Beijing Geriatric Medical Research Center

Beijing, China

Beijing Geriatric Medical Research Center

Beijing, China
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Fang X.,Capital Medical University | Fang X.,Beijing Geriatric Medical Research Center | Fang X.,Key Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases | Fang X.,Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology | And 18 more authors.
Neuroepidemiology | Year: 2016

The Cardiovascular and Cognitive Health Study (CCHS-Beijing) is a population-based study of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cognitive impairment in adults aged 55 and older in Beijing. The main aims of the study are to investigate the prevalence rates of CVD, asymptomatic atherosclerosis, and cognitive impairment, as well as validate the risk factors related to the onset and development of CVD, Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The study was designed to detect the traditional and new risk factors in this age group. Participants were recruited randomly from residential regions in the greater Beijing municipality area based on the average levels of development in Beijing, China in 2012 (based on socioeconomic, demographic, and geographical characteristics). Thorough physical and laboratory examination were performed at baseline (also the cross-sectional survey) to identify the risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, as well as newly defined risk factors like elevated homocysteine, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, and urine micro-albumin. Subclinical disease of the cerebral vasculature included atherosclerosis of carotid arteries, intracranial arteries, and retinal vessels. Subclinical cardiac diseases included left ventricular enlargement, arrhythmias, chamber hypertrophy and myocardial ischemia. Blood pressure was documented using the ankle-arm method. In addition, neuropsychological assessments were performed for all subjects aged 65 and above. Baseline evaluation began during the period August 2013 to December 2014. Follow-up examination will occur in 5 years. The initial and recurrent CVD, AD and MCI events will be verified and validated during the follow-up period. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Guan M.-W.,Capital Medical University | Guan M.-W.,China International Neuroscience Institute | Wang J.-Y.,Beijing Geriatric Medical Research Center | Feng D.-X.,University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences | And 15 more authors.
Chinese Medical Journal | Year: 2013

Background Image-guided neurosurgery, endoscopic-assisted neurosurgery and the keyhole approach are three important parts of minimally invasive neurosurgery and have played a significant role in treating skull base lesions. This study aimed to investigate the potential usefulness of coupling of the endoscope with the far lateral keyhole approach and image guidance at the ventral craniocervical junction in a cadaver model. Methods We simulated far lateral keyhole approach bilaterally in five cadaveric head specimens (10 cranial hemispheres). Computed tomography-based image guidance was used for intraoperative navigation and for quantitative measurements. Skull base structures were observed using both an operating microscope and a rigid endoscope. The jugular tubercle and one-third of the occipital condyle were then drilled, and all specimens were observed under the microscope again. We measured and compared the exposure of the petroclivus area provided by the endoscope and by the operating microscope. Statistical analysis was performed by analysis of variance followed by the Student-Newman-Keuls test. Results With endoscope assistance and image guidance, it was possible to observe the deep ventral craniocervical junction structures through three nerve gaps (among facial-acoustical nerves and the lower cranial nerves) and structures normally obstructed by the jugular tubercle and occipital condyle in the far lateral keyhole approach. The surgical area exposed in the petroclival region was significantly improved using the 0° endoscope (1147.80 mm2) compared with the operating microscope ((756.28±50.73) mm2). The far lateral retrocondylar keyhole approach, using both 0° and 30° endoscopes, provided an exposure area ((1147.80±159.57) mm2 and (1409.94±155.18) mm2, respectively) greater than that of the far lateral transcondylar transtubercular keyhole approach ((1066.26±165.06) mm2) (P <0.05). Conclusions With the aid of the endoscope and image guidance, it is possible to approach the ventral craniocervical junction with the far lateral keyhole approach. The use of an angled-lens endoscope can significantly improve the exposure of the petroclival region without drilling the jugular tubercle and occipital condyle.

Zhao Y.,Capital Medical University | Zhao Y.,Beijing Geriatric Medical Research Center | Zhao Y.,Key Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases | Zhao Y.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Translational Medicine for Cerebrovascular Diseases | And 24 more authors.
Stroke | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE - : Zinc has been reported to possess both neurotoxic and neuroprotective capabilities. The effects of elevated intracellular zinc accumulation following transient focal cerebral ischemia remain to be fully elucidated. Here, we investigated whether removing zinc with the membrane-permeable zinc chelator, N,N,N′,N′-tetrakis(2- pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine (TPEN), would decrease the intracellular levels of zinc in the ischemic tissue, leading to reduced brain damage and improved neurological outcomes. METHODS - : Rats were pretreated with TPEN or vehicle before or after a 90-minute middle cerebral artery occlusion. Cerebral infarct volume, neurological functions, neuronal apoptosis, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activity, and cytosolic labile zinc were assessed after ischemia and reperfusion. RESULTS - : Cerebral ischemia caused a dramatic cytosolic labile zinc accumulation in the ischemic tissue, which was decreased markedly by TPEN (15 mg/kg) pretreatment. Chelating zinc lead to reduced infarct volume compared with vehicle-treated middle cerebral artery occlusion rats, accompanied by much improved neurological assessment and motor function, which were sustained for 14 days after reperfusion. We also determined that reducing zinc accumulation rescued neurons from ischemia-induced apoptotic death by reducing poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 activation. CONCLUSIONS - : Ischemia-induced high accumulation of intracellular zinc significantly contributed to ischemic brain damage through promotion of neuronal apoptotic death. Removing zinc may be an effective and novel approach to reduce ischemic brain injury. © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.

Zhao H.,Capital Medical University | Zhao H.,Beijing Geriatric Medical Research Center | Zhao H.,Key Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases of Ministry of Education | Zhao H.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Translational Medicine for Cerebrovascular Diseases | And 29 more authors.
Brain Research | Year: 2014

The present study was designed to investigate the potential role of miR-23a-3p in experimental brain ischemia-reperfusion injury. Cerebral ischemia reperfusion was induced by transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 1 h in C57/BL6 mice. And miR-23a-3p angomir was transfected to upregulate the miR-23a-3p level. Our results showed that miR-23a-3p levels were transiently increased at 4 h after reperfusion in the peri-infarction area, while markedly increased in the infarction core at reperfusion 4 h and 24 h. Importantly, in vivo study demonstrated that miR-23a-3p angomir treatment through intracerebroventricular injection markedly decreased cerebral infarction volume after MCAO. Simultaneously, miR-23a-3p reduced peroxidative production nitric oxide (NO) and 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT), and increased the expression of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD). In vitro study demonstrated that miR-23a-3p decreased hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage dose-dependently, and reduced protein levels of activated caspase-3 in neuro-2a cells. In addition, miR-23a-3p reduced H2O2-induced production of NO and 3-NT dose-dependently, and reversed the decreased activity of total SOD and MnSOD in neuro-2a cells. Our study indicated that miR-23a-3p suppressed oxidative stress and lessened cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Xing Y.,Capital Medical University | Liu J.,Capital Medical University | Xu J.,Capital Medical University | Yin L.,Capital Medical University | And 7 more authors.
Disease Markers | Year: 2015

Increasing evidences suggested the association between leptin and cognitive functions. Estrogen is an important factor that regulates the production and metabolism of leptin. However, little is known about the relationship between leptin and estrogen in mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Plasma levels of leptin, total estradiol, and β-amyloid protein (Aβ) were measured in a total of 23 female amnestic MCI (aMCI) patients and 19 female cognitively normal controls. This study showed that female aMCI patients had lower plasma levels of leptin and higher levels of estradiol compared to female normal controls. Leptin and estradiol levels were not correlated with cognitive performances or plasma Aβ levels in either aMCI patients or normal controls. There was a significant negative correlation between leptin and estrogen in female aMCI patients (r = -0.633, p = 0.002) but not in female normal controls. The potential mechanisms of this disease-stage-specific association between leptin and estrogen need further investigations. © 2015 Yi Xing et al.

Zhang L.,Capital Medical University | Zhang L.,Key Laboratory for Neurodegenerative Diseases of Ministry of Education | Lin Q.-L.,Capital Medical University | Lin Q.-L.,Key Laboratory for Neurodegenerative Diseases of Ministry of Education | And 17 more authors.
European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND: Circadian rhythms tend to change as animals age; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying these are not yet fully understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the DNA methylation of clock genes changes with age and contributes to circadian dysfunction in aged animals. METHODS: We examined the methylation of clock promoters in the stomach, kidney, striatum, and spleen by using a methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) assay. RESULTS: Our results show that different tissues exhibit specific patterns of clock methylation. Additionally, methylation frequency decreased significantly in older mice at the Per1 promoter in the stomach, but it was significantly increased in older mice at the Cry1, Bmal2, and Npas2 promoters in the spleen. CONCLUSION: The findings from our study suggest that DNA methylation contribute to agerelated changes in circadian rhythms in certain slave oscillators.

Zhao H.,Capital Medical University | Zhao H.,Beijing Geriatric Medical Research Center | Zhao H.,Key Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases | Wang R.,Capital Medical University | And 24 more authors.
FEBS Journal | Year: 2014

T-LAK-cell-originated protein kinase (TOPK), a MAPKK-like kinase, is crucial for neural progenitor cell proliferation; however, the function of TOPK and the molecular mechanism underlying cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury remains unknown. Therefore, we investigated the role of TOPK in experimental stroke. Sprague-Dawley rats underwent transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) and reperfusion, and TOPK small interfering RNA (siRNA) was delivered by intracerebroventricular injection at the beginning of MCAO. After TOPK overexpression and H2 stimulation in PC12 neuronal cells, antioxidative proteins, apoptosis-related proteins and signal pathways were detected by western blot analysis, the levels of the peroxidation products (malondialdehyde and 3-nitrotyrosine) were measured with ELISA. Phosphorylation of TOPK was increased in rat cortical neurons following tMCAO. TOPK overexpression in PC12 cells augmented levels of antioxidative proteins (peroxiredoxin 1 and 2, heme oxygenase 1 and manganese superoxide dismutase), as well as total superoxide dismutase activity, along with inhibition of malondialdehyde and 3-nitrotyrosine upon H2 stimulation. TOPK overexpression increased cell viability and reduced expression of caspase 3 and caspase 12 in PC12 cells in response to H2. The p-ERK level was increased by TOPK overexpression, and antioxidative protection afforded by TOPK was abolished by blocking the extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway in PC12 cells. TOPK siRNA increased the infarct volume and reduced total superoxide dismutase activity in the cortex in vivo after MCAO. These data reveal that activating TOPK confers neuroprotection against focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by antioxidative function, in part through activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway. © 2014 FEBS.

Wu Y.,Capital Medical University | Wu Y.,Beijing Geriatric Medical Research Center | Pan X.,Capital Medical University | Xu Y.,Capital Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Natural Medicines | Year: 2016

Wuzhuyu decoction (WZYD) is a classic traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula. It has been extensively used for treating migraine for thousands of years in TCM. Four potential active ingredients from WZYD, ginsenoside-Rg1 (Rg1), ginsenoside-Rb1 (Rb1), evodiamine (Ev) and rutaecarpine (Ru), were found to have positive correlations with pharmacodynamic indicators involving mouse migraine in our previous study. To find a better therapeutic effect on migraine, this research was carried out to optimize the combinations of Rg1, Rb1, Ev and Ru using the uniform design method. The results showed that Rb1 and Ev played key roles in improving the therapeutic effect on mouse migraine by strongly ameliorating pharmacodynamic indicators associated with migraine. They significantly increased the contents of 5-hydroxytryptamine, noradrenaline and dopamine in brain tissues, and reduced the content of nitric oxide in brain tissues and the activities of nitric oxide synthase in both brain tissues and blood serum. The optimal concentrations of Rb1 and Ev were 1057.4 mg/L and 312.5 mg/L, respectively. Rg1 and Ru contributed less to the overall desirability, suggesting that they had reverse effects on some pharmacodynamic indicators of this type of migraine. The verification test demonstrated by the immunohistochemical method that the optimal combination inhibited the expression of c-fos and c-jun in periaqueductal gray of mice, and strongly ameliorated pharmacodynamic indicators. These results suggested that the therapeutic effect of the optimal combination of the four ingredients was strong, and the optimal results were proven to be reliable and accurate. © 2015 The Japanese Society of Pharmacognosy and Springer.

Liu P.,Capital Medical University | Liu P.,Beijing Geriatric Medical Research Center | Liu P.,Key Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases | Zhao H.,Capital Medical University | And 25 more authors.
Stroke | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE - : We previously showed that the microRNA miR-424 protects against permanent cerebral ischemic injury in mice by suppressing microglia activation. This study investigated the role of miR-424 in transient cerebral ischemia in mice with a focus on oxidative stress-induced neuronal injury. METHODS - : Transient cerebral ischemia was induced in C57/BL6 mice by middle cerebral artery occlusion for 1 hour followed by reperfusion (ischemia/reperfusion). The miR-424 level in the peri-infarct cortex was quantified. Mice were also administered miR-424 angomir by intracerebroventricular injection. Cerebral infarct volume, neuronal apoptosis, and levels of oxidative stress markers and antioxidants were evaluated. In an in vitro experiment, primary cortical neurons were exposed to H2O2 and treated with miR-424 angomir, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 siRNA, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) inhibitor; cell activity, lactate dehydrogenase release, malondialdehyde level, and manganese (Mn)SOD activity were then evaluated. RESULTS - : MiR-424 levels in the peri-infarct cortex increased at 1 and 4 hours then decreased 24 hours after reperfusion. Treatment with miR-424 decreased infarct volume and inhibited neuronal apoptosis after ischemia/reperfusion, reduced reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde levels in the cortex, and increased the expression and activation of MnSOD as well as the expression of extracellular SOD and the redox-sensitive transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor. In neuronal cultures, miR-424 treatment abrogated H2O2-induced injury, as evidenced by decreased lactate dehydrogenase leakage and malondialdehyde level and increased cell viability and MnSOD activity; the protective effects of miR-424 against oxidative stress were reversed by nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor knockdown and SOD inhibitor treatment. CONCLUSIONS - : MiR-424 protects against transient cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury by inhibiting oxidative stress. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.

Zhao Y.,Capital Medical University | Zhao Y.,Beijing Geriatric Medical Research Center | Zhao Y.,Key Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases of Ministry of Education | Yan Y.,Capital Medical University | And 8 more authors.
Brain Research Bulletin | Year: 2015

Diabetic encephalopathy has recently been recognized late complication of diabetes resulting in progressive cognitive deficits. Emerging evidence has indicated that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis is involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic eye and kidney as well as non-diabetic neurodegeneration. However, there was little direct evidence for the involvement of ER stress in diabetic encephalopathy up to now. In the present work, we investigated the role of ER stress in the pathogenesis of diabetic encephalopathy. Our results have demonstrated the existence of ER stress in the hippocampus of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. STZ injection i.p. rapidly induced up-regulation of the ER stress marker, the prosurvival chaperone glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), as early as 6-24. h and persisted at least for up to 72. h in the hippocampus of mice, indicating the UPR activation soon after STZ administration. The increased expression of GRP78 in hippocampal cells is to relieve the ER stress. With the development of diabetes, the expression of GRP78 decreases while the expression of UPR-associated proapoptotic transcriptional regulator C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) increases significantly in the hippocampal neurons of diabetic mice from 1 week after STZ administration to 12 weeks/the end of the study. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling-positive cells in the hippocampus of diabetic mice were largely colocalized with NeuN- and CHOP-positive cells, indicating that the up-regulation of CHOP in hippocampal neurons of diabetic mice may promote neuronal apoptosis and account for the damaged learning and memory ability of diabetic mice. Therefore, our study provides evidence that ER stress may play an important role in the pathogenesis of neuronal degeneration and may contribute to cognitive dysfunction of diabetic encephalopathy. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

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