Cloutman D.G.,Bemidji State University
Comparative Parasitology | Year: 2011
Dactylogyrus robisoni n. sp. is described from the bluehead shiner, Pteronotropis hubbsi (Bailey and Robison), 1978, in Arkansas, U.S.A. Dactylogyrus robisoni is morphologically most similar to Dactylogyrus moorei Monaco and Mizelle, 1955, and Dactylogyrus ornatus Rogers, 1967, by possessing a long, slender, often sinuous copulatory accessory piece. The accessory piece of D. robisoni differs from those of the other 2 species by lacking a medial ramus and terminating in an elongate bulb. © 2011 The Helminthological Society of Washington.
Gonzalez J.,Bemidji State University |
Trickett E.J.,University of Illinois at Chicago
American Journal of Community Psychology | Year: 2014
This paper describes the processes we engaged into develop a measurement protocol used to assess the outcomes in a community based suicide and alcohol abuse prevention project with two Alaska Native communities. While the literature on community-based participatory research (CBPR) is substantial regarding the importance of collaborations, few studies have reported on this collaboration in the process of developing measures to assess CBPR projects. We first tell a story of the processes around the standard issues of doing cross-cultural work on measurement development related to areas of equivalence. A second story is provided that highlights how community differences within the same cultural group can affect both the process and content of culturally relevant measurement selection, adaptation, and development. © 2014 Society for Community Research and Action.
Bilanovic D.,Bemidji State University |
Holland M.,Salisbury University |
Armon R.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
Energy Conversion and Management | Year: 2012
Microalgae CO 2 sequestering facilities might become an industrial reality if microalgae biomass could be produced at cost below $500.00 t -1. We develop a model for estimation of total production costs of microalgae as a function of known production-specific expenses, and incorporate into the model the effects of uncontrollable factors which affect known production-specific expenses. Random fluctuations were intentionally incorporated into the model, consequently into generated cost/technology scenarios, because each and every logically interconnected equipment/operation that is used in design/construction/operation/maintenance of a production process is inevitably subject to random cost/price fluctuations which can neither be eliminated nor a priori controlled. A total of 152 costs/technology scenarios were evaluated to find 44 scenarios in which predicted total production costs of microalgae (PTPCM) was in the range $200-500 t -1 ha -1 y -1. An additional 24 scenarios were found with PTCPM in the range of $102-200 t -1 ha -1 y -1. These findings suggest that microalgae CO 2 sequestering and the production of commercial compounds from microalgal biomass can be economically viable venture even today when microalgae production technology is still far from its optimum. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Bilanovic D.,Bemidji State University |
Starosvetsky J.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology |
Armon R.H.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
Food Hydrocolloids | Year: 2015
In a waterless or near-waterless environment glycerol's hydroxyl groups react with xanthan's functional groups to make glycerol cross-linked xanthan (GCX) since not enough water is present to inhibit glycerol-xanthan reactions. The water, formed during cross-linking, in fact catalyzes the unwinding of xanthan's double-helix thus making functional groups of its side chains and of its backbone more accessible for cross-linking. Functional groups of xanthan's side chains and those in its backbone are cross-linked with glycerol monomers and oligomers. Glycerol monomers and its oligomers cross-link xanthan when glycerol to xanthan weight ratio is smaller than 27.6. Hardness increases with an increase of xanthan to glycerol ratio; GCX made with 50% wt xanthan is a hard solid material almost 40 times harder than GCX gel made with 5% wt xanthan. A gram of GCX absorbs more than 39 g of water. In a waterless or near-waterless environment glycerol cross-links xanthan and other bio-polymers. Materials made by glycerol cross-linking of bio-polymers can be used as hydrogels, absorbents, coatings, carriers in controlled delivery of chemicals, films, membranes and are of interest for those and other applications in agriculture, food, pharmaceutical and other industries. Using glycerol to cross-link bio-polymers and other compounds will also help decrease the pressure on the water resources and minimize pollution of the environment. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Sagheb-Tehrani M.,Bemidji State University
Electronic Government | Year: 2010
Some state, national and local governments around the world have long played active roles in the use of Information Technologies (IT) to stimulate economic development. Electronic government utilises IT to provide all the access to a wide range of public services. Governments see IT as a way to improve the quality of life of their citizens. Today governments at all levels respond to millions of citizen demands electronically. Many public organisations are implementing Electronic Government (e-government) projects. There is a need to put forward a conceptual model focusing on steps towards implementing more successful e-government projects. The paper argues that several key success factors are appropriate for e-government implementation. About 12 e-government websites were examined upon those key success factors. This paper puts forward a conceptual model for a better implementation of electronic government. © 2010 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.