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Zhou G.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Security and Clean Energy Technology | Zhang Y.,Tianjin University | Yang Y.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Security and Clean Energy Technology | Wang X.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Security and Clean Energy Technology
Applied Thermal Engineering | Year: 2010

The present work presents a simple model for matching coiled capillary tubes and the refrigerant charge in a split air conditioner when the other components are fixed. The system model is composed of sub-models for the key components, i.e., a lumped model for the compressor, zone models for the condenser and the evaporator, and a four flow region distributed model for the coiled adiabatic capillary tube in series with the liquid tube. The C-M-N method is employed to calculate the friction factors in the coiled capillary tube. HCFC22 and HC290 are used for the simulations. The comparison of the model prediction with experimental data shows the errors are less than ±5% except for the mass flow rate with a maximum deviation of 8.63%. The results confirm that both the cooling capacity and input power are slightly reduced when HCFC22 is replaced by HC290 with the coiled capillary tube and refrigerant charge matched to the HC290 refrigerant. The results also show that when coil diameter is reduced from 0.3 m to 0.04 m, the capillary tube length is reduced by about 10% for both HCFC22 and HC290. This model can be used to design components for small air conditioning systems using HCFC22 and HC290. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Zhou G.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Security and Clean Energy Technology | Yang Y.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Security and Clean Energy Technology | Wang X.,Tsinghua University | Cheng J.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Security and Clean Energy Technology
Applied Energy | Year: 2010

Thermal characteristics of shape-stabilized phase change material (SSPCM) wallboard with sinusoidal temperature wave on the outer surface were investigated numerically and compared with traditional building materials such as brick, foam concrete and expanded polystyrene (EPS). One-dimensional enthalpy equation under convective boundary conditions was solved using fully implicit finite-difference scheme. The simulation results showed that the SSPCM wallboard presents distinct characteristics from other ordinary building materials. Phase transition keeping time of inner surface and decrement factor were applied to analyze the effects of PCM thermophysical properties (melting temperature, heat of fusion, phase transition zone and thermal conductivity), inner surface convective heat transfer coefficient and thickness of SSPCM wallboard. It was found that melting temperature is one important factor which influences both the phase transition keeping time and the decrement factor; for a certain outside temperature wave, there exist critical values of latent heat of fusion and thickness of SSPCM above which the phase transition keeping time or the decrement factor are scarcely influenced; thermal conductivity of PCM and inner surface convective coefficient have little effect on the phase transition keeping time but significantly influence the decrement factor; and the phase transition zone leads to small fluctuations of the original flat segment of inner surface temperature line. The results aim to be useful for the selection of SSPCMs and their applications in passive solar buildings. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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