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Cao B.,CAS Institute of Microbiology | Huang G.-H.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention | Huang G.-H.,Xinjiang Medical University | Pu Z.-H.,Yantai Yu Huang Ding Hospital | And 16 more authors.
Chest | Year: 2014

Background: Since 2008, severe cases of emerging human adenovirus (HAdV) type 55 (HAdV-55) were reported sporadically in China. But no comparative studies had been conducted to discern the differences in epidemiologic and clinical abnormalities between HAdV-55 and other types (HAdV-7, HAdV-3, HAdV-14, HAdV-50, and HAdV-C). Methods: A multicenter surveillance study for adult and adolescent community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) was conducted prospectively in Beijing and Yan Tai between November 2010 and April 2012. A standardized data form was used to record clinical information. The viral DNA extracted from the clinical samples or adenovirus viral isolates was sequenced. Results: Among 969 cases, 48 (5%) were identified as adenovirus pneumonia. Six branches were clustered: HAdV-55 in 21, HAdV-7 in 11, HAdV-3 in nine, HAdV-14 in four, HAdV-50 in two, and HAdV-C in one. Most HAdV-55 cases were identified during February and March. All the hypervariable regions of the hexon genes of the 21 HAdV-55 strains were completely identical. Patients who had HAdV-55 were about 10 years older (P 5 .027) and had higher pneumonia severity index scores (P 5 .030) compared with those with other types (HAdV-7, HAdV-3, HAdV-14, HAdV-50, and HAdV-C). Systemic BP was also higher among patients in the HAdV-55 group (P 5 .006). Unilateral or bilateral consolidations were the most common radiologic findings in both patients with HAdV-55 and those with other types (57.9% vs 36%). More than one-half of the patients were admitted to hospital; oxygen therapy was given to 29.2% of the 48 patients, and two needed mechanical ventilation. Conclusions: HAdV-55 has established itself as a major pneumonia pathogen in the Chinese population, and further surveillance and monitoring of this agent as a cause of CAP is warranted. © 2014 American College of Chest Physicians. Source

Huang J.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Respiratory and Pulmonary Circulation Disorders
Experimental gerontology | Year: 2013

Aging is an inevitable process associated with immune imbalance, which is characterized by a progressive functional decline in major organs, including lung. However, effects of altered Th1/Th2 commitment on lung senescence are largely unknown. To examine effects of altered Th1/Th2 balance on lung aging, we measured proportions of Th1 and Th2 cells and expression of cytokines, chemokines, collagen deposition and other relevant physiological and pathological parameters in 2- and 20-months-old (mo) CXCR3-deficient (CXCR3(-/-)) C57BL/6J mice compared with wild-type (WT) mice. There was a significant weight-loss observed in 20-mo CXCR3(-/-) mice compared with the same aged WT group. Although lung function and structure changed with age in both groups, central airway resistance (Rn), tissue elastance (H) and damping (G) were significantly lower in 20-mo CXCR3(-/-) mice than those of WT mice. In contrast, the whole lung volume (V(L)), the mean linear intercept length of alveolar (L(m)), and the total lung collagen content were significantly elevated in 20-mo CXCR3(-/-) mice. With aging, the lungs of WT mice had typical Th1-type status (increased population of Th1 cells and concentrations of cytokine IFN-γ and CXCR3 ligands) while CXCR3(-/-) mice showed Th2-type polarization (decreased proportion of Th1 cells and concentrations of CXCR3 ligands but increased level of IL-4). Our data suggest that Immunosenescence is associated with lung aging, and that altered Th1/Th2 imbalance favors Th2 predominance in CXCR3(-/-) mice, which contributes to the process of accelerated lung aging in this model. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Yang S.Q.,Capital Medical University | Qu J.X.,Capital Medical University | Wang C.,Institute of Respiratory Medicine | Wang C.,Capital Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Clinical Respiratory Journal | Year: 2014

Introduction: Comparisons of the characteristics between the influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 and common seasonal influenza are important for both clinical management and epidemiological studies. However, the differences between pandemic and seasonal influenza during the post-pandemic period are poorly understood. Objectives: The aim of our research was to investigate clinical and immune response differences between patients with influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 pneumonia and seasonal influenza A (H3N2) pneumonia in the post-pandemic period. Methods: During the first flu season in post-pandemic period, patients from Beijing Network for Adult Community-Acquired Pneumonia present A (H1N1) pdm09 or A (H3N2) influenza were compared concurrently in the aspects of clinical characteristics and inflammatory profile in acute phase. Result: Patients with A (H1N1) pdm09 influenza pneumonia showed a close mean age to A (H3N2) pneumonia (51±20 vs 53±16, mean±standard deviation, years) but tended to have more underlying diseases (32.8% vs 10%, P=0.036). Although clinical characteristics were similar, no statistical difference were found in pneumonia severity index (PSI) score or intensive care unit admission rate or mortality, patients in A (H1N1) pdm09 cohort present higher levels of aspartate aminotransferase, lactase dehydrogenase (P=0.006, 0.018, respectively) in blood and also longer duration of fever than A (H3N2) cohort. Levels of interleukin (IL)-10 and IL-12 (p70) were higher in A (H1N1) pdm09 cohort (P=0.031, 0.047, respectively). Conclusios: During the first post-pandemic flu season, patients with the A (H1N1) pdm09 pneumonia showed similar clinical characteristics but slightly higher disease severity and stronger systemic inflammatory response than A (H3N2) pneumonia. © 2013 The Authors. The Clinical Respiratory Journal published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Wang C.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Respiratory and Pulmonary Circulation Disorders | Wang C.,Capital Medical University | Xiao F.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Respiratory and Pulmonary Circulation Disorders | Qiao R.,University of Southern California | Shen Y.H.,Baylor College of Medicine
Chest | Year: 2013

The past century witnessed a rapid development of respiratory medicine in China. The major burden of respiratory disease has shifted from infectious diseases to chronic noninfectious diseases. Great achievements have been made in improving the national standard of clinical management of various respiratory diseases and in smoking control. The specialty of respiratory medicine is expanding into pulmonary and critical care medicine. Nevertheless, respiratory diseases remain a major public health problem, with new challenges such as air pollution and nosocomial infections. This review describes the history, accomplishments, new challenges, and opportunities in respiratory medicine in China. © 2013 American College of Chest Physicians. Source

Zhang S.,Capital Medical University | Zhang S.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Respiratory and Pulmonary Circulation Disorders | Zhai Z.,Capital Medical University | Zhai Z.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Respiratory and Pulmonary Circulation Disorders | And 14 more authors.
International Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2016

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) recurrence carries significant mortality and morbidity. Accurate risk assessment and effective treatment for patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is important for VTE recurrence prevention. We examined the association of VTE recurrence with risk stratification and PE treatment. We enrolled 627 patients with a first episode of confirmed PE. Baseline clinical information was collected. PE severity was assessed by the European Society of Cardiology's (ESC) risk stratification, the simplified PE Severity Index (sPESI) and the Qanadli score of clot burden. Patients were followed for 1-5 years. The cumulative recurrent VTE and all-cause death were documented. The association between recurrent VTE and risk factors was analyzed. The cumulative incidences of recurrent VTE were 4.5%, 7.3%, and 13.9% at 1, 2, and 5 years of follow-up, respectively. The VTE recurrence was associated with higher (high- and intermediate-) risk stratification predicted by ESC model (HR 1.838, 95% CI 1.318-2.571, P < 0.001), as well as with unprovoked PE (HR 2.809, 95% CI 1.650-4.781, P b 0.001) and varicose veins (HR 4.747, 95% CI 2.634-8.557, P < 0.001). The recurrence was negatively associated with longer (≥ 6 months) anticoagulation (HR 0.473, 95% CI 0.285-0.787, P = 0.004), especially in patients with higher risk (HR 0.394, 95% CI 0.211-0.736, P = 0.003) and unprovoked PE (HR 0.248, 95% CI 0.122-0.504, P < 0.001). ESC high-risk and intermediate-risk PE, unprovoked PE and varicose veins increase recurrence risk. Longer anticoagulation treatment reduces recurrence, especially in higher risk and unprovoked PE patients. © 2014, Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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