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Li L.,Capital Medical University | Cai L.,Third Peoples Hospital of Chengdu | Lau W.B.,Thomas Jefferson University | Ma X.-L.,Thomas Jefferson University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Hypertension | Year: 2015

Background: Preeclamptic women and their infants have significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Abnormal aldosterone signaling is involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia, and the presence of agonistic autoantibodies against the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1-AA) during disease has been observed. The role of AT1-AA in aldosterone generation with or without disease and the long-term impact of AT1-AA circulation in blood remain unclear. Method: We therefore assessed circulating AT1-AA and aldosterone levels in 76 patients with preeclampsia (35 severe and 41 mild), 26 patients with gestational hypertension, and 50 normotensive healthy pregnant women. Results: First, the correlation of AT1-AA levels was confirmed for preeclamptic patients. We report here that all AT1-AA-positive hypertensive pregnant women exhibited decreased aldosterone levels, and early-onset preeclampsia patients with high proteinuria showed an inverse correlation of aldosterone levels with AT1-AA. To study this effect in more detail, we confirmed that AT1-AA decreased aldosterone levels in pregnant rats and then demonstrated that aldosterone levels decreased in response to the chronic administration of AT1-AA into nonpregnant rats. Conclusion: These results suggested that AT1-AA regulates levels of aldosterone, which was tested with cell culture studies, revealing that activation of AT1 receptors by AT1-AA directly led to abnormal aldosterone generation in a time and dose-dependent manner. We present here a mechanism for regulation of aldosterone production: AT1-AA activates AT1 receptors on adrenocortical cells independent of pregnancy, in a time and dose-dependent manner. Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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