Vantaa, Finland
Vantaa, Finland

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The invention relates to a nozzle head, an apparatus and method for subjecting a surface of a substrate to successive surface reactions of at least a first precursor (A) and a second precursor (B). The nozzle head having an output face comprises at least one precursor nozzle for supplying precursor (A, B) to the surface of the substrate and at least one discharge channel for discharging precursor (A, B) from the surface of the substrate. The output face comprises in the following order: a discharge channel, at least one at least one precursor nozzle arranged to supply the first precursor (A) and the second precursor (B) and a discharge channel.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENERGY.2011.2.1-2;NMP.2011.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 9.64M | Year: 2012

CIGS solar module technology on rigid glass substrate is already mature and industrial companies are producing hundreds of MWp each year. Bringing flexible CIGS solar modules to industrial maturity will yield the next breakthrough for further cost reduction by taking into account the inherent advantages of thin film technology, e.g. high throughput and large scale coating with less energy and material consumption. The aim of R2R-CIGS is to develop efficient flexible solar modules by implementing innovative cost-effective processes such that production costs below 0.5 /Wp can be achieved in large volume factories with annual capacity of 500MWp in future. The main objectives of this project are: Flexible solar cells on polymer film with 20% efficiency and mini-module with 16% efficiency by control of composition gradient, surface, and interface properties on nano-scale Transfer of innovative buffer layer process for roll-to-roll manufacturing and replacing problematic CBD-CdS by higher yield processes such as (spatial) ALD and ultrasonic spray Developing fully laser based patterning technology for monolithic interconnection in R2R pilot-line Scale-up of static multi-stage CIGS deposition process from laboratory scale towards inline R2R compatible processes Implementation of the up-scaled multi-stage CIGS deposition process into pilot lines for R2R manufacturing of flexible CIGS modules Development of moisture barrier with WVTR < 5x10-4 g/m2/d and cost-effective encapsulation Decrease cost of ownership for enabling production costs below 0.5 /Wp for a commercial plant with annual production of 500 MWp in future


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2012.1.4-1 | Award Amount: 13.40M | Year: 2013

In this proposed integrating project we will develop innovative in-line high throughput manufacturing technologies which are all based on atmospheric pressure (AP) vapour phase surface and on AP plasma processing technologies. Both approaches have significant potential for the precise synthesis of nano-structures with tailored properties, but their effective simultaneous combination is particularly promising. We propose to merge the unique potential of atmospheric pressure atomic layer deposition (AP-ALD), with nucleation and growth chemical vapour deposition (AP-CVD) with atmospheric pressure based plasma technologies e.g. for surface nano-structuring by growth control or chemical etching and, sub-nanoscale nucleation (seed) layers. The potential for cost advantages of such an approach, combined with the targeted innovation, make the technology capable of step changes in nano-manufacturing. Compatible with high volume and flexible multi-functionalisation, scale-up to pilot-lines will be a major objective. Pilot lines will establish equipment platforms which will be targeted for identified, and substantial potential applications, in three strategically significant industrial areas: (i) energy storage by high capacity batteries and hybridcapacitors with enhanced energy density, (ii) solar energy production and, (iii) energy efficient (lightweight) airplanes. A further aim is to develop process control concepts based on in-situ monitoring methods allowing direct correlation of synthesis parameters with nanomaterial structure and composition. Demonstration of the developed on-line monitoring tools in pilot lines is targeted. The integrating project targets a strategic contribution to establishing a European high value added nano-manufacturing industry. New, cost efficient production methods will improve quality of products in high market value segments in industries such as renewable energy production, energy storage, aeronautics, and space. DoW adaptations being made responding on requests from Phase-2 Evaluation Report In Phase-2 of the evaluation process, a number of points were noted by the evaluators where the project had insufficient information or could benefit from upgrading or justification. Our response and actions against each point raised has been summarized and send to the project officer, Dr. Rene Martins, in a separate document.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2012.1.5 | Award Amount: 4.68M | Year: 2013

Project CATAPULT proposes to develop a radically new concept for automotive PEM fuel cell catalysts based on novel structures wherein platinum is deposited as an extremely thin layer ( <3 nm) on corrosion resistant supports of various morphologies, including particulate, nanofibrous and nanotubular, as well as nano-hierarchical combinations of these. In this approach, platinum is deposited using atomic layer deposition as thin, contiguous and conformal films that allow development of extended platinum or platinum alloy surfaces. Non-PGM catalysts will be developed via the tailored synthesis of metal-organic frameworks for their use either sacrificially to generate the C/N support for non-PGM species, or directly as a non-PGM catalyst. Hybrid ultra-low Pt/non-PGM catalysts and catalyst layers will also be investigated as a further novel approach. Increased fundamental understanding from supporting theoretical modelling will provide guidance to the strategies developed experimentally and to the down-selection of the new corrosion-resistant supports and their supported catalyst designs. Down-selected catalysts will be integrated into novel electrode designs and into MEAs incorporating state of the art membranes best adapted for automotive power trains, and evaluated according to protocols reproducing the stresses encountered in a drive cycle. The candidate MEA best satisfying performance and stability targets will be scaled-up for further assessment at large MEA and short stack levels. Techno-economic assessment will consider the scale up processability, and the impact of MEA performance and durability on stack costs. The well-balanced partnership, comprising two large industries (including an automotive OEM), two SMEs, two research organisations and two universities, will ensure close cooperation between industrial and institute partners, know-how, experience, research leadership, complementarity and industrial relevance.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-29-2014 | Award Amount: 4.36M | Year: 2015

The flexolighting programme is focussed on research and innovations on materials, processes and device technology for OLED lighting with the intention of building a supply chain within Europe. The aim is to realise OLED devices over a large area/surface with high brightness, high uniformity and long life time. A demonstrator will be built and delivered at the end of the project. The main targets are (i). Cost of the lighting panels should be less than Euro 1 per 100 lumens. (II). high luminous efficiency, in excess of 100 lm/W with improved out-coupling efficiency. (ii). white light life-time of at least 1000 hours at 97% of the original luminance of 5000 cdm-2.(iii). The materials and the devices therefrom will allow for differential aging of the colours, thus maintaining the same colour co-ordinates and CRI over its use. (iv). Attention will be paid to recyclability and environmental impact of the materials and the OLED lighting systems. Flexolighting project will also ensure European industrial leadership in lighting. The introduction of OLED Lighting technology is held back by the current cost of the systems, life-time and poor uniformity of luminance on large area panels. The programme aims to combine existing state of the art OLED materials technology (Thermally activated fluorescent materials (TADF) and phosphorescent emitters and world class transport materials) with new developments in processing technologies (Organic Vapour Phase Deposition (OVPD) and printing technologies) to develop new next of generation low cost OLED lighting systems to move forward to scale up and full scale production on novel planarized flexible steel substrates with cost effective conformal encapsulation method. The transparent top contacts made of thin metallic films, conducting polymers or graphene monolayer with metal tracks to reduce the series resistance will be employed in inverted top emitting OLED structures to deliver 100 lumens per Euro.


An apparatus for processing two or more substrates in a batch process by subjecting at least part of the surface of the substrates to alternating surface reactions of at least a first and a second precursor. The apparatus includes: multiple substrate holders for supporting the substrates, and a reaction chamber that includes a reaction space for depositing material on the surface of the substrates during a processing phase. The substrate holders are installed or arranged to be installed inside the reaction chamber for processing of the substrates inside the reaction chamber during the processing phase. During a loading phase in which the substrates are loaded to the substrate holders by a loading device, at least some of the substrate holders are arranged to be movable relative to each other.


The present invention relates to an apparatus and method for producing aerosol. The apparatus comprising a first atomizer for producing a first aerosol jet and a second atomizer for producing a second aerosol jet, each atomizer comprising an atomizing head in which the liquid is atomized into an atomized aerosol jet. Said atomizers further comprise a focusing part arranged to restrain the atomized aerosol jet for providing a punctual aerosol jet, said focusing part extending directly from the atomizing head. The first and second atomizer form an atomizer pair such that the atomizers are aligned towards each other for colliding the aerosol jets to each other.


Patent
Beneq Oy | Date: 2014-09-02

The invention relates to a method of coating a substrate in a deposition chamber. The method comprising the steps of providing a source of at least one liquid precursor; atomizing the at least one liquid precursor into liquid droplets in the deposition chamber for producing aerosol; filling the deposition chamber with aerosol for forming saturated aerosol in the deposition chamber; and settling saturated aerosol by gravitation towards a surface of the substrate for coating the substrate in the deposition chamber.


Patent
Beneq Oy | Date: 2014-06-10

A burner nozzle is disclosed, comprising a nozzle body that includes a slit such that a line passage to the slit opens in an outlet face surface at the surface of the burner nozzle body. A plurality of channels is connected to the slit. A group of first channels is connected to a source of oxidizing substance, and a group of second channels is connected to a fuel source. Each of the first channels and second channels have a circumferential passage to the slit at a non-zero distance from the outlet face surface. Furthermore, each of the first channels and second channels is formed to output a directed tubular flow towards a side wall of the slit, or towards a circumferential passage in a side wall of the slit. A safe pre-mixed burner configuration is achieved. A burner and a surface treatment device incorporating the burner nozzle are also disclosed.


A method for forming an electrically conductive oxide film (1) on a substrate (2), the method comprising the steps of, bringing the substrate (2) into a reaction space, forming a preliminary deposit on a deposition surface of the substrate (2) and treating the deposition surface with a chemical. The step of forming the preliminary deposit on the deposition surface of the substrate (2) comprises forming a preliminary deposit of transition metal oxide on the deposition surface and subsequently purging the reaction space. The step of treating the deposition surface with a chemical comprises treating the deposition surface with an organometallic chemical and subsequently purging the reaction space, to form oxide comprising oxygen, first metal and transition metal. The steps of forming the preliminary deposit and treating the deposition surface being alternately repeated such that a film (1) of electrically conductive oxide is formed on the substrate (2).

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