic renal failure. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of treatment with Danshen injection on iron overload-induced kidney damage.Methods:Mice were mock-treated with saline (control group) or given a single dose of iron dextran without treatment (iron overload group, 50 mg/kg/day for 2 weeks) or with daily treatments of low-dose Danshen (3 g/kg/day), high-dose Danshen (6 g/kg/day) or deferoxamine (100 mg/kg/day).Results:Treatment of iron-overloaded mice with Danshen injection led to significant improvements of body weight and decreased iron levels in the kidney. Danshen injection treatment also reduced concentrations of blood urea nitrogen, creatinine and malondialdehyde and enhanced glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities. Histopathological examinations showed that Danshen injection ameliorated pathological changes and reduced iron deposition in kidneys of iron overloaded mice. Furthermore, the treatment was demonstrated to suppress apoptosis in nephrocytes.Conclusions:These results indicated that Danshen injection exerted significant renal protective effects in iron-overloaded mice, which were closely associated with the decrease of iron deposition and suppression of lipid peroxidation and apoptosis in the kidney. © 2013 Guan et al.