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Liu Q.,Beijing Institute of Transfusion Medicine | Liu Q.,Ohio State University | Langdon W.Y.,University of Western Australia | Zhang J.,Ohio State University
Cell Cycle | Year: 2014

Casitas B-lineage lymphoma proto-oncogene-b (Cbl-b), a RING finger E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase, has been demonstrated to play a crucial role in establishing the threshold for T-cell activation and controlling peripheral T-cell tolerance via multiple mechanisms. Accumulating evidence suggests that Cbl-b also regulates innate immune responses and plays an important role in host defense to pathogens. Understanding the signaling pathways regulated by Cbl-b in innate and adaptive immune cells is therefore essential for efficient manipulation of Cbl-b in emerging immunotherapies for human disorders such as autoimmune diseases, allergic inflammation, infections, and cancer. In this article, we review the latest developments in the molecular structural basis of Cbl-b function, the regulation of Cbl-b expression, the signaling mechanisms of Cbl-b in immune cells, as well as the biological function of Cbl-b in physiological and pathological immune responses in animal models and human diseases. © 2014 Landes Bioscience.

Yuan H.,Beckman Research Institute | Yuan H.,Beijing Institute of Transfusion Medicine | Wang Z.,Beckman Research Institute | Li L.,Beckman Research Institute | And 5 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

The tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib is highly effective in the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), but primary and acquired resistance of CML cells to the drug offset its efficacy. Molecular mechanisms for resistance of CML to tyrosine kinase inhibitors are not fully understood. In the present study, we show that BCR-ABL activates the expression of the mammalian stress response gene SIRT1 in hematopoietic progenitor cells and that this involves STAT5 signaling. SIRT1 activation promotes CML cell survival and proliferation associated with deacetylation of multiple SIRT1 substrates, including FOXO1, p53, and Ku70. Imatinib-mediated inhibition of BCR-ABL kinase activity partially reduces SIRT1 expression and SIRT1 inhibition further sensitizes CML cells to imatinib-induced apoptosis. Knockout of SIRT1 suppresses BCR-ABL transformation of mouse BM cells and the development of a CML-like myeloproliferative disease, and treatment of mice with the SIRT1 inhibitor tenovin-6 deters disease progression. The combination of SIRT1 gene knockout and imatinib treatment further extends the survival of CML mice. Our results suggest that SIRT1 is a novel survival pathway activated by BCR-ABL expression in hematopoietic progenitor cells, which promotes oncogenic transformation and leukemogenesis. Our findings suggest further exploration of SIRT1 as a therapeutic target for CML treatment to overcome resistance. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology.

Yang C.,Beijing Institute of Transfusion Medicine
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2010

The study was aimed to investigate the effect of deriving hematopoietic cells from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) by the erythropoietin gene-modified conditioned medium of human mesenchymal cells. The mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) steadily expressing EPO were established by lentiviral system. The expression of exogenous EPO was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. After suspension culture, hESCs developed into embryonic bodies (EBs). Then the EB cells were cultured in conditional medium. The hESCs-derived hematopoietic cells were analyzed by immunofluorescence, CFU assay and RT-PCR. The results indicated that the exogenous EPO successfully expressed in the EPO transfected MSCs (EPO/MSCs). The supernatant from EPO/MSCs increased CD34(+) cell population and the expression of globin, and enhanced colony forming unit incidence. These effects were obviously higher than that of control. It is concluded that the EPO gene-modified conditioned medium of human mesenchymal cells can induce the hESCs to differentiate into hematopoietic cells.

Gao H.W.,Beijing Institute of Transfusion Medicine
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2012

αGal, a xenotransplantations antigen (XTA), can lead to hyper acute reaction (HAR) in xenotransplantation. α-Galactosidase from B. fragilis is a novel galactosidase belong to CAZy GH110 which can clear the terminal αGal from branched and linear oligosaccharides. This study was purposed to investigate the removal effect of a novel α-galactosidase on α-Gal XTA on surface of red blood cells. The αGal XTA from the red blood cells of cattle, pig, dog and rabbit was digested by using recombinant α-galactosidase; the α-Gal antigens on surface of cells was detected by flow cytometry. The results showed that the XTA was disappeared completely or mainly. It is concluded that the novel α-galactosidase is a potential enzyme to remove the XTA on the surface of xenotransplants and can be used to overcome the HAR in xenotransplantation.

Gao H.W.,Beijing Institute of Transfusion Medicine
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2011

This study was aimed to prepare a reconstructed B. Fragilis-derived recombinant α-galactosidase developed for human B to O blood group conversion. Based on the construction of recombinant E. Coli (DE3) which can express α-galactosidase, the inducing time and inducer concentration were optimized for high expression of α-galactosidase. Then, the expression products in supernatant were purified by cation and anion exchange column chromatography. The purified α-galactosidase was used to treat B group red blood cells in phosphate buffer (pH 6.8) for 2 hours to prepare O group red blood cells. The results showed that the optimal inducing conditions for α-galactosidase expression were IPTG 0.1 mmol/L, 37°C and 2 hours. The specific enzyme activity of purified protein increased from 0.42 U/mg to 2.1 U/mg as compared with pre-purification. And, the conditions of B to O blood group conversion were 26°C, pH 6.8 (neutral pH condition) and 2 hours. Moreover, 225 μg of the enzyme could converse 1 ml B red blood cells to O completely. It is concluded that the technology of expression and purification of recombinant α-galactosidase has been established, and the purified protein can converse B red blood cells to O completely, which means that an effective enzyme conversing B red blood cells to O has been obtained.

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