Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
Beijing, China

Beijing University of Chinese Medicine is a university in Beijing, China. Founded in 1956 the Beijing University of Chinese Medicine is one of the earliest established traditional Chinese medical institutions for higher learning in the People Republic of China. It is the only traditional Chinese medical higher learning institution that has a place in the 211 Project for national development. The former Beijing University of Chinese Medicine and the former Beijing College of Acupuncture, Orthopedics and Traumatology merged into the new Beijing University of Chinese Medicine on July 31, 2000, and became a priority university directly under the supervision of the Ministry of Education.BUCM strives to meet the demands of training Chinese medical professionals for the 21st century. In recent years, the university has established itself as a leader in the field of TCM education, scientific research, and medical treatment. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: HEALTH-2007-2.1.2-7 | Award Amount: 1.12M | Year: 2009

In contrast to the reductionist approach of Western medicine that is based on modern anatomy, cell and molecular biology, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) uses a unique theory system and an individualised and holistic approach to describe health and disease, based on the philosophy of Yin-Yang balance and an emphasis on harmony of functions. These two medicine systems disagree with each other in many situations as both of them may observe health from their limited perspective. GP-TCM aims to inform best practice and harmonise research of the safety and efficacy of TCM, especially Chinese herbal medicines (CHM) and acupuncture, in EU Member States using a functional genomics approach through exchange of opinions, experience and expertise among scientists in EU Member States and China. In 10 proposed work packages, we will take actions to review the current status, identify problems and solutions in the quality control, extraction and analysis of CHM. While these fundamental issues are addressed, discussion forums emphasising the use of functional genomics methodology in research of the safety, efficacy and mechanisms of CHM and acupuncture will be the core of this Coordination project. It will include the application of the technique in cell-based models, animal models and in clinical studies. Guidelines about good practice and agreed protocols in related research areas will be published to promote future TCM research in all the EU member states; online tools and research resources will be made available to EU member states; EU member states and additional China partners will be invited to join this network; The GP-TCM Research Association will be established during this project and kept running autonomously to continue the guidance and coordination of EU-China collaboration in TCM research.

Zhang Z.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
Current topics in medicinal chemistry | Year: 2016

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder with progressive damage to brain cells. It is the leading cause of dementia worldwide that is characterized by impairment of memory and eventually by reasoning and perception disturbances. No curative treatment for dementia is currently available. With the progress of RNA sequencing and transcriptome analysis, the discovery of non-protein coding RNAs expands our knowledge about the genome. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) which are involved in a wide variety of biological processes as regulatory molecule, have been the focus of much recent research. In this review, we focus on the emerging roles of these lncRNAs in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. Their expressions are brain-specific and dysregulated in the patient and animal model. Here, we will summarize the pathological features influenced by lncRNAs and therefore provide an lncRNA point-of-view on AD. This should stimulate new research directions and therapeutic options considering lncRNAs as novel prognostic markers and therapeutic targets.

Hua Q.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
Current topics in medicinal chemistry | Year: 2016

γ-secretase is a membrane-embedded aspartyl protease carrying out cleavage of more than 100 single transmembrane-spanning proteins, including APP, Notch, N-cadherin, etc. Its subunit, presenilin (PS) is the catalytic component, of which mutations are a major cause of early onset familial Alzheimer disease (FAD). These mutations lead to an increase in the production of the highly amyloidogenic Aβ42 isoform. Drugs aimed at γ-secretase are now considered to be promising therapeutic targets for AD. γ-secretase inhibitors (GSIs) were first introduced into clinical trials due to their efficacy in lowering Aβ production, but later were found to cause severe adverse events due to their blockage of the Notch signaling process. γ-secretase modulators (GSMs) were developed to modulate γ-secretase activity by selectively targeting Aβ42 reduction over the Notch pathway, which have been shown to have less side effects. Although clinical studies show that none of the GSIs or GSMs have been proven to be fully effective, they shed light on the physiological role of γ-secretase and PS in AD development. At the same time, natural products, due to their structural diversity and pleiotropic profile, can modulate γ-secretase activity in a dose-dependent manner, broadening our vision of drug development. With the structural information of γ-secretase released recently, we speculate there will be an explosion of γ-secretase modulators targeting not only the proteolysic center but also the interaction of its different components.

Chen W.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews | Year: 2013

Chinese herbal medicine is frequently used for treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy in China. Many controlled trials have been undertaken to investigate its efficacy.This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in the year 2011. To assess the beneficial effects and harms of Chinese herbal medicine for people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. On 14 May 2012, we searched the Cochrane Neuromuscular Disease Group Specialized Register CENTRAL (2012, Issue 4 in The Cochrane Library), MEDLINE (January 1966 to May 2012), EMBASE (January 1980 to May 2012), AMED (January 1985 to May 2012) and in October 2012, the Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM) (1979 to October 2012), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI) (1979 to October 2012), and VIP Chinese Science and Technique Journals Database (1989 to October 2012). We searched for unpublished literature in the Chinese Conference Papers Database, and Chinese Dissertation Database (from inception to October 2012). There were no language or publication restrictions. We included randomised controlled trials of Chinese herbal medicine (with a minimum of four weeks treatment duration) for people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy compared with placebo, no intervention, or conventional interventions. Trials of herbal medicine plus a conventional drug versus the drug alone were also included. Two authors independently extracted data and evaluated trial quality. We contacted study authors for additional information. Forty-nine randomised trials involving 3639 participants were included. All trials were conducted and published in China. Thirty-eight different herbal medicines were tested in these trials, including four single herbs (extracts from a single herb), eight traditional Chinese patent medicines, and 26 self concocted Chinese herbal compound prescriptions. The trials reported on global symptom improvement (including improvement in numbness or pain) and changes in nerve conduction velocity. The positive results described from the 49 studies of low quality are of questionable significance. There was inadequate reporting on adverse events in the included trials. Eighteen trials found no adverse events. Two trials reported adverse events: adverse events occurred in the control group in one trial, and in the other it was unclear in which group the adverse events occurred. 29 trials did not mention whether they monitored adverse events. Conclusions cannot be drawn from this review about the safety of herbal medicines, due to inadequate reporting. Most of the trials were of very low methodological quality and therefore the interpretation of any positive findings for the efficacy of the included Chinese herbal medicines for treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy should be made with caution. Based on this systematic review, there is no evidence to support the objective effectiveness and safety of Chinese herbal medicines for diabetic peripheral neuropathy. No well-designed, randomised, placebo controlled trial with objective outcome measures has been conducted.

Liu J.P.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews | Year: 2013

Uterine fibroids are the most common non-malignant growths in women of childbearing age. They are associated with heavy menstrual bleeding and subfertility. Herbal preparations are commonly used as alternatives to surgical procedures. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Chinese herbal medicine for treatment of uterine fibroids. The authors with the guidance of the Trials Search Coordinator searched the following electronic databases: the Trials Registers of the Cochrane Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Group and the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2012, Issue 4), MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Chinese Biomedical Database, the Traditional Chinese Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System (TCMLARS), AMED, and LILACS. The searches were up to 11 September 2012. Randomised controlled trials comparing herbal preparations with no intervention, placebo, medical treatment, or surgical procedures in women with uterine fibroids. We included trials of herbal preparations with or without conventional therapy. Two review authors collected data independently. We assessed trial risk of bias according to our methodological criteria. We presented dichotomous data as risk ratios (RR) and continuous outcomes as mean differences (MD), both with 95% confidence intervals (CI). We included 21 randomised trials (involving 2222 women) and the majority of them had unclear or high risk of bias. There were several different herbal preparations used within the included trials. The average treatment duration was three to six months. The primary outcome of uterine fibroid related symptoms was not reported in any of the included trials. The majority of the trials reported fibroid volume and size of the uterus.Compared with mifepristone, Tripterygium wilfordii extract was associated with a greater reduction in the fibroid volume (MD -23.03 cm(3), 95% CI -28.39 to -17.67; 2 trials) and in uterine size (MD -51.25 cm(3), 95% CI -77.70 to -24.80; 2 trials). There was no evidence of a significant difference between Nona Roguy herbal product and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist on the average fibroid volume or the uterine size. The combination of Guizhi Fuling formula and mifepristone was associated with a greater reduction in the fibroid volume (-1.72 [-2.42, -1.02] 7 trials) and in uterine size (MD -31.63 [95% CI -54.58, -8.68] 3 trials)) compared with mifepristone alone. Only 13/21 trials reported on adverse events and no serious adverse effects from herbal preparations were reported. Current evidence does not support or refute the use of herbal preparations for treatment of uterine fibroids due to insufficient studies with large sample sizes and of high quality. Further high quality trials evaluating clinically relevant outcomes are warranted.

Liu Z.L.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews | Year: 2013

Hypertriglyceridaemia is associated with many diseases including atherosclerosis, diabetes, hypertension and chylomicronaemia. Chinese herbal medicines have been used for a long time as lipid-lowering agents. To assess the effects and safety of Chinese herbal medicines for hypertriglyceridaemia. We searched a number of databases including The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE and several Chinese databases (all until May 2012). Randomised controlled trials in participants with hypertriglyceridaemia comparing Chinese herbal medicines with placebo, no treatment, and pharmacological or non-pharmacological interventions. Two review authors independently extracted data and assessed the risk of bias. Any disagreement was resolved by discussion and a decision was achieved based on consensus. We assessed trials for risk of bias against key criteria: random sequence generation, allocation concealment, blinding of participants, incomplete outcome data, selective outcome reporting and other sources of bias. We included three randomised trials with 170 participants. Ninety participants were randomised to the Chinese herbal medicines groups and 80 to the comparator groups with numbers ranging from 50 to 60 participants per trial. The duration of treatment varied from four to six weeks. All the included trials were conducted in China and published in Chinese. Overall, the risk of bias of included trials was unclear. There were no outcome data in any of the trials on death from any cause, cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events, health-related quality of life, or costs.Three different herbal medicines, including Zhusuan Huoxue decoction, Huoxue Huayu Tongluo decoction, and Chushi Huayu decoction were evaluated. All three trials investigating Chinese herbal medicines treatment alone (two studies) or in combination with gemfibrozil (one study) reported results on serum triglyceride (TG) in favour of the herbal treatment. We did not perform a meta-analysis due to significant clinical heterogeneity between the studies.No relevant differences in adverse effects occurred and no serious adverse events were noted. The present systematic review suggests that Chinese herbal medicines may have positive effects on hypertriglyceridaemia. The trials did not report serious adverse effects following Chinese herbal medicines treatment. However, based on an unclear risk of bias in included studies and lack of patient-important long-term outcomes, no definite conclusion could be reached.

Liu Z.L.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews | Year: 2013

Fatty liver disease is potentially a reversible condition that may lead to end-stage liver disease. Since herbal medicines such as Crataegus pinnatifida and Salvia miltiorrhiza have increasingly been used in the management of fatty liver disease, a systematic review on herbal medicine for fatty liver disease is needed. To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of herbal medicines for people with alcoholic or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. We searched The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (Issue 3, 2012), MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Science Citation Index Expanded to 1 March 2012. We also searched the Chinese BioMedical Database, Traditional Chinese Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese VIP Information, Chinese Academic Conference Papers Database and Chinese Dissertation Database, and the Allied and Complementary Medicine Database to 2 March 2012. We included randomised clinical trials comparing herbal medicines with placebo, no treatment, a pharmacological intervention, or a non-pharmacological intervention such as diet or lifestyle, or Western interventions in participants with fatty liver disease. Two review authors extracted data independently. We used the 'risk of bias' tool to assess the risk of bias of the included trials. We assessed the following domains: random sequence generation, allocation concealment, blinding, incomplete outcome data, selective outcome reporting, and other sources of bias. We presented the effects estimates as risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) or as mean differences (MD) with 95% CI, depending on the variables of the outcome measures. We included 77 randomised clinical trials, which included 6753 participants with fatty liver disease. The risks of bias (overestimation of benefits and underestimation of harms) was high in all trials. The mean sample size was 88 participants (ranging from 40 to 200 participants) per trial. Seventy-five different herbal medicine products were tested. Herbal medicines tested in the randomised trials included single-herb products (Gynostemma pentaphyllum, Panax notoginseng, and Prunus armeniaca), proprietary herbal medicines commercially available, and combination formulas prescribed by practitioners. The most commonly used herbs were Crataegus pinnatifida,Salvia miltiorrhiza,Alisma orientalis,Bupleurum Chinense,Cassia obtusifolia, Astragalus membranaceous, and Rheum palmatum. None of the trials reported death, hepatic-related morbidity, quality of life, or costs. A large number of trials reported positive effects on putative surrogate outcomes such as serum aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, glutamyltransferase, alkaline phosphatases, ultrasound, and computed tomography scan. Twenty-seven trials reported adverse effects and found no significant difference between herbal medicines versus control. However, the risk of bias of the included trials was high.The outcomes were ultrasound findings in 22 trials, liver computed tomography findings in eight trials, aspartate aminotransferase levels in 64 trials, alanine aminotransferase activity in 77 trials, and glutamyltransferase activities in 44 trials. Six herbal medicines showed statistically significant beneficial effects on ultrasound, four on liver computed tomography, 42 on aspartate aminotransferase activity, 49 on alanine aminotransferase activity, three on alkaline phosphatases activity, and 32 on glutamyltransferase activity compared with control interventions. Some herbal medicines seemed to have positive effects on aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, ultrasound, and computed tomography. We found no significant difference on adverse effects between herbal medicine and control groups. The findings are not conclusive due to the high risk of bias of the included trials and the limited number of trials testing individual herbal medicines. Accordingly, there is also high risk of random errors.

Chen Z.Z.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
International journal of pharmaceutics | Year: 2013

The objective of this study was (1) to characterize geniposide transport through MDCK and MDCK-MDR1 cell lines to confirm its transport mechanism and (2) to evaluate the effect of borneol and muscone as enhancers of geniposide transport in the BBB models so as to explore the enhancement mechanism. Transport studies of geniposide were performed in both directions, from apical to basolateral and from basolateral to apical sides. Drug concentrations were analyzed by HPLC. Geniposide showed relatively poor absorption in MDCK and MDCK-MDR1 cells, apparent permeability coefficients ranging from 0.323×10(-6) to 0.422×10(-6) cm/s. The in vitro experiments showed that geniposide transport in both directions was not concentration dependent and saturable, indicating purely passive diffusion. The efflux ratio of geniposide was less than 2 in the two cell models, which suggested that geniposide was not P-gp substrates. Geniposide transport in both directions significantly increased when co-administrated with increasing concentrations of borneol and muscone. Actin staining results indicated that borneol and muscone increased geniposide transport in the BBB models may attribute to disassembly effect on tight junction integrity. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Zhang J.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
Cancer Research and Clinic | Year: 2015

Objective: To detect the relationship between characteristic signs of CT and cervical lymph node metastasis in elderly male patients with papillary thyroid cancer. Methods From January 2008 to December 2013, two hundred elderly male patients with papillary thyroid cancer were selected from 4 hospitals.The relationship between characteristic signs of CT and lymphatic metastasis was analyzed. Results There were 113 patients with cervical lymph node metastasis, while the other 87 patients without cervical lymph node metastasis. There were no statistical significant differences between patients with or without metastasis in the number of tumors, tumor morphology, calcification, and necrosis (P > 0.05), while there were statistical significant differences in tumor size [diameter ≥2 cm vs < 2 cm: 70.15 % (94/134) vs 28.79 % (19/66)], enhancement [high vs mild to moderate: 64.15 % (102/159) vs 26.83 % (11/41)] and surrounding invasion [with vs without: 66.67 % (104/156) vs 20.45 % (9/44)]. Conclusion: The characteristic signs of CT may be the indication of lymphatic metastasis in elderly male patients with papillary thyroid cancer.

Zhang W.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines : AJTCAM / African Networks on Ethnomedicines | Year: 2013

In recent years, several researches have showed that Buyang Huanwu Decoction (BHD) possesses multiple target points in the intervention of diseases, and has same treatment effects on cerebrovascular diseases and cardiovascular diseases. But, there was no full report about the mechanistic and material basis in Brain-Heart concurrent treatment. The objective of the present study was to examine the pharmacological mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine in the intervention of coronary heart disease and stroke. We combined the HIT, PubChem, David Database resource and the networked pharmacology method to ultimately find out BHD's thirty-five potential brain-heart concurrent treatment target points, and preliminarily reveal BHD's material basis for treatment of cerebrovascular diseases and cardiovascular diseases. Finally, the study provided new information with the guidance meanings.

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