Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Beijing, China

Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Beijing, China
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Zhang H.,Capital Medical University | Zhang H.,Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine | Year: 2017

The primary pathological change in postmenopausal osteoporosis (PM-OP) is bone collagen loss caused by estrogen depletion. Osteoblasts synthesize type I collagen, which composes the organic matrix of bone. Although isopsoralen stimulates osteoblastic cell proliferation and differentiation, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 is an important cell signaling factor for stimulating collagen synthesis. To explore the association between isopsoralen and the synthesis of collagen in vitro, the molecular and biological association between isopsoralen and TGF-β signaling was examined. (CAGA) 12-luciferase-reporter gene was used to measure TGF-β1 signaling activity. Type I collagen was detected by semiquantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 7 (Smad7) protein expression levels were analyzed by western blotting. The expression of collagen in MC3T3-E1 cells stimulated with isopsoralen was significantly upregulated compared with the control groups (P<0.05). Conversely, isopsoralen significantly decreased Smad7 protein expression compared with the control groups (P<0.05). Moreover, it was observed that isopsoralen activates the TGF-β1 signaling pathway and ultimately promotes collagen synthesis through inhibition of Smad7 protein expression. Therefore, isopsoralen is a potential target for the treatment of PM-OP. © 2017, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.


Zhao J.,Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Zhao J.,Capital Medical University | Di T.,Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Wang Y.,Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | And 6 more authors.
European Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2016

Paeoniflorin (PF) is the main active ingredients of radix paeoniae rubra and radix paeoniae alba, which are used widely in Traditional Chinese Medicine. This study aimed to assess the capacity of PF to inhibit imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis. Mice treated with IMQ were divided into four groups and administered 240 mg/kg/day or 120 mg/kg/day of PF, 1 mg/kg/day of methotrexate (MTX), or normal saline intragastrically. Weight-matched mice treated with vaseline were used as controls. Morphology, structural features, keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation, inflammatory cell infiltration, levels of Th1/Th2/Th17/Treg cytokine mRNA, and phosphorylation of Th17 differentiation-related proteins were assessed. Mouse spleen cells were incubated under Th17 polarizing conditions, then with PF (2, 20, and 200 μg/ml) and cell viability, Th17 differentiation, and Th17 cytokines and the orphan nuclear receptor (RORγt) mRNA levels were assessed. PF alleviated IMQ-induced keratinocyte proliferation and inflammatory cell infiltration, and reduced mRNA levels of Th17 cytokines at day 4 and phosphorylation of Th17 differentiation-related proteins. However, 2, 20, or 200 μg/ml PF did not affect spleen cell viability, and 2 and 20 μg/ml PF reduced IL-17 secretion under Th17 polarizing conditions. Finally, 2 and 20 μg/ml PF inhibited mRNA expression of Th17 cytokines and phosphorylation of Stat3 in spleen cells under Th17 polarizing conditions. These results suggest that PF inhibits IMQ-induced psoriasis by regulating Th17 cell response and cytokine secretion via phosphorylation of Stat3. © 2016 The Authors.


Zhang H.,Capital Medical University | Zhang H.,Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Ta N.,China National Health Development Research Center | Chen P.,China Japan Friendship Hospital | Wang H.,Capital Medical University
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2017

Erchen decoction (ECD) and Linguizhugan decoction (LGZGD), both are Chinese herbal formula, have been used clinically for the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, their therapeutic mechanisms are still unclear. Because insulin resistance (IR) is a key etiological factor in the pathology of high-fat diet- (HFD-) induced NAFLD, in this study, the protective effects of ECD and LGZGD on HFD-induced insulin resistance in rats were evaluated and their mechanisms were investigated by OGTT and Western blot. The results showed that treatment with ECD and LGZGD significantly improved insulin resistance and liver damage in rats, evidenced by supported serum aminotransferase levels and the histopathological examination. ECD and LGZGD also showed significant protective effects against HFD-induced hyperlipidemia and the inhibition of the hepatocyte proliferation by palmitate. Furthermore, supplementation of ECD and LGZGD decreased TNF-α, NF-B, and IRS-1Ser307 phosphorylation expressions in vivo and in vitro. These results indicated that ECD and LGZGD have protective effects against HFD-induced liver IR and their underlying mechanisms involve the TNF-α and insulin pathway. These findings would be beneficial for understanding of the therapeutic effects of ECD and LGZGD in treatment of NAFLD. © 2017 Huicun Zhang et al.


Han D.,China Agricultural University | Wan C.,China Agricultural University | Liu F.,China Agricultural University | Xu X.,Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | And 2 more authors.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2016

Jujuboside A is a kind of the saponins isolated from the seeds of Ziziphus jujuba, which possesses multiple biological effects, such as antianxiety, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effects; however, its mediatory effect on isoproterenol-stimulated cardiomyocytes has not been investigated yet. In this study, we tried to detect the protective effect and potential mechanism of JUA on ISO-induced cardiomyocytes injury. H9C2 cells were treated with ISO to induce cell damage. Cells were pretreated with JUA to investigate the effects on the cell viability, morphological changes, light chain 3 conversion, and the activation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. Results showed that ISO significantly inhibited the cell viability in a time-and dose-dependent manner. JUA pretreatment could reverse the reduction of cell viability and better the injury of H9C2 cells induced by ISO. Western blot analysis showed that JUA could accelerate the phosphorylation of PI3K, Akt, and mTOR. Results also indicated that JUA could significantly decrease the ratio of microtubule-associated protein LC3-II/I in H9C2 cells. Taken together, our research showed that JUA could notably reduce the damage cause by ISO via promoting the phosphorylation of PI3K, Akt, and mTOR and inhibiting LC3 conversion, which may be a potential choice for the treatment of heart diseases. © 2016 Dandan Han et al.


PubMed | Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine and China Agricultural University
Type: | Journal: Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM | Year: 2016

Jujuboside A is a kind of the saponins isolated from the seeds of Ziziphus jujuba, which possesses multiple biological effects, such as antianxiety, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effects; however, its mediatory effect on isoproterenol-stimulated cardiomyocytes has not been investigated yet. In this study, we tried to detect the protective effect and potential mechanism of JUA on ISO-induced cardiomyocytes injury. H9C2 cells were treated with ISO to induce cell damage. Cells were pretreated with JUA to investigate the effects on the cell viability, morphological changes, light chain 3 conversion, and the activation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. Results showed that ISO significantly inhibited the cell viability in a time- and dose-dependent manner. JUA pretreatment could reverse the reduction of cell viability and better the injury of H9C2 cells induced by ISO. Western blot analysis showed that JUA could accelerate the phosphorylation of PI3K, Akt, and mTOR. Results also indicated that JUA could significantly decrease the ratio of microtubule-associated protein LC3-II/I in H9C2 cells. Taken together, our research showed that JUA could notably reduce the damage cause by ISO via promoting the phosphorylation of PI3K, Akt, and mTOR and inhibiting LC3 conversion, which may be a potential choice for the treatment of heart diseases.


Wang S.,Capital Medical University | Zhou T.,Capital Medical University | Zhai J.-P.,Capital Medical University | Wang L.-H.,Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Chen J.,Capital Medical University
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine | Year: 2014

Objective: To investigate the effects of Modified Sanhuang Decoction (加味三黄汤, MSD) enema on the serum tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and colonic mucosa interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels in experimental ulcerative colitis (UC) rats.Methods: Forty-five male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: normal group (n=12), model group (n=11), salazosulfapyridine (SASP) group (n=11) and MSD group (n=11). The UC model was induced by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)/ethanol solution. Rats in the normal group and model group were clystered with 0.9% normal saline, while in the SASP group and MSD group were clystered with SASP and MSD enema, respectively. After drug administration (10 mL/kg body weight, for 7 days), colonic gross changes and colonic mucosa histology were observed, serum TNF-α and colonic mucosa IL-1β, IL-6 levels were tested by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and radioimmunoassay, respectively.Results: As compared with the normal group, the experimental UC rats, the colonic mucosal damage index scores (CMDIs), histopathological scores (HS) and the serum TNF-α and colonic mucosa IL-1β, IL-6 levels significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). In the MSD and SASP groups, the ulcer area significantly reduced, and edema disappeared. The CMDIs, HS, the serum TNF-α and colonic mucosa IL-1β, IL-6 levels in the MSD and SASP groups significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01) compared with the model group. The CMDIs in the MSD group were lower than that in the SASP group (P<0.05), but there were no significant differences in HS, serum TNF-α or colonic mucosa IL-1β, IL-6 levels between the MSD and SASP groups.Conclusion: MSD enema can improve colonic mucosa impairment and decrease serum TNF-α and colonic mucosa IL-1β, IL-6 levels in experimental UC. © 2013, Chinese Association of the Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Zhang Z.-H.,Capital Medical University | Shi G.-X.,Capital Medical University | Li Q.-Q.,Capital Medical University | Wang Y.-J.,Capital Medical University | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Neuroscience | Year: 2014

Background and Purpose: An ideal animal model to explore that pathogenesis and prevention of dementia is essential. The present study was designed to compare the difference of behavior and cerebral blood flow of the two vascular dementia rat models at different time intervals. Methods: The rats were randomly allocated to three groups: bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) group, thromboembolism (TE) group and sham-operated (SHAM) group. The performance in the Morris water maze (MWM) was analyzed at 7, 14 and 28 d after operation and cerebral blood flow (CBF) was analyzed at 28 days after operation. Result: The results showed that the two models exhibited longer latency, less times to crossing platform in MWM and lower CBF than the SHAM rats. Compared with the TE rats, the BCCAO rats have a significant prolongation of escape latency at 7 days and 28 days. In the probe trial, the BCCAO rats showed less number of times across the platform. Conclusion: The BCCAO rats maybe provide a more useful model to study the physiopathological mechanisms of cognitive impairment related to chronic cerebral ischemia. © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.


Zhao J.,Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Zhao J.,Capital Medical University | Di T.,Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Wang Y.,Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2016

Multi-glycoside of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f.(GTW) possesses anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties, and has been used as a traditional treatment for psoriasis for many years, although the underlying immunological mechanisms remain poorly understood. The T helper (Th)17 cell response is considered to play a major role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Th17 cells are implicated in the mechanism of pathogenesis of imiquimod (IMQ) induced skin inflammation. Using a mouse model, we demonstrated that GTW protected mice from developing psoriasis-like lesions induced by topical IMQ administration. This protection was associated with significantly decreased mRNA levels of Th17 cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-17F and IL-22 in mouse skin samples as well as fewer IL-17-secreting splenic CD4+ lymphocytes in IMQ-exposed mice. There were no significant effects on the proportion of CD4+ interferon (IFN)+ T cells, CD4+IL-4+ T cells and CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Treg cells in the spleen cells. Taken together with the unchanged mRNA levels of Th1 cytokine IFN, Th2 cytokine IL-4 and Treg cytokine IL-10 in IMQ-exposed mouse skin following GTW administration, our findings suggest that the immunosuppressive effect of GTW in psoriasis is exerted mainly on Th17 cells, rather than on Th1, Th2 or Treg cells. Furthermore, we showed that GTW suppressed Th17 function through the inhibition of STAT3 phosphorylation. These results have the potential to pave the way for the use of GTW as an agent for the treatment of psoriasis.


Kang Q.,Capital Medical University | Liu W.,Capital Medical University | Liu W.,Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Liu H.,Capital Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2015

Compound Chuanxiong Capsule (CCC), a Chinese herbal compound, can exhibit antiatherosclerotic effect; however, its mechanism is still unclear. This study is designed to study the mechanism of CCC on atherosclerosis in the ApoE-knockout (ApoE-/-) mice fed with a high-fat diet. After 6 weeks of high-fat feeding, 40 ApoE-/- mice were randomized (n = 10) and treated with lipitor, high-dose or low-dose CCC, or distilled water (ApoE-/- group) for 7 weeks. The blood lipids in serum and the plaque areas of the mice were measured and the mRNA expressions of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinases (PI3K), Akt, nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-B), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) of the aortae were determined. The data showed that CCC can significantly decrease the levels of blood lipids, atherosclerosis index, and plaque areas and increase collagen proportion in plaques as compared with the untreated mice (p < 0.05, p < 0.01). In addition, CCC can significantly reduce the mRNA expressions of PI3K, Akt, NF-B, IL-6, and TNF-α in the mice fed with a high-fat diet (p < 0.001). Thus, we concluded that CCC can inhibit inflammatory reaction in the ApoE-/- mice fed with a high-fat diet. This mechanism may be attributed to regulating PI3K/Akt/NF-B signaling pathway. © 2015 Qunfu Kang et al.


PubMed | Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
Type: | Journal: European journal of pharmacology | Year: 2016

Paeoniflorin (PF) is the main active ingredients of radix paeoniae rubra and radix paeoniae alba, which are used widely in Traditional Chinese Medicine. This study aimed to assess the capacity of PF to inhibit imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis. Mice treated with IMQ were divided into four groups and administered 240mg/kg/day or 120mg/kg/day of PF, 1mg/kg/day of methotrexate (MTX), or normal saline intragastrically. Weight-matched mice treated with vaseline were used as controls. Morphology, structural features, keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation, inflammatory cell infiltration, levels of Th1/Th2/Th17/Treg cytokine mRNA, and phosphorylation of Th17 differentiation-related proteins were assessed. Mouse spleen cells were incubated under Th17 polarizing conditions, then with PF (2, 20, and 200g/ml) and cell viability, Th17 differentiation, and Th17 cytokines and the orphan nuclear receptor (RORt) mRNA levels were assessed. PF alleviated IMQ-induced keratinocyte proliferation and inflammatory cell infiltration, and reduced mRNA levels of Th17 cytokines at day 4 and phosphorylation of Th17 differentiation-related proteins. However, 2, 20, or 200g/ml PF did not affect spleen cell viability, and 2 and 20g/ml PF reduced IL-17 secretion under Th17 polarizing conditions. Finally, 2 and 20g/ml PF inhibited mRNA expression of Th17 cytokines and phosphorylation of Stat3 in spleen cells under Th17 polarizing conditions. These results suggest that PF inhibits IMQ-induced psoriasis by regulating Th17 cell response and cytokine secretion via phosphorylation of Stat3.

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