Benin City, Nigeria

Benson Idahosa University
Benin City, Nigeria

The Benson Idahosa University is a private, Christian university in Benin City, Nigeria.Benson Idahosa University is named after Archbishop Benson Idahosa, a Charismatic Pentecostal minister from Benin City, Nigeria, and reflects his evangelical beliefs. The president of Benson Idahosa University is the son of the late Archbishop the Rev. F.E.B Idahosa II, a minister of the Church of God Mission founded by the late Archbishop Benson Idahosa. Benson Idahosa University is fully accredited by Nigeria's higher education accreditation body, the National Universities Commission , and was ranked 2nd among private universities offering undergraduate degrees in the country by the NUC in their 2005 national ranking. Wikipedia.

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Uzoekwe N.M.,Benson Idahosa University | Uzoekwe S.A.,University of Nigeria
Annual Research and Review in Biology | Year: 2017

Various solvents (distilled water, methanol, ethanol, acetone and chloroform) extracts of Daucus carota were scanned with UV – Visible spectrophotometer (Thermo - spectronic) and Perkin – Elmer FT – IR model (Spectrum BX) infra – red spectrometer. All the extracts though with different pH showed typical orange colour with more polar solvent (H2O) giving the lighter hue. The UV – Visible spectra analyses of the extracts revealed a good absorption between 202 – 452 nm and λmax range of 272 – 340 nm. The IR spectrometry revealed various functional groups such as alcohol, arenes, alkanes and particularly, the conjugated dienes. These functional groups obviously are attributable to the structural chemistry of the Daucus carota plant pigment. © 2016 Uzoekwe and Uzoekwe.

Odjadjare E.E.O.,Benson Idahosa University | Igbinosa E.O.,University of Benin
Journal of Infection in Developing Countries | Year: 2017

Introduction: The antibiograms of Vibrio species isolated from abattoir effluents in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria were investigated with respect to their public health significance. Methodology: Vibrio species were isolated and identified using standard microbiological and molecular techniques, while antibiogram of isolates was tested and interpreted using the disk diffusion method described by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Results: Of 150 presumptive isolates, 48 (32%) were confirmed to be Vibrio spp. by PCR; of these, 23 (47.9%) were V. cholerae, 11 (22.9%) were V. fluvialis, 8 (16.7%) were V. vulnificus, and 6 (12.5%) were V. parahaemolyticus. The antibiogram revealed that Vibrio species were generally resistant to ampicillin (60%–67%), trimethoprim (80%–100%), and tetracycline (60%–83%), whereas they were sensitive to ceftriaxone (86%–100%), the aminoglycosides (67%–100%), imipenem (86%–100%), ofloxacin (83%–100%), and chloramphenicol (67%– 100%). The isolates exhibited multiple antibiotic resistance (MAR) with an average MAR index of 0.23. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that abattoir effluents are important reservoirs for multidrug-resistant Vibrio species that might be considerable contributors to the recurrent episodes of epidemic cholera and non-Vibrio cholera infections in Nigeria. © 2017 Odjadjare et al.

Emokhare B.O.,Benson Idahosa University
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science | Year: 2015

In recent past, Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF) took a devastating toll on humanity, with its outbreak in mostly some West African countries, and with up to 90% mortality rate for those affected. As a result of the highly infectious nature of the ailment, there is urgent need for effective, accurate and fast diagnostic procedures. In this study, a Fuzzy Logic based approach is proposed, which is considered suitable for diagnosing EHF, especially at the early stage, before it becomes contagious. The system obtains responses (in linguistic terms) to symptoms such as, temperature, vomiting, bleeding, diarrhea, muscle pain, etc. from people suspected of being infected with the Ebola virus. It processes these responses using fuzzy classification approach to determine the possibility of Ebola virus infection. The advantage of this system is that, besides providing quick response alternative to the long period manual laboratory diagnosis, it also helps to reduce the likelihood that an uninfected person is quarantined or subjected to laboratory processes. It will aid early detection, thereby reducing further spread of the virus as well as mortality rate and stigmatization.

Igbinovia E.O.,Benson Idahosa University | Ilenikhena P.A.,University of Benin
International Journal of Physical Sciences | Year: 2010

Thin films of tin (iv) oxide (SnO2) were deposited on six polished sample plates of stainless steel 430 using improved chemical bath deposition (CBD) method at 302 K and pH value of 12.4 for different deposition time of 16 to 36 h at 4 h interval, respectively. Ethylenediamine tetra acetate (EDTA) was used to stabilize the deposition at the required pH value. The thermal emittance values of the polished and coated sample plates were determined before and after the deposition of films, respectively, using thermocouple potentiometer. The average thermal emittance value of the uncoated polished sample plate is 0.15 ± 0.01 while thermal emittance values of the coated sample plates vary from 0.15 to 0.19 ±0.01. The film thickness of the coated sample plates varies from 33.73 to 77.59 μm. These low thermal emittance values compare well with those obtained for oxidized stainless steel selective surfaces. The coated sample plates with most favorable conditions of thermal emittance 0.17 to 0.18 ± 0.01 and film thickness 45.70 to 69.18 μm could find applications in photothermal conversion of solar energy. The improved chemical bath deposition technique could be employed at different pH values with suitable deposition time to fabricate selective surfaces for use in solar energy applications. © 2010 Academic Journals.

Ofomaja A.E.,Vaal University of Technology | Ukpebor E.E.,University of Benin | Uzoekwe S.A.,Benson Idahosa University
Biomass and Bioenergy | Year: 2011

Determination of the overall rate controlling step in the biosorption of Methyl violet dye onto a new biosorbent, palm kernel fiber has been determined. Pseudo-second-order model described the kinetics over the whole contact time period for the effect of initial concentration and temperature. Using the Wu's approaching equilibrium factor, Rw, it was observed that the time for the switch from initial biosorption to intraparticle diffusion is affected by initial concentration and temperature. A comparison between the activation parameters of film diffusion, pseudo-second order ion exchange and intraparticle diffusion revealed that film diffusion is the overall slowest step in the biosorption process. Temperature increased the biosorption capacity but reduced slightly the rate of intraparticle diffusion, indicating that the biosorbent surface was activated by temperature which limited the diffusion of Methyl violet molecules into the interior of the biosorbent. A multistage process design to minimize mass and contact time was done. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Bosah O.,Delta State University, Abraka | Igeleke C.A.,Benson Idahosa University | Omorusi V.I.,Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria
International Journal of Agriculture and Biology | Year: 2010

In this study, pure cultures of three antagonistic fungi, Trichoderma, Penicillium and Aspergillus species and a fungal pathogen, Sclerotium sp. were obtained after inoculation on potato dextrose agar (PDA) fortified with antibiotics to prevent bacterial contamination. Pathogenicity test was carried out when the antagonistic isolates were inoculated on PDA 24 h before and after Sclerotium inoculation. Of the three fungal antagonists evaluated for inhibitory efficacy, Trichoderma sp. proved to be the most effective as it exhibited the greatest inhibition to Sclerotium sp. (P<0.01) both at the initial and final tests. This was closely followed by Aspergillus sp. with inhibitory effect on the pathogen at both trials (P<0.01). However Penicillium sp. was slightly inhibitory against Sclerotium. Percentage inhibitions of the antagonists on Sclerotium by Trichoderma, Aspergillus, and Penicillium, were up to 81.36-80.29%, 88.35-73.12% and 56.98-46.24%, at the 6th day of inhibition at both trials, respectively. The result implied that the extent of inhibition by the fungi provides the use of potential antagonists capable of controlling the pathogenicity of Sclerotium sp. in crops for sustainable agriculture. © 2010 Friends Science Publishers.

Osagie A.U.,Benson Idahosa University
Nigerian quarterly journal of hospital medicine | Year: 2011

Glycemic index has generated a lot of debate for nearly 30 years, especially as it relates to the control for the treatment of diabetes. This study determined the glycemic index (GI) of ten processed Nigerian foods and revealed their similarity in the release of glucose on consumption. The food items tested were made from yam tubers, cassava tubers and local cereals. These foods were served to human volunteers in several processed forms which resulted in viscous pastes. The GI results are related to the increased incidence of overweight and obesity in the middle class Nigerians. It is suggested that these processed foods should be discouraged in the regular dietary plan if Nigerians desire to stay slim and save the planet by reducing carbon emission and climate change.

Usunomena U.,Benson Idahosa University
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2012

This aim of this study is to review naturally occurring dietary chemotherapeutic bioactive agents in some african medicinal plants that can be put to therapeutic use in combating inflammation and carcinogenesis without posing any deleterious effects to normal cells, tissues, organs and systems. Flavonoids possess antioxidant activity and may play a beneficial role in cancer prevention, and offer some protection against diabetes and atherosclerosis. Polyphenol prevents oxygen free radical-induced hepatocyte lethality, prevent lipopolysaccharide-induced liver injury through inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase and tumor necrosis factor-a expression and inhibits carcinogen or toxininduced liver oxidative DNA damage. Acetogenins have cytotoxic properties against tumor cell lines. Cardiac glycosides helps in the treatment of congestive heart failure. Tannins exert antimicrobial activities by iron deprivation, hydrogen bounding or specific interactions with vital proteins such as enzymes in microbial cells. Terpenoid have hepatoprotective effects in albino rats.

Ekrakene T.,Benson Idahosa University
Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research Series B: Biological Sciences | Year: 2012

High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to conduct an entomotoxicological analysis on puparia cases and adult insects bred from monocrotophos poisoned carrions. The results indicate that, the poison was better detected in puparia cases compared to adults. This is valuable as puparia abundance at carrion in the late stages of decomposition is a common phenomenon compared to maggots and adults. Hence, standard operating procedures for collecting entomological evidence at death scene involving heavily decomposed remains should focus on collecting puparia, as they could be a link to cause of death, especially when foul play by poisoning is suspected.

Ojuh D.,Benson Idahosa University
Applied Mechanics and Materials | Year: 2014

We have performed the electronic and phonon band structures of BxIn1-xN for various concentration of Boron using the pseudopotential method. The electronic band structure calculation was done using the GW approximation while the phonon band structure was done using the density functional perturbation theory. All calculations were done within the frame work of the density functional theory (DFT). From our calculations, the direct band gap for B0.25In0.75N, B0.5In0.5N and B0.75In0.25N were found to be 0.024eV, 2.2 eV and 6.01 eV respectively while the indirect band gap obtained were 0.59 eV, 3.24 eV and 6.9 eV. For the phonon calculations, it was also observed that an increase in the Boron content results in corresponding increase in the frequency of the topmost LO at the zone centre. For B0.25In0.75N, B0.5In0.5N and B0.75In0.25N, the topmost LO obtained were 735 cm-1, 885 cm-1 and 1105 cm-1 respectively. We also saw that as the Boron concentration decreases, the number of optical bands across which the acoustic bands overlap increases. © (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.

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