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Bergen, Norway

Bergen University College is a Norwegian public institution of higher education, established in August 1994 by the merging of six former independent colleges in Bergen, Norway. The total number of students is about 7300, and there are 750 academic and administrative staff.It provides professional education within health and social science, engineering, economic and administrative science, music and teaching. It offers education on bachelor and master level, continuing education, and on doctoral level. Wikipedia.

Rekdal O.B.,Bergen University College
Science Technology and Human Values | Year: 2014

In 1942, Katherine Frost Bruner published an article titled "Of psychological writing: Being some valedictory remarks on style." It was published in Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, the journal for which she served as editorial assistant between 1937 and 1941. Her collection of advice to writing scholars has been widely quoted, including by several editions of The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. The most frequently quoted message in Bruner's article deals with the importance of making sure that references in academic texts are complete and accurate. Exploring the citation history of this particular message reveals an ironic point: the great majority of those who have quoted Bruner's words on reference accuracy have not done so accurately. The case may serve as a reminder of the importance of the basic academic principle of striving to use primary sources. The most startling finding in this study is how frequently this principle is violated, even by authors who advise and educate academic writers. © The Author(s) 2014. Source

Jacobsen F.F.,Bergen University College
Anthropology and Medicine | Year: 2012

The present paper deals with the parents' narratives of sickness and misfortune of their children among the Beja people in the Red Sea Hills, Northeastern Sudan. Drawing on fieldwork focusing parents' health-seeking behavior related to child sicknesses through 1993-95, and combining participant observation and interviews, the aim is firstly to elucidate how markers of uncertainty is a pronounced trait of Beja sickness narratives, inviting listeners to actively engage in the stories, adding to a still scarce but growing literature on narration and uncertainty. Secondly, it aims at relating this narrative style to wider contexts of Beja culture and society, a type of analysis seldom undertaken within the field of medical anthropology. It is argued that although some facets of the lives of Beja people have changed since the time of the fieldwork, the changes are not pronounced and have not changed the cultural environment so as to make the analysis and conclusions of this paper less valid. Copyright © 2012 Taylor & Francis. Source

Haugan Go.,Sor Trondelag University College | Drageset J.,Bergen University College
Journal of Affective Disorders | Year: 2014

Background Depression and anxiety are particularly common among individuals living in long-term care facilities. Therefore, access to a valid and reliable measure of anxiety and depression among nursing home patients is highly warranted. Aim To investigate the dimensionality, reliability and construct validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS) in a cognitively intact nursing home population. Methods Cross-sectional data were collected from two samples; 429 cognitively intact nursing home patients participated, representing 74 different Norwegian nursing homes. Confirmative factor analyses and correlations with selected constructs were used. Results The two-factor model provided a good fit in Sample1, revealing a poorer fit in Sample2. Good-acceptable measurement reliability was demonstrated, and construct validity was supported. Limitations Using listwise deletion the sample sizes were 227 and 187, for Sample1 and Sample2, respectively. Greater sample sizes would have strengthen the statistical power in the tests. The researchers visited the participants to help fill in the questionnaires; this might have introduced some bias into the respondents reporting. The 14 HADS items were part of greater questionnaires. Thus, frail, older NH patients might have tired during the interview causing a possible bias. Conclusion Low reliability for depression was disclosed, mainly resulting from three items appearing to be inappropriate indicators for depression in this population. Further research is needed exploring which items might perform as more reliably indicators for depression among nursing home patients. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

Fivelstad S.,Bergen University College
Aquacultural Engineering | Year: 2013

Oxygen is generally the first limiting factor for the water flow requirement in a land based aquaculture system, while carbon dioxide and pH are secondary limiting factors. This means that if oxygen is added to the inlet water or directly to the water in a fish tank carbon dioxide becomes the limiting factor. pH is easy to regulate by addition of bicarbonate, while carbon dioxide always will be elevated in both single pass oxygenated systems and in recirculation systems. Carbon dioxide has both direct physiological effects on the fish, as well as indirect effects by changing the pH and thereby the chemistry of metals in the water.During the last 20 years several long-term carbon dioxide experiments have been performed at Bergen University College. In the present paper general methods and findings from the research at Bergen University College are described. These findings are compared with studies performed elsewhere. Increased plasma PCO2 increases the plasma bicarbonate concentration and reduces the plasma chloride concentration. In a long-term carbon dioxide experiment on Atlantic salmon postsmolts about 94% of the total variation in plasma carbon dioxide partial pressure was explained by the partial pressure in the water in a simple linear regression model, and 72% of the total variation in plasma chloride was explained by the plasma bicarbonate concentration. There was a reduction in about 1mM Cl- for every 1mM increase in plasma bicarbonate.For carbon dioxide the safe criterion used for the Norwegian production of Atlantic salmon smolts is 15mgL-1. In low alkalinity fresh water carbon dioxide has adverse effects on fish in combination with labile Al/pH at concentrations around 8-10mgL-1 CO2, and the smolts are not acclimated to such conditions. When toxic Al is not present in the water 8-10mgL-1 carbon dioxide may have slight but significant effects on condition factor during the first month, but the smolts seem to be acclimated to these conditions after 2 months. However, when the concentration of carbon dioxide is 17-19mgL-1 (5-6mmHg) in low alkalinity water, condition factor or specific growth rate is reduced after 2 months exposure.In high alkalinity fresh water, carbon dioxide had only minor effects on growth up to 24mgL-1, however, further research may be needed to validate this and to study how the safe threshold level for carbon dioxide is influenced by temperature and salinity. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.. Source

Haugen A.S.,University of Bergen | Softeland E.,University of Bergen | Almeland S.K.,Forde Central Hospital | Sevdalis N.,Imperial College London | And 4 more authors.
Annals of Surgery | Year: 2015

Objectives: We hypothesized reduction of 30 days' in-hospital morbidity, mortality, and length of stay postimplementation of the World Health Organization's Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC). Background: Reductions of morbidity and mortality have been reported after SSC implementation in pre-/postdesigned studies without controls. Here, we report a randomized controlled trial of the SSC. Methods: A stepped wedge cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted in 2 hospitals. We examined effects on in-hospital complications registered by International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision codes, length of stay, and mortality. The SSC intervention was sequentially rolled out in a random order until all 5 clusters-cardiothoracic, neurosurgery, orthopedic, general, and urologic surgery had received the Checklist. Data were prospectively recorded in control and intervention stages during a 10-month period in 2009-2010. Results: A total of 2212 control procedures were compared with 2263 SCC procedures. The complication rates decreased from 19.9% to 11.5% (P < 0.001), with absolute risk reduction 8.4 (95% confidence interval, 6.3-10.5) from the control to the SSC stages. Adjusted for possible confounding factors, the SSC effect on complications remained significant with odds ratio 1.95 (95% confidence interval, 1.59-2.40). Mean length of stay decreased by 0.8 days with SCC utilization (95% confidence interval, 0.11-1.43). In-hospital mortality decreased significantly from 1.9% to 0.2% in 1 of the 2 hospitals post-SSC implementation, but the overall reduction (1.6%-1.0%) across hospitals was not significant. Conclusions: Implementation of the WHO SSC was associated with robust reduction in morbidity and length of in-hospital stay and some reduction in mortality. © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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