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Yan P.,Beijing University of Chemical Technology | Wang R.,Beijing University of Chemical Technology | Zhao N.,Beijing University of Chemical Technology | Zhao H.,Virginia Commonwealth University | And 2 more authors.
Nanoscale | Year: 2015

Favorable physical and chemical properties endow Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) with various biomedical applications. After appropriate surface functionalization, Au NPs could construct promising drug/gene carriers with multiple functions. There is now ample evidence that physicochemical properties, such as size, shape, and surface chemistry, can dramatically influence the behaviors of Au NPs in biological systems. Investigation of these parameters could be fundamentally important for the application of Au NPs as drug/gene carriers. In this work, we designed a series of novel gene carriers employing polycation-functionalized Au NPs with five different morphologies (including Au nanospheres, Au nano-octahedra, arrow-headed Au nanorods, and Au nanorods with different aspect ratios). The effects of the particle size and shape of these different carriers on gene transfection were investigated in detail. The morphology of Au NPs is demonstrated to play an important role in gene transfection. The most efficient gene carriers are those fabricated with arrow-headed Au nanorods. Au nanosphere-based carriers exhibit the poorest performance in gene transfection. In addition, Au nanorods with smaller aspect ratios perform better than longer ones. These results may provide new avenues to develop promising gene carriers and gain useful information on the interaction of Au NPs with biological systems. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015. Source

Song H.-Q.,Beijing University of Chemical Technology | Li R.-Q.,Beijing University of Chemical Technology | Duan S.,Beijing University of Chemical Technology | Yu B.,Beijing University of Chemical Technology | And 3 more authors.
Nanoscale | Year: 2015

Polypeptide-based degradable polyplexes attracted considerable attention in drug delivery systems. Polysaccharides including cyclodextrin (CD), dextran, and chitosan (CS) were readily grafted with cationic poly(aspartic acid)s (PAsps). To further enhance the transfection performances of PAsp-based polyplexes, herein, different types of ligand (folic acid, FA)-functionalized degradable polyplexes were proposed based on the PAsp-grafted chitosan-cyclodextrin conjugate (CCPE), where multiple β-CDs were tied on a CS chain. The FA-functionalized CCPE (i.e., CCPE-FA) was obtained via a host-guest interaction between the CD units of CCPE and the adamantane (Ad) species of Ad-modified FA (Ad-FA). The resulting CCPE/pDNA, CCPE-FA/pDNA, and ternary CCPE-FA/CCPE/pDNA (prepared by layer-by-layer assembly) polyplexes were investigated in detail using different cell lines. The CCPE-based polyplexes displayed much higher transfection efficiencies than the CS-based polyplexes reported earlier by us. The ternary polyplexes of CCPE-FA/CCPE/pDNA produced excellent gene transfection abilities in the folate receptor (FR)-positive tumor cells. This work would provide a promising means to produce highly efficient polyplexes for future gene therapy applications. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source

Nie J.-J.,Beijing University of Chemical Technology | Dou X.-B.,Beijing University of Chemical Technology | Hu H.,Beijing University of Chemical Technology | Yu B.,Beijing University of Chemical Technology | And 3 more authors.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces | Year: 2015

Due to its good properties such as low cytotoxicity, degradability, and biocompatibility, poly(aspartic acid) (PAsp) is a good candidate for the development of new drug delivery systems. In this work, a series of new PAsp-based degradable supramolecular assemblies were prepared for effective gene therapy via the host-guest interactions between the cyclodextrin (CD)-cored PAsp-based polycations and the pendant benzene group-containing PAsp backbones. Such supramolecular assemblies exhibited good degradability, enhanced pDNA condensation ability, and low cytotoxicity. More importantly, the gene transfection efficiencies of supramolecular assemblies were much higher than those of CD-cored PAsp-based counterparts at various N/P ratios. In addition, the effective antitumor ability of assemblies was demonstrated with a suicide gene therapy system. The present study would provide a new means to produce degradable supramolecular drug delivery systems. © 2014 American Chemical Society. Source

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