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Li P.-G.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Mu T.-H.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Mu T.-H.,Capital Medical University | Deng L.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Deng L.,Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2013

AIM: To investigate the effects of proteins purified from sweet potato storage roots on human colorectal cancer cell lines. METHODS: 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, Hoechst 33258 nuclear staining and Boyden transwell chamber methods were used to determine whether purified sweet potato protein (SPP) from fresh sweet potato roots affected proliferation, migration and invasion, respectively, of human colorectal cancer SW480 cells in vitro. The inhibitory effects of SPP on growth of human colorectal cancer HCT-8 cells intraperitoneally xenografted in nude mice and spontaneous lung metastasis of murine Lewis lung carcinoma 3LL cells subcutaneously transplanted in C57 BL/6 mice were also investigated in vivo. RESULTS: SPP inhibited the proliferation of SW480 cells in a dose-dependent manner, with an IC50 value of 38.732 μmol/L (r2 = 0.980, P = 0.003) in the MTT assay. Hoechst 33258 nuclear staining further revealed inhibition of cell viability and induction of apoptosis by SPP. The transwell assay disclosed significant reduction in migrated cells/field by 8 μmol/L SPP (8.4 ± 2.6 vs 23.3 ± 5.4, P = 0.031) and invaded cells/field through the ECMatrix by 0.8 μmol/L SPP, compared with the control (25.2 ± 5.2 vs 34.8 ± 6.1, P = 0.038). Both intraperitoneal (ip) and intragastric (ig) administration of SPP led to significant suppression of growth of intraperitoneally inoculated HCT-8 cells in nude mice to 58.0% ± 5.9% (P = 0.037) and 43.5% ± 7.1% (P = 0.004) of the controls, respectively, after 9 d treatment. Bloody ascites additionally disappeared after ip injection of trypsin inhibitor. Notably, ig and ip administration of SPP induced a significant decrease in spontaneous pulmonary metastatic nodule formation in C57 BL/6 mice (21.0 ± 12.3 and 27.3 ± 12.7 nodules/lung vs 42.5 ± 4.5 nodules/lung in controls, respectively, P < 0.05) after 25 d treatment. Moreover, the average weight of primary tumor nodules in the hind leg of mice decreased from 8.2 ± 1.3 g/mice in the control to 6.1 ± 1.4 g/mice in the ip group (P = 0.035). CONCLUSION: SPP exerts significant antiproliferative and antimetastatic effects on human colorectal cancer cell lines, both in vitro and in vivo. © 2013 Baishideng. All rights reserved. Source

Wang N.,Capital Medical University | Wang N.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Respiratory and Pulmonary Circulation Disorders | Hu X.,Capital Medical University | Liu C.,Capital Medical University | And 7 more authors.
Canadian Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2014

Background: The diagnostic accuracy of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) for pulmonary hypertension (PH) compared with right heart catheterization were assessed. The purpose of this systematic review was to comprehensively evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of CMR in evaluating PH. Methods: Published literature was obtained from PUBMED, Web of Knowledge, Cochrane library, Embase, Biosis Preview, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Chongqing VIP databases, and all studies were inclusive until December 2012. Studies relevant to PH and its imaging in CMR and right heart catheterization were included if correlation coefficient was elucidated clearly. Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 (QUADAS-2) score was used to assess the quality of studies. Sensitivity and specificity were pooled separately and compared with overall accuracy measures: diagnostic odds ratio and symmetric summary receiver operating characteristic. Results: Sixteen studies were included in the systematic review. Of all the studies, the most widely used index was ventricular mass index (VMI) of CMR. We performed a meta-analysis for VMI among 429 patients in 5 individual studies, which showed a modest diagnostic accuracy of VMI for PH with a summary sensitivity and specificity of 84% (95% confidence interval, 79%-87%) and 82% (95% confidence interval, 73%-89%), respectively. In addition, the summary positive likelihood ratio was 4.894, indicating that VMI of CMR allows a modest ability to distinguish PH patients from healthy subjects with a cutoff point of 0.45 using functional and structural measures. Conclusions: This systematic review and meta-analysis indicates that VMI seems to have a moderate sensitivity and specificity for detection of PH. The application values of other parameters still need further investigation. © 2014 Canadian Cardiovascular Society. Source

Yang Y.,Capital Medical University | Liang L.,Capital Medical University | Zhai Z.,Capital Medical University | He H.,Capital Medical University | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

Background: There has not been sufficient evidence to support the Asians being less susceptible to pulmonary embolism (PE) than other ethnicities, because the prevalence of PE/deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in different racial and ethnic groups has not been carefully studied until recently except in Caucasians. To test the hypothesis that the Chinese population has a lower risk for PE, this study comprehensively assessed the hospital-based incidence and case fatality rates for PE during the 1997-2008 in China. Methods: A registration study of patients with suspected PE syndromes admitted to 60 level-3 hospitals involved in the National Cooperative Project for the Prevention and Treatment of Venous Thromboembolism (NCPPT) was conducted from January 1997 to December 2008. The only exclusion criterion was an age of less than 18 years. Helical computed tomography scan, ventilation-perfusion lung scintigraphy or pulmonary angiography was carried out before or after hospitalization. All images were reviewed and evaluated independently by two specialists. Results: A total of 18,206 patients were confirmed with PE from 16,972,182 hospital admissions. The annual incidence was 0.1% (95% CI: 0.1% to 0.2%). The overall incidence of PE in male patients (0.2%, 95% CI: 0.1% to 0.3%) was higher than that in female patients (0.1% and 95% CI: 0.0% to 0.1%). An increasing incidence gradient for PE was noticed from Southern to Northern China. In addition, the case fatality rate was apparently decreasing: 25.1% (95% CI: 16.2% to 36.9%) in 1997 to 8.7% (95% CI: 3.5% to 15.8%) in 2008. Conclusions: Our findings suggest the relatively stable PE incidence and decreasing fatality trends in Chinese hospitals may be partially attributable to the implementation of the NCCPT and suggest the government should reevaluate the severity of PE so that health resources for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of PE could be used to their fullest. © 2011 Yang et al. Source

Wang A.,Capital Medical University | Wang A.,Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology | Liu X.,Hebei United University | Guo X.,Capital Medical University | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Hypertension | Year: 2014

Resting heart rate (RHR) is a predictive risk factor of the development of cardiovascular diseases, but its association with arterial hypertension has remained unclear. This study investigated the relationship between RHR and new-onset hypertension (NOH) in an Asian population. METHODS:: The Kailuan study is a prospective longitudinal cohort study on cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events. Hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using Cox regression modelling. RESULTS:: Out of 101 510 individuals originally included into the Kailuan study, 31 507 participants (mean age: 46.3 ± 11.5 years) were selected with no previous arterial hypertension or cardiac arrhythmias. After a mean follow-up period of 3.5 ± 0.9 years, 12 565 (39.88%) individuals developed arterial hypertension. Incidence of hypertension was 104.4, 109.7, 114.2 and 124.6 per 1000 person-years for each RHR quartile. In multivariate analysis with adjustment for blood pressure, blood lipids, diabetes mellitus and other parameters, hazard ratios for NOH increased significantly (P < 0.0001) with increasing RHR quartile. Increase in RHR by 10 beats/minute was associated with an 8% increase in NOH. Individuals in the highest RHR quartile as compared with participants in the lowest quartile demonstrated a 16% greater risk of developing NOH [hazard ratio 1.16; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.11-1.23]. There were no significant interactions between RHR and prehypertension, diabetes mellitus, age and BMI in terms of NOH risk, respectively. CONCLUSION:: Independently of other baseline parameters such as blood pressure, blood lipids and diabetes mellitus, elevated RHR significantly increases the risk of incident hypertension. Measuring RHR is helpful in predicting the risk of eventual arterial hypertension. Source

Lu J.,Capital Medical University | Lu J.,Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology | Guo Q.,Capital Medical University | Guo Q.,Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology | And 5 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2012

We aimed to evaluate the contribution of the G-protein β3 subunit C825T (GNB3-C825T) polymorphism to essential hypertension (EH) in Han Chinese population by performing meta-analysis. A meta-analysis was performed in 12 case-control genetic association studies including 3,020 hypertension patients and 2,790 controls from MEDLINE (PubMed) and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure platforms. The STATA 10.0 software was used in analysis. Overall, there was no significant association between the GNB3-C825T polymorphism and EH in neither additive [TT vs. CC: OR (95 % CI) = 1.11 (0.74-1.69), P = 0.61; TC vs. CC: OR (95 % CI) = 1.08 (0.89-1.31), P = 0.42], nor dominant [TT + TC vs. CC: OR (95 % CI) = 1.11 (0.86-1.42), P = 0.43] and nor recessive [TT vs. TC + CC: OR (95 % CI) = 1.04 (0.75-1.44), P = 0.81] genetic models. Although further subgroup analysis found statistically significant results [T vs. C: OR (95 % CI) = 1.50 (1.05-2.15), P = 0.03] in the southern population, but after exclusion one particular study, the significant association was disappeared. No significant result was found in the northern Han Chinese population. There was no significant association identified between GNB3-C825T polymorphism and EH in Han Chinese population. Further larger sample and well-designed studies are needed to assess the genetic association particularly in the southern Han Chinese population. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

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