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Beijing, China

Zhang J.,Peking University | Wang X.,Beijing Tongren Hospital | Chen Y.,Peking University | Yao W.,Peking University
Respirology | Year: 2014

Background and objective: Endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) may be a biomarker of asthma severity and activity. However, the relationship between exhaled H2S and airway inflammation phenotypes in asthma remains unclear. This study examined associations between endogenous H2S and chronic airway inflammatory phenotypes in patients with chronic persistent asthma. Methods: One hundred forty-eight patients (47 males, 101 females, 47.4 ± 15.3 years old) with chronic persistent asthma were enrolled. Induced sputum cells were examined, and patients were grouped according to sputum inflammatory cell composition. Baseline demographics, Asthma Control Test (ACT) scores, spirometry data and H2S levels in exhaled air and plasma were obtained for all patients. Results: The eosinophilic, neutrophilic,mixed granulocytic and paucigranulocytic inflammation groups included 57 (38.5%), 28 (18.9%), 23 (15.5%) and 40 (27%) subjects, respectively. The paucigranulocytic group had the best lung function, and patients with eosinophilic inflammation had lower ACT scores than patients with paucigranulocytic findings.In the eosinophilic group, lower exhaled H2S were found and exhaled H2S levels were negatively correlated with sputum eosinophil counts (R = -0.428, P < 0.01). Exhaled H2S levels were positively correlated with percent of predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s (R = 0.567, P < 0.01) and ACT score (R = 0.519, P < 0.01). Conclusions: Exhaled H2S may be a useful marker of airway inflammation in asthma. © 2014 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology. Source

Zhang J.,Peking University | Wang X.,Beijing Tongren Hospital | Chen Y.,Peking University | Yao W.,Peking University
Respiratory Care | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: The role of exhaled H2S as a marker of airway inflammation and its relationship with COPD severity remain to be determined. METHODS: Airway inflammation was classified in 77 COPD subjects based on the presence of inflammatory cells in induced sputum. We investigated the association between disease phenotype and exhaled H2S, lung function, and plasma levels of several inflammatory factors, including tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-8, and leukotriene B4. RESULTS: In total, 33.77% of enrolled COPD subjects were diagnosed with eosinophilia. These subjects had a longer disease course, smoked fewer cigarettes, and experienced more frequent exacerbation events before study enrollment. However, they also had worse lung function and larger residual volume, they demonstrated greater changes in FEV1 following bronchodilator inhalation. Although levels of plasma inflammatory factors did not significantly differ between subjects with and without eosinophilia, subjects without eosinophilia had significantly higher levels of exhaled H2S (9.19 ± 2.74 vs 7.24 ± 1.68 parts per billion, P = .01). Furthermore, exhaled H2S levels were negatively correlated with induced sputum eosinophils (r = −0.45, P = .05), and positively correlated with inspiratory capacity in COPD subjects (r = 0.51, P = .026), but did not correlate significantly with plasma inflammatory factors. A cut-off value of 7.10 parts per billion of exhaled H2S predicted a non-eosinophilic phenotype with 68.6% sensitivity and 77.9% specificity. CONCLUSIONS: Exhaled levels of H2S were lower in subjects with eosinophilia. Increased levels of exhaled H2S predicted a non-eosinophilic phenotype in our study population. © 2015 by Daedalus Enterprises. Source

Zhao J.,Peking Union Medical College | Ge J.,Sun Yat Sen University | Sun X.,Fudan University | Wang N.,Beijing Tongren Hospital
Journal of Glaucoma | Year: 2013

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of latanoprost and timolol in Chinese patients with chronic angle-closure glaucoma (CACG), who had undergone laser or surgical peripheral iridotomy but who continued to experience elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) levels. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This 8-week, randomized, open-label, parallel, active-controlled study was conducted at 4 sites in China. Subjects were 18 to 75 years of age; had primary, unilateral, or bilateral CACG with an IOP between 21 and 35 mm Hg inclusive at screening; and had undergone peripheral iridotomy at least 1 month before study entry. Subjects were randomized (1:1) to receive 1 drop of latanoprost 0.005% (PM) or 1 drop of timolol 0.5% twice daily (AM and PM). Follow-up was at weeks 1, 2, 4, and 8. Primary efficacy endpoint: change in average IOP from baseline to week 8. RESULTS: One hundred forty-two subjects were randomized into the latanoprost and timolol group; the analysis population included 141 subjects (latanoprost, n=71; timolol, n=70). Mean baseline average IOP levels were 24 mm Hg in both groups. The least square mean change from baseline to week 8 was -6.7 mm Hg for latanoprost versus -4.9 mm Hg for timolol [least square mean difference=1.8 mm Hg (95% confidence interval, 0.7-2.9); P<0.001]. Latanoprost was associated with significantly lower mean average IOP levels at each visit (P<0.05). Both treatments were well tolerated and no treatment-emergent adverse event was considered by investigators to be severe. CONCLUSIONS: Once-daily administration of latanoprost 0.005% was significantly more effective in reducing IOP in Chinese patients with CACG than twice-daily instillation of timolol 0.5%. Both agents were well tolerated. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Zeng Z.,Peking Union Medical College | Yang J.-K.,Beijing Tongren Hospital | Tong N.,University of Sichuan | Yan S.,Qingdao University | And 3 more authors.
Current Medical Research and Opinion | Year: 2013

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of linagliptin in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) inadequately controlled by metformin and sulphonylurea. Research design and methods: Data for a pre-defined Chinese subgroup who participated in a Phase III randomised, placebo-controlled, 24 week trial (NCT00602472) were analysed. The primary endpoint was change in HbA1c from baseline to 24 weeks. Apart from safety endpoints, secondary endpoints included changes in FPG and measures of insulin secretion and resistance. Results: A total of 192 Chinese patients with T2DM participated in the pre-defined analysis; 144 and 48 patients received linagliptin or placebo, respectively, added to metformin and sulphonylurea. Baseline characteristics (mean [±SD]) for linagliptin and placebo were similar: HbA1c: 8.1% (±0.85) and 8.1% (±0.84); body mass index: 25.9 (±3.2) and 25.6 (±3.4) kg/m2, respectively. Placebo-corrected mean (±SE) change in HbA1c from baseline at 24 weeks was -0.68% (0.14) with linagliptin-based treatment (95% CI: -0.96 to -0.39; P<0.0001). Placebo-corrected mean (±SE) change in FPG from baseline at 24 weeks with linagliptin was -18.8 (6.5) mg/dL (-1.0 [0.4] mmol/L; 95% CI: -31.7 to -5.9; P=0.0044). Overall adverse event (AE) rates with linagliptin and placebo including background medication were similar (38.9% and 43.8%, respectively). Drug-related AEs were reported by 12.5% and 2.1% of linagliptin and placebo patients, respectively. Differences were due to hypoglycaemia (10.4% and 0.0%, respectively). No severe hypoglycaemia was reported in either group of this sub-population. Conclusion: Linagliptin in combination with metformin and sulphonylurea has a favourable safety profile and is an efficacious and well tolerated treatment option for Chinese patients with inadequately controlled T2DM. Reduction of sulphonylurea dose should be considered to minimise risk of hypoglycaemia. Although the findings of this pre-specified sub-analysis may be limited by the number of patients in the subgroup, the results were generally consistent with those for the overall population. © 2013 Informa UK Ltd. Source

Tian G.,Beijing Tongren Hospital | Lu N.,Capital Medical University | Yan R.,Beijing Tongren Hospital | Zhang X.,Beijing Tongren Hospital
Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology | Year: 2011

A 40-year-old man presented with painless sudden visual loss due to a central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) in his right eye. Three months later, he had painless acute visual loss in his left eye with visual acuity of 20/100 and a swollen optic disc. After oral prednisone treatment, the disc swelling resolved and acuity recovered to 20/20. Five months later, the patient experienced another episode of vision loss in the left eye associated with optic disc edema. With steroid therapy, he regained 20/20 acuity once again. With a history of recurrent oral ulcers, fluorescein angiography showing obliterative retinal vasculitis in the right eye, and steroid responsive optic neuropathy in the left eye, we made the diagnosis of incomplete Behçet disease. © 2011 by North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society. Source

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