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Liu X.,China West Normal University | Liu X.,Key Laboratory of Southwest China Wildlife Resources Conservation Ministry of Education | He S.,Nanchong Institute of Agricultural science | Zheng Z.,Nanchong Institute of Agricultural science | And 2 more authors.
African Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2010

Grain rate (GR) is a very important trait in maize (Zea mays L.) breeding program related to yield. To realize its genetic basis, a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population and different nitrogen (N) regimes were used to map the quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for GR in maize. As a result, two QTLs were identified under high N regime and could explain a total of 14.84% of phenotypic variance. Due to additive effect, the QTL on chromosome 6 could decrease 0.029 of GR, while the QTL on chromosome 9 could increase 0.0203 of GR. Under low N regime, one QTL was mapped on chromosome 6 and could account for 9.52% of phenotypic variance, and owning to additive effect, the QTL could make GR decrease by 0.0234. The result in comparison with previous studies showed that the three QTLs in this present study were new quantitative loci associated with GR in maize. These results were beneficial for understanding the genetic basis of GR in maize. © 2010 Academic Journals. Source


Liu X.H.,China West Normal University | He S.L.,Nanchong Institute of Agricultural science | Zheng Z.P.,Nanchong Institute of Agricultural science | Tan Z.B.,Beijing IPE Bio technology Co. | And 2 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2011

Kernel number per ear (KNE) is one of the most important yield-related agronomic traits in maize (Zea mays). To clarify its genetic basis, we made a quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis of KNE in a recombinant inbred line population derived from lines Mo17 and Huangzao4, under two nitrogen (N) regimes. Seven QTLs, on chromosomes 4, 6 and 9, were mapped under the high N regime, which explained phenotypic variation ranging from 5.03 to 15.49%. Under the low N regime, three QTLs were located on chromosomes 6 and 9, which accounted for phenotypic variation ranging from 8.54 to 12.21%. These QTLs had different mapping intervals to their nearest markers, ranging from 0 to 16.5 cM. According to the chromosome positions and genetic effects of these QTLs, only seven QTLs for KNE were identified in our experiment, out of which three were found under both N regimes, on chromosomes 6 (one) and 9 (two); the other four were mapped only under the high N regime, on chromosomes 4 (three) and 6 (one). This information could be useful for developing marker-assisted selection in maize-breeding projects. © FUNPEC-RP www.funpecrp.com.br. Source


Liu X.-H.,China West Normal University | Zheng Z.-P.,Nanchong Institute of Agricultural science | Tan Z.-B.,Beijing IPE Bio technology Co. | Li Z.,Nanchong Institute of Agricultural science | He C.,Nanchong Institute of Agricultural science
African Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2010

100-kernel weight (KW) is one of the most important agronomic traits in maize (Zea mays L.), related to yield. To realize its genetic basis, in this study, a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population derived from the cross between Mo17 and Huangzao4 was used for quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping for KW under high and low nitrogen (N) regimes. As a result, five QTLs were identified on chromosomes 3, 4, 7 and 9, of which three were detected under both N environments, while the other two QTLs were respectively detected under high and low N regimes. These QTLs could explain phenotypic variance from 4.47 to 14.47%. Due to additive effects, the three QTLs from Mo17, including two on chromosome 3 and one on chromosome 4, could increase KW from 0.64 to 1.01 g, while the other two from Huangzao4 on chromosomes 7 and 9 could decrease KW from 0.62 to 1.07 g. These results are beneficial for understanding the genetic basis of KW and developing the markers linked with KW for marker-assisted selection breeding in maize. © 2010 Academic Journals. Source


Liu X.,China West Normal University | Zhang Y.,China West Normal University | Zheng Z.,Nanchong Agricultural Research Institute | Li Z.,Nanchong Agricultural Research Institute | And 5 more authors.
2010 4th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, iCBBE 2010 | Year: 2010

Nitrogen (N) deficiency affects severely many metabolic pathways and physiological progresses during maize (Zea mays L.) growing stage, and change of days to pollen shed (DPS) is one of the most serious consequences. To realize the generic basis of DPS, a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population from the cross between Mol7 and Huangzao4 was used to identify the quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling DPS under two N regimes. As a result, 2 QTLs were detected, of which the QTL identified under both N regimes was quite near to the marker Nc134, with 0 centiMorgan (cM) of mapping distance between them, it could account for 15.36% and 10.39% of phenotypic variance under high and low N regimes respectively, and could make maize flower with ahead of time about 1 d duo to its additive effect. The other QTL, identified only under low N regime, was close to marker Bnlg1129 with 8.6 cM of maping distance between them, could explain 12.39% of phenotypic variance and increase DPS for 0.8 d owing to its additive effect. These results are beneficial for understanding the genetic basis of DPS in maize. © 2010 IEEE. Source


Liu X.-H.,China West Normal University | He S.-L.,Nanchong Institute of Agricultural science | Zheng Z.-P.,Nanchong Institute of Agricultural science | Huang Y.-B.,Sichuan Agricultural University | And 5 more authors.
African Journal of Agricultural Research | Year: 2010

Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping can provide useful information for breeding programs, since it allows the estimation of genomic locations and genetic effects of chromosomal regions related to the expression of quantitative traits. To realize the genetic basis of grain yield of maize (Zea mays L.), a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population and two nitrogen (N) regimes were used to detect the QTLs for grain yield in maize, as a result, a total of six QTLs associated with grain yield per year (GYPE) were identified on chromosomes 1 (one), 6 (one), 8 (two) and 9 (two), with 0 - 12.0 cm of mapping interval between QTLs and their nearest markers. The three QTLs identified under high N regime could explain 18.07% of phenotypic variance, and could increase GYPE from 3.91 - 5.40 g, due to positive additive effects. Whereas, the three QTLs located under low N regime could account for 20.96% of phenotypic variance, and due to negative additive effects, they could decrease GYPE from 3.40 to 6.68 g. These results were beneficial for realizing the genetic basis of GYPE and developing marker-assisted selection in maize breeding project. ©2010 Academic Journals. Source

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