Bethune Military Medical College

Shijiazhuang, China

Bethune Military Medical College

Shijiazhuang, China
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Yang L.,National Institute of Nutrition for Health | Zhang Y.,Bethune Military Medical College | Wang J.,China Institute of Metrology | Huang Z.,National Institute of Nutrition for Health | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

Background This study was to observe the non-heme iron absorption and biological utilization from typical whole Chinese diets in young Chinese healthy urban men, and to observe if the iron absorption and utilization could be affected by the staple food patterns of Southern and Northern China. Materials and Methods Twenty-two young urban men aged 18-24 years were recruited and randomly assigned to two groups in which the staple food was rice and steamed buns, respectively. Each subject received 3 meals containing approximately 3.25 mg stable 57FeSO4 (the ratio of 57Fe content in breakfast, lunch and dinner was 1:2:2) daily for 2 consecutive days. In addition, approximately 2.4 mg 58FeSO4 was administered intravenously to each subject at 30-60 min after dinner each day. Blood samples were collected from each subject to measure the enrichment of the 57Fe and 58Fe. Fourteen days after the experimental diet, non-heme iron absorption was assessed by measuring 57Fe incorporation into red blood cells, and absorbed iron utilization was determined according to the red blood cell incorporation of intravenously infused 58Fe SO4. Results Non-heme iron intake values overall, and in the rice and steamed buns groups were 12.8 ±2.1, 11.3±1.3 and 14.3±1.5 mg, respectively; the mean 57Fe absorption rates were 11±7%, 13±7%, and 8±4%, respectively; and the mean infused 58Fe utilization rates were 85±8%, 84±6%, and 85±10%, respectively. There was no significantly difference in the iron intakes, and 57Fe absorption and infused 58Fe utilization rates between rice and steamed buns groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion We present the non-heme iron absorption and utilization rates from typical whole Chinese diets among young Chinese healthy urban men, which was not affected by the representative staple food patterns of Southern and Northern China. This study will provide a basis for the setting of Chinese iron DRIs. © 2016 Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Huang H.,Hebei Medical University | Huang H.,Hebei Provincial Hospital of Armed Police | Huang H.,Bethune Military Medical College | Li Y.,Hebei Medical University | And 4 more authors.
BMC Nephrology | Year: 2013

Background: Gremlin, a bone morphogenetic protein antagonist, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, the specific molecular mechanism underlying Gremlin's involvement in DN has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the role of Gremlin on cell proliferation and accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) in mouse mesangial cells (MMCs), and explored the relationship between Gremlin and the ERK1/2 pathway. Methods. To determine expression of Gremlin in MMCs after high glucose (HG) exposure, Gremlin mRNA and protein expression were evaluated using real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis, respectively. To determine the role of Gremlin on cell proliferation and accumulation of ECM, western blot analysis was used to assess expression of pERK1/2, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). Cell proliferation was examined by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) ELISA, and accumulation of collagen IV was measured using a radioimmunoassay. This enabled the relationship between Gremlin and ERK1/2 pathway activation to be investigated. Results: HG exposure induced expression of Gremlin, which peaked 12 h after HG exposure. HG exposure alone or transfection of normal-glucose (NG) exposed MMCs with Gremlin plasmid (NG + P) increased cell proliferation. Transfection with Gremlin plasmid into MMCs previously exposed to HG (HG + P) significantly increased this HG-induced phenomenon. HG and NG + P conditions up-regulated protein levels of TGF-β1, CTGF and collagen IV accumulation, while HG + P significantly increased levels of these further. Inhibition of Gremlin with Gremlin siRNA plasmid reversed the HG-induced phenomena. These data indicate that Gremlin can induce cell proliferation and accumulation of ECM in MMCs. HG also induced the activation of the ERK1/2 pathway, which peaked 24 h after HG exposure. HG and NG + P conditions induced overexpression of pERK1/2, whilst HG + P significantly induced levels further. Inhibition of Gremlin by Gremlin siRNA plasmid reversed the HG-induced phenomena. This indicates Gremlin can induce activation of the ERK1/2 pathway in MMCs. Conclusion: Culture of MMCs in the presence of HG up-regulates expression of Gremlin. Gremlin induces cell proliferation and accumulation of ECM in MMCs. and enhances activation of the ERK1/2 pathway. © 2013 Huang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Guan S.-J.,Hebei Medical University | Ma Z.-H.,Hebei Medical University | Wu Y.-L.,Haigang Hospital | Zhang J.-P.,Hebei Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2012

Inhibition of Rho kinase (ROCK) has been shown to improve diabetic-related disorders. In this study, the cardio-protective effects and potential mechanisms of fasudil, a selective ROCK inhibitor, on diabetic cardiomyopathy were investigated in a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rat model. Eight weeks after diabetes was induced by a single tail vein injection of 60. mg/kg STZ, rats were administered long-term fasudil or captopril as a control over a four-week period. Similar to the effect of captopril, fasudil treatment significantly protected against STZ-induced hemodynamic, histopathologic changes and decreased serum lactate dehydrogenase and creatine phosphokinase. Moreover, fasudil significantly down-regulated ROCK I mRNA expression and ROCK activity, reduced cardiac collagen deposition, and decreased the incidence of apoptosis and ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 protein expression. Additionally, fasudil potently elevated superoxide dismutase activity and suppressed the extent of lipid peroxidation in sera and hearts of diabetic rats. Our findings indicated that long-term treatment with fasudil could improve cardiac dysfunction, attenuate myocardial injury and prevent pathological changes in a rat model of diabetic cardiomyopathy. These effects could be attributed to regulation of antioxidative activities, suppression of myocardial hypertrophy, apoptosis, fibrosis and subsequent cardiac remodeling. These results may help to expand the clinical application of fasudil for diabetic cardiomyopathy. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Guan S.,Hebei Medical University | Ma J.,Hebei Medical University | Zhang Y.,Hebei Medical University | Gao Y.,Hebei Medical University | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Objectives:Excessive iron can accumulate in the kidney and induce tissue damage. Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) injection is a traditional Chinese medicinal preparation used for preventing and treating chronic renal failure. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of treatment with Danshen injection on iron overload-induced kidney damage.Methods:Mice were mock-treated with saline (control group) or given a single dose of iron dextran without treatment (iron overload group, 50 mg/kg/day for 2 weeks) or with daily treatments of low-dose Danshen (3 g/kg/day), high-dose Danshen (6 g/kg/day) or deferoxamine (100 mg/kg/day).Results:Treatment of iron-overloaded mice with Danshen injection led to significant improvements of body weight and decreased iron levels in the kidney. Danshen injection treatment also reduced concentrations of blood urea nitrogen, creatinine and malondialdehyde and enhanced glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities. Histopathological examinations showed that Danshen injection ameliorated pathological changes and reduced iron deposition in kidneys of iron overloaded mice. Furthermore, the treatment was demonstrated to suppress apoptosis in nephrocytes.Conclusions:These results indicated that Danshen injection exerted significant renal protective effects in iron-overloaded mice, which were closely associated with the decrease of iron deposition and suppression of lipid peroxidation and apoptosis in the kidney. © 2013 Guan et al.

Zhang J.-P.,Hebei Medical University | Zhang Y.-Y.,Hebei Medical University | Zhang Y.,Hebei Medical University | Gao Y.-G.,Hebei Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Planta Medica | Year: 2013

The traditional Chinese medicinal herb Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza), first recorded in the "Shen Nongs Herbal Classico", has long been used to treat cardiovascular conditions, although the mechanism(s) underlying its effects remain unclear. Here, an iron dextran injection (50 mg · kg -1 per day) was delivered intraperitoneally to establish a mouse model for investigating the ameliorative effects of Danshen injection (low dose at 3 g · kg-1 per day or high dose at 6 g · kg -1 per day) on iron overload-induced cardiac damage. The iron-chelating agent deferoxamine (100 mg · kg-1 per day) was administered as a positive control. The main constituents of Danshen injection, salvianic acid A (danshensu), protocatechuic aldehyde, and salvianolic acid B, were quantified at concentrations of 2.15, 0.44, and 1.01 mg · mL -1, respectively, using HPLC with UV detection. Danshen injection significantly lowered cardiac iron deposition and the concentration of the lipid oxidation product malondialdehyde, as well as improved cardiac superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase levels in iron-overloaded mice. Serum levels of creatine kinase, creatine kinase isoenzyme, and lactate dehydrogenase in the iron-overloaded mice were significantly elevated (up to ~ 160 %), whereas their activities were downregulated by Danshen injection by 25 ~ 35 % at the high dose and by ~ 20 % at the low dose. Morphological changes of cardiac tissue analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin staining indicated that lesions induced by iron overload could be ameliorated by Danshen injection dose-dependently. Altogether, these results illustrated that the protective effects of Danshen injection were at least in part due to decreased iron deposition and inhibition of lipid peroxidation. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart. New York.

Ran Y.,Bethune Military Medical College | Wu S.,Xi'an Jiaotong University | You Y.,Shantou University
Journal of Biochemistry | Year: 2011

E-cadherin has been proven to be widely down-regulated and tightly associated with tumour invasion and metastasis in multiple human cancer types. Recent research demonstrated that aberrant methylation around gene promoter region attributes to E-cadherin silencing. However, the detailed information about this epigenetic inactivation in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is rare. The aim of this study was to probe more into the basic mechanism of E-cadherin methylation in NPC and elucidate the application of demethylating agents to restore E-cadherin expression. To address this question, we initially studied E-cadherin methylation status in NPC primary tumours and cell lines by methylation-specific PCR, and compared it with E-cadherin expression. Methylated E-cadherin was detected in 13 of 20 (65%) NPC clinical specimens and 2 of 2 (100%) NPC cell lines (HNE-1 and CNE-2), which was inversely correlated with E-cadherin expression. The detailed methylation profile at individual CpGs within CpG island of E-cadherin promoter region was confirmed by bisulphite sequencing. E-cadherin gene could be demethylated and reactivated in HNE-1 and CNE-2 cells upon treatment with 5-aza-dC, a DNA demethylating agent. Our findings indicate that frequent aberrant methylation of E-cadherin may play an important role in downregulation of E-cadherin, and demethylation therapy could serve as a promising strategy for NPC patients. Furthermore, a high frequency of E-cadherin methylation (9/20, 45%) in peripheral blood of NPC patients suggests its potential clinical application as an early diagnostic or predictive marker. © The Authors 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Japanese Biochemical Society. All rights reserved.

Guo X.Q.,Bethune Military Medical College
Yi chuan = Hereditas / Zhongguo yi chuan xue hui bian ji | Year: 2010

Fetal hemoglobin (HbF) is the main type of hemoglobin in the fetus and few in adult, but retains high levels in some people and patients with beta-thalassemia major or sickle cell disease. High HbF levels are beneficial to ameliorating the disease severity of the anemia. Previous researches had established that quantitative trait loci were associated with 6q23 and 2p15. Recent researches indicated that HBS1L-MYB in 6q23 and BCL11A in 2p15 are highly correlated to HbF levels. These discoveries not only help to understanding of mechanism in HbF expression, but also provide potential drug targets for therapy of sickle cell disease. The progress on genes related to fetal hemoglobin quantitative trait and potential applications was summarized in this review.

Guo X.Q.,Bethune Military Medical College
Yi chuan = Hereditas / Zhongguo yi chuan xue hui bian ji | Year: 2012

Susumu Tonegawa is a Japanese molecular biologist who won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1987 for his discovery of "the genetic principle for generation of antibody diversity". Susumu Tonegawa is also famous for his important contributions on neuroscience, who explored the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying learning and memory. In this article, the life and research on Susumu Tonegawa was introduced.

Xiaoqiang G.,Hebei Normal University | Xiaoqiang G.,Bethune Military Medical College | Wenjie L.,Hebei Normal University | Qiliang X.,Hebei Normal University | And 4 more authors.
Toxicology and Industrial Health | Year: 2011

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a major medical complication of drinking alcohol, and commonly accompanied with hepatic iron overload and liver injuries. Oxidative stress plays an important role in pathogenesis of ALD and also leads to iron-metabolic disorders. In this study, the effects of vitamin C (Vc) on iron metabolism-related genes expression and liver protection from drinking in mice were investigated. Twenty-four male kunming mice were divided into four groups (six mice per group): control (water drinking); alcohol group (20% alcohol drinking), alcohol + low Vc group (adding 50 mg/kg Vc daily) and alcohol + high Vc group (adding 100 mg/kg Vc daily). All these mice were sacrificed after 7 days. Vc can ameliorate the increase of sera alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity and hepatic iron overload of drinking alcohol in mice. Vc increases the expression of the iron-regulated hormone hepcidin and decreases transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) expression in liver. Vc also down-regulates the expression of ferroportin 1 (Fpn1) in the intestine and decreases the iron release to blood. In conclusion, Vc ameliorated the alcoholic liver injuries through regulating the iron metabolism-related genes expression. © The Author(s) 2010.

Guo X.-Q.,Bethune Military Medical College
Progress in Biochemistry and Biophysics | Year: 2010

PRDM9 (PR domain containing 9) is one kind of histone trimethylase which catalyzes the H3K4 trimethylation, and possesses the activity of transcription factor. PRDM9 transcripts were only expressed in germ cells entering meiotic prophase in female fetal gonads and in postnatal testis, whose deficiency results in sterility. The zinc finger motif of mammalian PRDM9 rapidly evolves, which is respond to the sequences of recombination hotspots. Several researches indicated that PRDM9 was involved in the binding to recombination hotspots and initiation of recombination. These progresses are important for understanding of species evolution and the mechanism of genetic recombination.

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