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Sudarshan R.,Best Dental Science College and Hospital | Sree Vijayabala G.,Pillar College | Samata Y.,Sibar Institute of Dental science | Ravikiran A.,Sibar Institute of Dental science
Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2015

Introduction. Fissured tongue is a commonly encountered tongue disorder in dental practice. But there is a lack of data on different pattern, severity, and association of fissuring with various systemic disorders and other tongue anomalies. This study attempts to establish a classification system for fissured tongue and to know the correlation with the systemic health and other disorders of the tongue. Materials and Methods. A total of 1000 subjects between the age groups of 10 and 80 years were included in the study. Pattern of fissuring, allied systemic diseases, and related tongue anomalies were tabulated. Results. Out of 1000 subjects, 387 subjects presented with fissured tongue. Out of 387 subjects, hypertension was present in 57 cases, 18 subjects had diabetes, and 3 subjects had both hypertension and diabetes. Central longitudinal type was found to be the most common type of tongue fissuring. Conclusion. Fissured tongue has been found to be associated with certain systemic disease and further researches are required to know positive correlation. If a correlation exists, such disorders could be diagnosed earlier by identifying fissured tongue at an earlier age. © 2015 Ramachandran Sudarshan et al. Source

Srinivas B.V.V.,Sree Sai Dental College and Research Institute | Rupa N.,Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical science | Kumari K.V.H.,Sree Sai Dental College and Research Institute | Rajender A.,Aditya Dental College | Reddy M.,Best Dental Science College and Hospital
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences | Year: 2015

Periodontal plastic surgery is the branch of periodontology that is focused mainly on the correction or elimination of mucogingival problems associated with lack of attached gingiva, a shallow vestibule and aberrant frenum. Various mucogingival surgical procedures are used to halt the progression of the gingival recession and to correct poor esthetic appearance. Free gingival autograft is one of the most common techniques used for a gingival recession in areas of inadequate attached gingiva in the mandibular anterior region. Fibrin sealants are human plasma derivatives that mimic the final stages of blood coagulation, forming a fibrin clot. Fibrin Sealants enhances the overall outcome of surgical intervention because of their hemostatic, adhesive, and healing properties. These properties of fibrin sealants may reduce operating time, prevent complications, and enhance the overall outcome of many surgical interventions. Hence, this case report aims to investigate the clinical effectiveness of free gingival graft along with the commercially available fibrin-fibronectin sealing system (Tissucol®) in the treatment of Miller's class II gingival recession. © 2015 Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow. Source

Charan Gowda B.K.,Sri Siddhartha Dental College | Charndrashekar L.,Best Dental Science College and Hospital | Sharma D.,Sri Siddhartha Dental College
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2015

Oral Cavity within the humans is beginning of digestive system which plays a significant role in communication. Since, of many chromogenic microorganism teeth that are enclosed within the oral cavity is subjected to various means of exogenous and endogenous substances which can stain the teeth. Appearance of pink teeth is commonly noted after death has occurred. This phenomenon is commonly noted by forensic dentists who usually visit for exhumation. Application of pink teeth in forensics as a possible means for evaluating the cause of death is limited. With the recent advancement in science and technique many research have been carried to know the etiology, biochemicals and also mechanism behind the appearance of pink color. These paper review the literature regarding the postmortem “Pink Teeth Phenomenon” and provides an insight into ante mortem staining of teeth which enables the forensic dentists to differentiates between Pink teeth Phenomenon and Antemortem Teeth Staining. © 2015, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved. Source

Background: Despite all the technological advances in orthodontics, orthodontic treatment still seems to involve some degree of discomfort and/or pain. Pain control during orthodontic therapy is of great concern to both orthodontists and patients. However, there has been limited research into controlling such pain.Aims: The purpose of this work was to assess patient-perceived pain following fixed orthodontic treatment and to evaluate the comparative analgesic efficacy of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for controlling pain.Methods: A total of 45 patients about to undergo fixed appliance orthodontic treatment were enrolled in this double-blind prospective study. Patients were evenly and randomly distributed in a blinded manner to one of three groups as follows: paracetamol/acetaminophen 500 mg thrice daily; placebo in the form of empty capsules; and etoricoxib 60 mg once daily. Drug administration began 1 h before initiating the bonding procedure and archwire placement, and given until the day 3. The pain perceived was recorded by the patients on a linear and graded Visual Analogue Scale at time intervals of 2 h after insertion of the appliance; 6 h thereafter and again at nighttime of the same day of the appointment; 24 h later and on the 2nd day at nighttime; 48 h after the appointment and on day 3 at nighttime.Results: Our results revealed that moderately intense pain is associated with routine orthodontic treatment, and that the amount of pain individuals perceive varies widely. We observed statistically significant differences in the pain control among the three groups, and that etoricoxib 60 mg proved most efficient.Conclusion: Etoricoxib 60 mg is highly efficacious for controlling pain during fixed orthodontic appliance therapy. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Elumalai M.,Bharath University | Karthika B.,Bharath University | Usha V.,Best Dental Science College and Hospital
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2013

Lycopene belongs to a group of naturally-occurring pigments known as carotenoids. Carotenoids are colored compounds found in the photosynthetic pigments of fruits and vegetables which provide them their bright colors and benefit human health by playing an important role in cell function. Red fruits and vegetables, including tomato-based products are the major sources of lycopene. Oxidative stress is recognized as one of the major contributors to the increased risk of cancer and lycopene being a potent antioxidant has been found to inhibit proliferation of several types of human cancer cells, including endometrial, prostate, breast, upper aero digestive tract and lung and lycopene to have tumor suppressor activity. This review summarizes the background information about lycopene and presents the most current knowledge with respect to its role in cancer prevention. Source

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