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Su S.,Capital Medical University | Wang Y.,Peking Union Medical College | Bai L.,Capital Medical University | Xia B.,Capital Medical University | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis | Year: 2015

Isobavachalcone (IBC) is a prenylated chalcone and belongs to the class of flavonoids, which is an active component isolated from Psoralea corylifolia L. IBC showed a range of significant pharmacological activities, including antibacterial, anticancer, anti-reverse transcriptase and antioxidant actions. In this research, the mass spectral fragmentation pattern of IBC was investigated to predict the in vivo metabolites, and five phase I metabolites and ten phase II metabolites of IBC in rat bile were elucidated and identified after oral administration using novel LC-ESI-MSn and LC-NMR method. The molecular structures of these metabolites were proposed on the basis of the characteristics of their precursor ions, product ions, MS/MS fragment behaviors and chromatographic retention time. The phase I metabolites were mainly biotransformed via the hydroxylation, reduction, cyclization and oxidative cleavage reactions. The phase II metabolites were mainly identified as the glucuronide conjugates and sulfated conjugates. All these findings were reported for the first time and would contribute to a further understanding of the in vivo intermediate processes and metabolic mechanism of isobavachalcone and its analogs. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Zheng W.,Beijing Information Science and Technology University | Zhu L.,Beijing Information Science and Technology University | Zhu L.,Beijing Key Laboratory for Optoelectronics Measurement Technology | Zhu L.,Beijing Laboratory for Biomedical Detection Technology and Instrument | And 2 more authors.
Zhongguo Jiguang/Chinese Journal of Lasers | Year: 2016

The electrode pulsed arc discharge excitation experiments on fiber Bragg grating (FBG) inscribed by ultraviolet exposure are reported. The effect of discharging at different grating positions on the spectral characteristics of fiber grating is studied especially. Experimental results show that the reflectivity of fiber grating is decreased,the grating spectrum is broadened and shows a red shift during electrode discharge excitation. The spectral changes induced by discharge are reversible. The spectral characteristics of fiber grating are analyzed in a non-uniform temperature field formed by electrode discharge with the transfer matrix method, and the theoretical results are in good agreement with the experimental results. Specifically, when the electrode discharges in the center of fiber grating, the decline amplitude of grating reflectivity reaches to maximum and the optical reflection spectrum is 12 dB less than initial spectrum, which shows switching characteristic. © 2016, Chinese Lasers Press. All right reserved.


Guo S.,Capital Medical University | Lu S.,Capital Medical University | Lu S.,China Rehabilitation Research Center | Xu P.,Capital Medical University | And 8 more authors.
Dalton Transactions | Year: 2016

Herein, we report a biomimetic method to synthesize needle-like calcium phosphate (CaP) with dimensions of ∼130 nm length and ∼30 nm width using carbon dots (CDs) and sodium carboxymethylcellulose as dual templates. In addition to acting as the template, the CDs enable the CaP/CDs hybrid composites to emit blue fluorescence under UV excitation. Moreover, the prepared CaP/CDs exhibited a negligible cytotoxicity towards HeLa cells. The potential of these CaP/CDs as a fluorescent probe for cell labeling was tested. In addition, it was demonstrated that the CaP/CDs were capable of selective detection of copper ions in drinking water. © 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


Xu W.,Capital Medical University | Zhao Y.,Capital Medical University | Qin Y.,Capital Medical University | Ge B.,Capital Medical University | And 9 more authors.
Molecules | Year: 2016

There is evidence suggesting that herbal extracts demonstrate greater bioactivities than their isolated constituents at an equivalent dose. This phenomenon could be attributed to the absence of interacting substances present in the extracts. By measuring the pharmacokinetic parameters of paeoniflorin (PF) and albiflorin (AF) after being orally administered to rats in isolated form, in combination with each other and within total peony glucosides (TPG), respectively, the current study aimed to identify positive pharmacokinetic interactions between components of peony radix extracts. Moreover, the pharmacokinetic profiles of PF and AF under normoxia and hypoxia were also investigated and compared. In order to achieve these goals, a highly sensitive and reproducible ultra-peformance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) method was developed and validated for simultaneously quantitation of PF and AF in rat plasma. This study found that compared with that of single component (PF/AF), the exposure of PF in rat plasma after combination administration or TPG administration was significantly increased, meanwhile the elimination of PF/AF was remarkably reduced. It was also noticed that AUC and Cmax of PF in hypoxia rats were significantly decreased compared with that of normaxia rats, suggesting that there was a decreased exposure of PF in rats under hypoxia. The current study, for the first time, revealed the pharmacokinetic interactions between PF/AF and other constitutes in TGP and the pharmacokinetic profiles of PF and AF under hypoxia. In view of the current findings, it could be supposed that the clinical performance of total peony glucosides would be better than that of single constitute (PF/AF). The outcomes of this animal study are expected to serve as a basis for development of clinical guidelines on total peony glucosides usage. © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


Xia B.,Beijing Laboratory for Biomedical Detection Technology and Instrument | Bai L.,Beijing Laboratory for Biomedical Detection Technology and Instrument | Li X.,Beijing Laboratory for Biomedical Detection Technology and Instrument | Xiong J.,Beijing Laboratory for Biomedical Detection Technology and Instrument | And 2 more authors.
Molecules | Year: 2015

Although zebrafish has become a significant animal model for drug discovery and screening, drug metabolism in zebrafish remains largely unknown. Asiatic acid (AA) and madecassic acid (MA), two natural pentacyclic triterpenoids mainly obtained from Centella asiatica (L.) Urban, have been found to possess many pharmacological effects. This study is to probe the metabolic capability of zebrafish via investigation of the drug metabolism of AA and MA in zebrafish, using a sensitive LC/IT-MSn method. In addition, the main fragmentation pathways of AA and MA were reported for the first time. Nineteen metabolites of AA and MA were firstly identified after zebrafish was exposed to the drug, which all were the phase I metabolites and mainly formed from hydroxylation, dehydrogenation, hydroxylation and dehydrogenation, dihydroxylation and dehydrogenation, and dehydroxylation reaction. The results indicated that zebrafish possessed strong metabolic capacity, and the metabolites of AA and MA were formed via similar metabolic pathways and well matched with the known metabolic rules in vivo and in vitro, which supports the widely use of this system in drug metabolism research. This investigation would also contribute to the novel information on the structural elucidation, in vivo metabolites and metabolic mechanism of pentacyclic triterpenoids. © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI.


Yao J.-F.,Capital Medical University | Zhou N.,Beijing Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology | Bai L.,Capital Medical University | Bai L.,Beijing Laboratory for Biomedical Detection Technology and Instrument | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences | Year: 2014

Long acting luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) antagonists designed to be protease-resistant were a series of novel decapeptides structurally similar to LHRH. In the present work, a high-throughput method based on a LC-MS/MS has been developed for the simultaneous determination of pharmacokinetics of five LHRH antagonists in rat via cassette dosing. The method was performed under selected reaction monitoring (SRM) in positive ion mode. The analytes were extracted from rat plasma by liquid-liquid extraction with acetonitrile. Chromatographic separation of the analytes was successfully achieved on a Hypersil Gold (100. mm. ×. 2.1. mm, 3. μm) using a mobile phase composed of acetonitrile-water (30:70) containing 0.05% (v/v) formic acid. The result showed good linearity and selectivity were obtained for all antagonists. The limits of quantification of the five LHRH antagonists were from 5 to 10. ng/mL. The average extract recoveries in the rat plasma were all over 72%. The intra-day and inter-day precisions (R.S.D. %) were all within 10% and the accuracy was ranged from 92.54 to 109.05%. This method has been successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic studies of the five LHRH antagonists. The results indicated that the plasma drug concentrations versus time curves after intravenous injection of five antagonists via cassette dosing were all fitted to a two-compartment model. The pharmacokinetic parameters of five LHRH antagonists suggested that LY616 could be the more stable candidate drugs and optimized as the candidate drug for further study. Our studies enabled high-throughput rapid screening for pharmacokinetic assessment of new peptide candidates, and provided abundant information on the metabolic properties of these LHRH antagonists. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Guan W.,Capital Medical University | Gu W.,Capital Medical University | Ye L.,Capital Medical University | Guo C.,Capital Medical University | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Nanomedicine | Year: 2014

A green, one-step microwave-assisted polyol synthesis was employed to prepare blue luminescent carbon nitride dots (CNDs) using folic acid molecules as both carbon and nitrogen sources. The as-prepared CNDs had an average size of around 4.51 nm and could be well dispersed in water. Under excitation at 360 nm, the CNDs exhibited a strong blue luminescence and the quantum yield was estimated to be 18.9%, which is greater than that of other reported CNDs. Moreover, the CNDs showed low cytotoxicity and could efficiently label C6 glioma cells, demonstrating their potential in cell imaging. © 2014 Guan et al.


Cui C.,Capital Medical University | Zhou T.,Capital Medical University | Li J.,Capital Medical University | Wang H.,Capital Medical University | And 8 more authors.
Chemico-Biological Interactions | Year: 2015

Abstract Hypoxic preconditioning (HPC) is known to have a protective effect against hypoxic damage; however, the precise mechanisms involved remain unknown. In this study, an acute and repetitive hypoxia mouse model, two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS), and Western blot experiments were used to identify the differential expression of key proteins in the mouse brain during HPC. Approximately 2100 2D-DIGE spots were observed following gel imaging and spot detection. Significant differences (p < 0.05) in the expression of 66 proteins were observed between the 3× HPC treatment group and the control group, 45 proteins were observed between the 6× HPC treatment group and the control group, and 70 proteins were observed between the 3× HPC treatment group and the 6× HPC group. Consistent results among Western blot, 2D-DIGE and MS methods were observed for the proteins, ATP synthase subunit alpha, malate dehydrogenase, guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunit beta-1 and proteasome subunit alpha type-2. The proteins associated with ATP synthesis and the citric acid cycle were down-regulated, while those linked to glycolysis and oxygen-binding were up-regulated. This proteomic analysis of the mouse brain after HPC furthers understanding of the molecular pathways involved in the protective effect of HPC and these findings provide new insight into the mechanisms of hypoxia and HPC. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


PubMed | Capital Medical University, University of Science and Technology Beijing and Beijing Laboratory for Biomedical Detection Technology and Instrument
Type: | Journal: International journal of nanomedicine | Year: 2016

Nitrogen-doped carbon dots (N-CDs) were synthesized using a one-pot hydrothermal treatment with citric acid in the presence of polyethylenimine. Transmission electron microscopy analysis revealed that the N-CDs were monodispersed and quasi-spherical with an average size of ~2.6 nm. Under ultraviolet irradiation the N-CDs emitted a strong blue luminescence with a quantum yield as high as 51%. Moreover, the N-CDs exhibited a negligible cytotoxicity and could be applied as efficient nanoprobes for real-time imaging of live cells. In addition, the ability of the N-CDs to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in a concentration-dependent manner was demonstrated using an in vitro BBB model. Therefore, these PEI-passivated N-CDs with real-time live-cell imaging and BBB-penetration capabilities hold promise for traceable drug delivery to the brain.

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