Entity

Time filter

Source Type

Seattle, United States

Benaroya Research Institute is a Seattle, Washington non-profit organization which conducts autoimmune disease medical research. It is housed at Virginia Mason Medical Center. Wikipedia.


Ziegler S.F.,Benaroya Research Institute
Current Opinion in Immunology | Year: 2010

The importance of the epithelium in initiating and controlling immune responses is becoming more appreciated. For example, allergen contact first occurs at mucosal sites exposed to the external environment, such as the skin, airways and gastrointestinal tract. This exposure leads to the production of a variety of cytokines and chemokines that are involved in driving allergic inflammatory responses. One such product is thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP). Recent studies, in both humans and mouse models, have implicated TSLP in the development and progression of atopy and atopic diseases. This review will discuss this work and place TSLP in the inflammatory cascade that leads to allergic disease. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Ziegler S.F.,Benaroya Research Institute
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2012

The importance of the epithelium in initiating and controlling immune responses is becoming more appreciated. For example, allergen contact first occurs at mucosal sites exposed to the external environment, such as the skin, airways, and gastrointestinal tract. This exposure leads to the production of a variety of cytokines and chemokines that are involved in driving allergic inflammatory responses. One such product is thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP). Recent studies in both human subjects and murine models have implicated TSLP in the development and progression of allergic diseases. This review will highlight recent advances in the understanding of the role of TSLP in these inflammatory diseases. Importantly, these insights into TSLP's multifaceted role could potentially allow for novel therapeutic manipulations of these disorders. © 2012 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Source


Lord J.D.,Benaroya Research Institute
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2015

Since their discovery two decades ago, CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) have become the subject of intense investigation by immunologists. Unlike other T cells, which promote an immune response, Tregs actively inhibit inflammation when activated by their cognate antigen, thus raising hope that these cells could be engineered into a highly targeted, antigenspecific, immunosuppressant therapy. Although Tregs represent less than 10% of circulating CD4+T cells, they have been shown to play an essential role in preventing or limiting inflammation in a variety of animal models and human diseases. In particular, spontaneous intestinal inflammation has been shown to occur in the absence of Tregs, suggesting that there may be a Treg defect central to the pathogenesis of human inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, over the past decade, multiple groups have reported no qualitative or quantitative deficits in Tregs from the intestines and blood of IBD patients to explain why these cells fail to regulate inflammation in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. In this review, we will discuss the history of Tregs, what is known about them in IBD, and what progress and obstacles have been seen with efforts to employ them for therapeutic benefit. © 2015 Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved. Source


Ziegler A.-G.,TU Munich | Nepom G.T.,Benaroya Research Institute
Immunity | Year: 2010

A combination of genetic and immunological features is useful for prediction of autoimmune diabetes. Patterns of immune response correspond to the progression from a preclinical phase of disease to end-stage islet damage, with biomarkers indicating transition from susceptibility to active autoimmunity, and to a final loss of immune regulation. Here, we review the markers that provide evidence for immunological checkpoint failure and that also provide tools for assessment of individualized disease risk. When viewed in the context of genetic variation that influences immune response thresholds, progression from susceptibility to overt disease displays predictable modalities of clinical presentation resulting from a sequential series of failed homeostatic checkpoints for selection and activation of immunity. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source


Patent
Benaroya Research Institute | Date: 2011-02-25

Provided herein are methods for the determination of antigen-specific CD4+ T cell phenotype and/or frequency, which is useful for detecting or monitoring immune function, directing immunotherapy to the use of those epitopes or antigen fragments that elicit an allergic reaction (e.g., as measured by detection of a Th2 response) and/or promote immune deviation, monitoring an immune response to a particular antigen, etc.

Discover hidden collaborations