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Verstraete K.,Belgium Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research | De Reu K.,Belgium Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research | Van Weyenberg S.,Belgium Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research | Pierard D.,Belgian VTEC Reference Laboratory | And 5 more authors.
Epidemiology and Infection | Year: 2013

In this study, we characterized 272 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) isolates from humans, food, and cattle in Belgium [O157 (n = 205), O26 (n = 31), O103 (n = 15), O111 (n = 10), O145 (n = 11)] for their virulence profile, whole genome variations and relationships on different genetic levels. Isolates of O157 displayed a wide variation of stx genotypes, heterogeneously distributed among pulsogroups (80% similarity), but with a concordance at the pulsosubgroup level (90% similarity). Of all serogroups evaluated, the presence of eae was conserved, whereas genes encoded on the large plasmid (ehx, espP, katP) occurred in variable combinations in O26, O103, and O145. The odds of having haemolytic uraemic syndrome was less for all genotypes stx2a, stx2c, stx1/stx2c, and stx1 compared to genotype stx2a/stx2c; and for patients aged >5 years compared to patients aged â©5 years. Based on the genetic typing and by using epidemiological data, we could confirm outbreak isolates and suggest epidemiological relationships between some sporadic cases. Undistinguishable pulsotypes or clones with minor genotypic variations were found in humans, food, and cattle in different years, which demonstrated the important role of cattle as a reservoir of STEC O157, and the circulation and persistence of pathogenic clones. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2013. Source


Elhadidy M.,Mansoura University | Elkhatib W.F.,Hampton University | Elfadl E.A.,Mansoura University | Verstraete K.,Belgium Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research | And 8 more authors.
Microbiology (Reading, England) | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to identify an epidemiological association between Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 : H7 strains associated with human infection and with food sources. Frequency distributions of different genetic markers of E. coli O157 : H7 strains recovered from human and food sources were compared using molecular assays to identify E. coli O157 : H7 genotypes associated with variation in pathogenic potential and host specificity. Genotypic characterization included: lineage-specific polymorphism assay (LSPA-6), clade typing, tir (A255T) polymorphism, Shiga toxin-encoding bacteriophage insertion site analysis and variant analysis of Shiga toxin 2 gene (stx2a and stx2c) and antiterminator Q genes (Q933 and Q21). The intermediate lineage (LI/II) dominated among both food and human strains. Compared to other clades, clades 7 and 8 were more frequent among food and human strains, respectively. The tir (255T) polymorphism occurred more frequently among human strains than food strains. Q21 and Q933 + Q21 were found at significantly higher frequencies among food and human strains, respectively. Moreover, stx2a and stx2a+c were detected at significantly higher frequencies among human strains compared to food strains. Bivariate analysis revealed significant concordance (P<0.05) between the LSPA-6 assay and the other typing methods. Multivariable regression analysis suggested that tir (255T) was the most distinctive genotype that can be used to detect bacterial clones with potential risk for human illness from food sources. This study supported previous reports of the existence of diversity in genetic markers among different isolation sources by including E. coli O157 : H7 strains from both food and human sources. This might enable tracking genotypes with potential risk for human illness from food sources. © 2015 The Authors. Source


Elhadidy M.,Mansoura University | Elkhatib W.F.,Ain Shams University | Elkhatib W.F.,Hampton University | Abo Elfadl E.A.,Mansoura University | And 11 more authors.
Microbiology (United Kingdom) | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to identify an epidemiological association between Shiga toxinproducing Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains associated with human infection and with food sources. Frequency distributions of different genetic markers of E. coli O157:H7 strains recovered from human and food sources were compared using molecular assays to identify E. coli O157:H7 genotypes associated with variation in pathogenic potential and host specificity. Genotypic characterization included: lineage-specific polymorphism assay (LSPA-6), clade typing, tir (A255T) polymorphism, Shiga toxin-encoding bacteriophage insertion site analysis and variant analysis of Shiga toxin 2 gene (stx2a and stx2c) and antiterminator Q genes (Q933 and Q21). The intermediate lineage (LI/II) dominated among both food and human strains. Compared to other clades, clades 7 and 8 were more frequent among food and human strains, respectively. The tir (255T) polymorphism occurred more frequently among human strains than food strains. Q21 and Q933+Q21 were found at significantly higher frequencies among food and human strains, respectively. Moreover, stx2a and stx2a+c were detected at significantly higher frequencies among human strains compared to food strains. Bivariate analysis revealed significant concordance (P<0.05) between the LSPA-6 assay and the other typing methods. Multivariable regression. © 2015 The Authors. Source

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