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Wu K.,Xiamen University | Yang Y.,Beijing Medical Implant Engineering Research Center | Yang Y.,Xiamen University | Zhang Y.,Beijing Medical Implant Engineering Research Center | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Nanomedicine | Year: 2015

Catheter-related bloodstream infections are a significant problem in the clinic and may result in a serious infection. Here, we developed a facile and green procedure for buildup of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on the central venous catheters (CVCs) surface. Inspired by mussel adhesive proteins, dopamine was used to form a thin polydopamine layer and induce AgNPs formation without additional reductants or stabilizers. The chemical and physicochemical properties of AgNPs coated CVCs were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and water contact angle. The Staphylococcus aureus culture experiment was used to study the antibacterial properties. The cytocompatibility was assessed by water soluble tetrazolium salts (WST-1) assay, fluorescence staining, and scanning electron microscopy analysis. The results indicated that the CVCs surface was successfully coated with compact AgNPs. AgNPs were significantly well separated and spherical with a size of 30–50 nm. The density of AgNPs could be modulated by the concentration of silver nitrate solution. The antibacterial activity was dependent on the AgNPs dose. The high dose of AgNPs showed excellent antibacterial activity while associated with increased cytotoxicity. The appropriate density of AgNPs coated CVCs could exhibit improved biocompatibility and maintained evident sterilization effect. It is promising to design mussel-inspired silver releasing CVCs with both significant antimicrobial efficacy and appropriate biological safety. © 2015 Wu et al.

Liang J.,Xiamen University | Liang J.,Beijing Medical Implant Engineering Research Center | Song R.,Xiamen University | Huang Q.,Xiamen University | And 9 more authors.
Electrochimica Acta | Year: 2015

Abstract Biomimetic surface design of medical implants is vitally crucial to improve cellular responses and the integration of tissue onto materials. In this study, a novel hierarchical cell-sized microhole array combined with a nano-network structure was fabricated on a medical titanium surface to mimic multi-level bone structure. A three-step procedure was developed as follows: 1) electrochemical self-organization of etching on titanium substrate to create highly ordered cell-sized microhole arrays, 2) suitable dual acid etching to increase the roughness of the microholes, and then 3) electrochemical anodization in a NaOH electrolyte to construct a nano-network porous titania layer on the above micro-roughened surface. The bio-inspired micro/nano-textured structure presented the enhanced wettability and superhydrophilicity. The ability of in vitro biomineralization and corrosion resistance of the bio-inspired micro/nano-textured structure were enhanced after annealing treatment. More importantly, the bio-inspired micro/nano-textured structure on the titanium surface possessed a favourable interfacial environment to enhance attachment and proliferation of human osteoblast-like MG63 cells. All of the results demonstrated that such a bio-inspired surface of micro/nano-textured porous TiO2 is a most promising candidate for the next generation of titanium implants. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Song R.,Xiamen University | Liang J.,Xiamen University | Lin L.,Xiamen University | Zhang Y.,Beijing Medical Implant Engineering Research Center | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Materials Chemistry B | Year: 2016

Base on a superhydrophobic-superhydrophilic micro-patterned template, a facile construction of gradient micro-patterned octacalcium phosphate (OCP) coatings on titanium has been firstly developed for high-throughput evaluation of biocompatibility. The gradient OCP coatings with tunable crystal morphologies involving scattered-flower-like, scattered-flower-ribbon-like, short-ribbon-like and long-ribbon-like were fabricated in different micro-units on the same surface. The significant difference of mineralization behavior of the gradient OCP coatings in the micro-patterns was observed visually and efficiently. In vitro cultures of MC3T3-E1 cells showed that the number and morphology of cells selectively adhered on the micro-units of gradient structure of OCP coatings were distinctly different, indicating that the cells are sensitive to the different structures of OCP coatings on medical titanium. The gradient micro-patterned construction is potentially a powerful method for not only high-throughput screening of the biocompatibility of various biomaterials, but also efficient development of advanced biomaterials by controlling cell immobilization and inducing cell response. © 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

PubMed | Pennsylvania State University, Beijing Medical Implant Engineering Research Center and Xiamen University
Type: | Journal: Acta biomaterialia | Year: 2017

Blood compatibility of TiOTo realize optimal design and construction of biomaterials with desired properties for blood contact materials, a comprehensive understanding of structure-property relationships is required. In the existing literature, TiO

Zheng Y.-F.,Capital Medical University | Zhou J.-L.,Capital Medical University | Wang X.-H.,Beijing Medical Implant Engineering Research Center | Wang X.-H.,Beijing Engineering Laboratory of Functional Medical Materials and Devices | And 3 more authors.
Chinese Medical Journal | Year: 2016

Background: Open reduction and internal fixation with plate and screws are the gold standard for the surgical treatment of humeral shaft fractures, this study was to compare the mechanical properties of anteromedial, anterolateral, and posterior plating for humeral shaft fractures. Methods: A distal third humeral shaft fracture model was constructed using fourth-generation sawbones (#3404, composite bone). A total of 24 sawbones with a distal third humeral shaft fracture was randomly divided into three Groups: A, B, and C (n = 8 in each group) for anteromedial, anterolateral, and posterior plating, respectively. All sawbones were subjected to horizontal torsional fatigue tests, horizontal torsional and axial compressive fatigue tests, four-point bending fatigue tests in anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML) directions and horizontal torsional destructive tests. Results: In the horizontal torsional fatigue tests, the mean torsional angle amplitude in Groups A, B, and C were 6.12°, 6.53°, and 6.81°. In horizontal torsional and axial compressive fatigue tests, the mean torsional angle amplitude in Groups A, B, and C were 5.66°, 5.67°, and 6.36°. The mean plate displacement amplitude was 0.05 mm, 0.08 mm, and 0.10 mm. Group A was smaller than Group C (P < 0.05). In AP four-point bending fatigue tests, the mean plate displacement amplitude was 0.16 mm, 0.13 mm, and 0.20 mm. Group B was smaller than Group C (P < 0.05). In ML four-point bending fatigue tests, the mean plate displacement amplitude were 0.16 mm, 0.19 mm, and 0.17 mm. In horizontal torsional destructive tests, the mean torsional rigidity in Groups A, B, and C was 0.82, 0.75, and 0.76 N·m/deg. The yielding torsional angle was 24.50°, 25.70°, and 23.86°. The mean yielding torque was 18.46, 18.05, and 16.83 N·m, respectively. Conclusions: Anteromedial plating was superior to anterolateral or posterior plating in all mechanical tests except in AP four-point bending fatigue tests compared to the anterolateral plating group. We can suggest that anteromedial plating is a clinically safe and effective way for humeral shaft fractures. © 2016 Chinese Medical Journal.

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