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Houston, TX, United States

Howard C.M.,Pulmonary | Kass J.S.,Ben Taub General Hospital | Bandi V.D.P.,Pulmonary | Guntupalli K.K.,Pulmonary
Chest | Year: 2014

Anti- N -methyl- D -aspartate receptor encephalitis (NMDARE) is characterized by a constellation of psychiatric, neurologic, autonomic, and cardiopulmonary manifestations. Although patients typically recover with appropriate treatment, they commonly require weeks to months of inpatient care, including prolonged stays in critical care units. This case series not only advocates for consideration of the disease in the appropriate context but also specifi cally highlights the distinct challenges intensivists encounter caring for patients with NMDARE. With a greater knowledge of the nuances and sequelae of NMDARE, critical care specialists will be better equipped to anticipate and manage the potentially life-threatening complications of the disease. © 2014 American College of Chest Physicians.

Rossmann Beel E.,Baylor College of Medicine | Rench M.A.,Baylor College of Medicine | Montesinos D.P.,Ben Taub General Hospital | Montesinos D.P.,Center for Vaccine Awareness and Research | And 2 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2014

Objective: Adult vaccination coverage is low and current strategies are unlikely to achieve Healthy People 2020 targets. We determined the attitude of adult infant contacts toward recommended adult vaccines and their willingness to receive vaccines should they be available during hospital visits or prenatal or infant clinic appointments. Methods: Survey of predominantly Hispanic, underinsured and medically underserved infant contacts at a county hospital in Houston, Texas where a pertussis cocooning program is offered. Results: Two hundred and eighty-five contacts (mean age 32.8 years [18-73]; 94.8% Hispanic) participated. Most were fathers (58.2%), followed by aunts (19%), and grandparents (12.3%). Participants used many health information sources. 221 (77.5%) considered healthcare providers the most influential on their decisions but only 51.6% reported healthcare visits within the prior year. Forty-one (14.4%) discussed family vaccinations during prenatal visits. Preferred locations for adult vaccination were hospital or clinic-based (96.5%). Lack of knowledge (22.8%), fear of pain/needles (14.7%), work commitments (14%), lack of transport (11.2%), cost (10.2%) and fear of side effects (5.3%) were barriers to vaccination. More males than females reported fear of pain/needles and work commitments (P 0.01 and P 0.02, respectively), and more females lack of transport (P<. 0.001) as barriers. Most planned to (76.1%) or had received (7%) pertussis vaccine; if available, 73.3%, 53.3% and 50.5% expressed willingness to receive vaccines against influenza, pneumonia and meningitis, respectively. Age, ethnicity or education was not associated with willingness to be vaccinated. Vaccine acceptance was higher in females than males for pertussis (P 0.04), influenza (P 0.008), pneumonia (P 0.04), and meningitis (P 0.006) vaccines by multiple regression analysis. Conclusions: Most adults were willing to be vaccinated if offered during hospital visits or clinic appointments for mother or infant. Development and expansion of recommended immunization platforms, such as the cocooning platform, offers the opportunity to increase adult vaccination coverage. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Medford-Davis L.,Ben Taub General Hospital | Decamp M.,Northwestern University | Recht A.,Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center | Flickinger J.,Pittsburgh Cancer Institute | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2012

We review the evidence for optimal surgical management and adjuvant therapy for patients with stages I and II non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) along with factors associated with increased risks of recurrence. Based on the current evidence, we recommend optimal use of mediastinal lymph node dissection, adjuvant chemotherapy, and post-operative radiation therapy, and make suggestions for areas to explore in future prospective randomized clinical trials. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Chung C.,Lyndon B. Johnson General Hospital | Lee R.,Ben Taub General Hospital
European Oncology and Haematology | Year: 2014

Neoadjuvant or preoperative chemotherapy is the preferred treatment for locally advanced, inflammatory and early-stage high-risk breast cancers. Patients with locally advanced breast cancers are candidates for neoadjuvant therapy because their tumours are often not amenable to resection. On the other hand, patients are candidates for neoadjuvant chemotherapy if the breast-conserving surgery is not possible. At present, anthracycline- and taxane-based chemotherapy regimens remain as the cornerstone for neoadjuvant therapy in early breast cancer, but there is a clear need for effective therapies in high-risk, early-stage patients. A number of chemotherapeutic and targeted therapies have been evaluated in clinical trials with varying results. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently approved pertuzumab in combination with trastfuzumab and cytotoxic chemotherapy as a neoadjuvant therapy option for HER2-positive breast cancer. This article reviews the neoadjuvant chemotherapeutic and targeted therapies options for early-stage, high-risk breast cancer. Possible role of molecular subtyping in triple-negative breast cancer is also described. © TOUCH MEDICAL MEDIA 2014.

Chung C.,Lyndon B. Johnson General Hospital | Reilly S.,Ben Taub General Hospital
American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy | Year: 2015

Purpose. The pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, clinical efficacy, safety, administration, cost, and place in therapy of trametinib for the treatment of metastatic melanoma are reviewed. Summary. Approximately 40-60% of malignant melanomas have gene mutations at codon 600 of the BRAF gene that result in the activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. Trametinib is the first-in-class mitogen-activated, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MEK) inhibitor that targets a kinase in the MAPK pathway that plays a key role in oncogenic cell proliferation, survival, invasion, tumor angiogenesis, and escape from apoptosis. It is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in patients whose tumors express the BRAF V600E or V600K gene mutations. Moreover, trametinib is also indicated for use in combination with dabrafenib (a BRAF inhibitor). Trametinib is not indicated in patients who have received prior BRAF-inhibitor therapy due to poor response and possible cross- resistance. The most common adverse effects associated with the use of trametinib for both monotherapy and combination therapy are rash, diarrhea, peripheral edema, fatigue, and dermatitis. The recommended dosage of trametinib monotherapy is 2 mg orally once daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurs. With a daily dose of 2 mg, an estimated 30-day course of treatment would cost approximately $9135. Conclusion. Trametinib, a novel MEK inhibitor, provides an alternative therapy for patients with BRAF V600 E/K metastatic melanoma as a single agent or in combination therapy for patients not previously treated with a BRAF inhibitor. More studies are needed to determine the safe and effective combination or sequencing of trametinib with other therapies. Copyright © 2015, American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. All rights reserved.

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