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Makurdi, Nigeria

Benue State University is a state-owned and -operated university in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. Its 2006 student enrollment was over 19,000 served by 429 faculty. It offers undergraduate and graduate programs with a catalog of over 50 graduate programs across seven colleges. It is accredited by the National Universities Commission. Wikipedia.

Idoko O.M.,Benue State University
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2010

Effect of changes in season visa vise rural groundwater quality variability with respect to iron is examined in this study. Water samples were collected from 26 rural community boreholes and analyzed for iron concentrations as it affects the quality of water for drinking in line with WHO drinking water standards for both rainy and dry seasons. The analyses was carried out as prescribed according to standard method of examination of water. The result of analyses show 35% of the boreholes have elevated iron concentrations above WHO guide limit for rainy season as against that of the dry season which is only 7.7% of the boreholes. Iron concentrations in the boreholes were noted to be higher in the rainy season than in the dry season. The source of iron in groundwater may be attributed to dissolution of iron minerals from rock and soils, corrosion effect of galvanized hand pump components and land use activities. Agencies involved in rural water supply must ensure the safety of the groundwater being harnessed for use. This study demonstrate the need for groundwater quality management at the rural level because once polluted is very expensive to remedy. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2010.

Nwadioha S.I.,Benue State University
The Nigerian postgraduate medical journal | Year: 2013

To determine the common aetiolog of acute bacterial meningitis in children and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern. A retrospective study with a review of cerebrospinal fluid culture reports of paediatric patients aged 0-15 years, suspected of acute meningitis in the Medical Microbiology Department of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria from October 2006 to October 2009 from October 2006 to October 2009. A positive culture bacterial isolation rate of 3.3% (n=50/1500) with prevalence of Streptococcus pneumoniae (24%), Neisseria meningitidis (22%), Escherichia coli (16%), Haemophilus influenzae (14%), Group B streptococci (8%) and Enterococci (8%) which were susceptible to ceftriaxone (96%), cefotaxime (95%) and ciprofloxacin (93%) across the bacterial isolates. Neonates were 55% (n=6.8/12.4) most at risk. Neonates are the most at risk of acute bacterial meningitis. In the absence of antibiotic susceptibility report, ceftriaxone should be considered as a first choice reliable antibiotic for empirical treatment of meningitis in children, in this environment.

Oghagbon E.K.,Benue State University
Ethnicity and Disease | Year: 2014

Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level in patients with diabetes reflects quality of disease control and propensity to develop hyperglycemic complications. During more than 12 years of using HbA1c for monitoring of glycemic control among patients at Nigerian hospitals, the mean glycated hemoglobin ranged from 7.9% ± 2.4 to 8.3% ± 2.2. Most of these patients (63% to 68%) had poor glycemic controls with mean HbA1c greater than 7%. Factors that are implicated in this scenario are: 1) high cost of HbA1c testing, 2) ineffective management of risk factors, 3) poor patient compliance, 4) improperly managed diabetes education program, and 5) health care system defect. Central to improving diabetes glycemia is education of doctors, other health workers and patients, within the confines of an overhauled national health system. Physicians need to increase adherence to diabetes mellitus management guidelines and patients must be enrolled into a well-structured education program at health centers. Doctors, as leader of the health team, should drive such education schemes, which must be based on standard training curriculum, sufficient number of trained diabetes educators, and effective monitoring of patients. The most appropriate diabetes education model features small-tomoderate sized participant groups and makes use of motivational interviewing rather than a traditional advice-giving format. Improved health care funding is mandatory given the issue of cost and this can be helped by increased participation of patients in Nigeria's National Health Insurance Scheme. Failure to address the persistently elevated HbA1c will affect long-term quality of life, longevity and health care services in Nigeria.

Musa D.I.,Benue State University | Musa D.I.,University of Exeter | Williams C.A.,University of Exeter
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise | Year: 2012

PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the independent associations of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and body fatness with resting blood pressure (BP) in children (9-11 yr) and adolescents (12-15 yr) in Benue State of Nigeria. METHODS: A total of 3243 children (n = 1017) and adolescents (n = 2226) were evaluated for aerobic fitness, body fatness, resting preexercise BP and recovery BP at minutes 1, 5, and 10 after a progressive aerobic cardiovascular endurance run test. Regression models, controlling for age and recovery BP at 1, 5, and 10 min after the progressive aerobic cardiovascular endurance run, determined the associations of independent variables with the dependent variables. RESULTS: Fatness and fitness were independent predictors of resting BP among participants, and the relationship of fatness with BP was more robust in adolescents than in children. In all cases, the relationships were stronger in boys than in girls. Combined fitness and fatness in predicting BP was modest (R = 1%-3%) after controlling for age and postexercise BP. Postexercise BP was a major determinant of resting BP in both groups (R = 23%-93%). In adolescents, fatter boys had 1.9 times likelihood of systolic HTN compared with leaner peers. Systolic and diastolic BP scores varied by fit-fat groups, the fit-low-fat group demonstrated the most favorable BP profiles, whereas the unfit-high-fat group showed the most adverse profiles. CONCLUSIONS: Irrespective of fatness, participants with higher CRF had more favorable BP profiles compared with their fat-unfit peers. Copyright © 2012 by the American College of Sports Medicine.

Itodo A.U.,Kebbi State University of Science and Technology | Itodo H.U.,Benue State University
Life Science Journal | Year: 2010

In this study, we add to scholarly knowledge in simple terms, the forces or energy defining certain adsorption phenomenon, using isotherm models. GCMS measurement of equilibrium phase atrazine after adsorption onto Sheanut shells (SS) acid derived activated carbon were fitted into the D-R and Temkin isotherm relationships for energy data estimation. Sorption energy value (BD), mean free energy (ED) and heat of sorption (B). They were estimated as 0.7600mol2KJ-2, 0.8111 kjmol-1 and 0.790Jmol-1 respectively. The parameter predicting the type of adsorption was evaluated BD, B < 20kJ/mol and ED<8 which is an indication that physisorption (Non specific adsorption) dominates chemisorption and ion exchange. The D-R model with a higher correlation coefficient values, R2 = 0.979 proves a better choice in explaining sorption energies. Generally, sheanut shells can be used as alternative precursors for activated carbon production via the two steps and acid treatment schemes.

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